Quick Navigator

Search Site

Unix VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Contact Us
Online Help
Domain Status
Man Pages

Virtual Servers

Topology Map

Server Agreement
Year 2038

USA Flag



Man Pages

Manual Reference Pages  -  APGBFM (1)


apgbfm - APG Bloom filter management program




apgbfm -f filter -n numofwords [-q] [-s]
apgbfm -f filter -d dictfile [-q] [-s]
apgbfm -f filter -a word [-q]
apgbfm -f filter -A dictfile [-q]
apgbfm -f filter -c word [-q]
apgbfm -f filter -C dictfile [-q]
apgbfm -i filter
apgbfm [-v] [-h]


apgbfm is used to manage Bloom filter that is used to restrict password generation in APG pasword generation software. Usage of the Bloom filter allows to speed up password check for large dictionaries and has some other benefits.

The idea to use Bloom filter for that purpose is came from the description of the OPUS project OPUS: Preventing Weak Password Choices Purdue Technical Report CSD-TR 92-028 writen by Eugene H. Spafford.

You can obtain this article from:
It has very nice description of Bloom filter and it’s advantages for password checking systems.

In simple words, apgbfm generates n hash values for every word and sets corresponding bits in filter file to 1. To check the word apgbfm generates the same hash functions for that word and if all n corresponding bits in filter file are set to 1 then it suppose that word exists in dicionary. apgbfm uses SHA-1 as a hash function.

apgbfm can be used as standalone utility, not only with apg, or apgd.

  Filter file format can be changed in the future. I’ll try to make file formats compatible but i can not guaranty this.
  apgbfm may slow down your computer during filter creation.


-f filter
  use filter as the name for Bloom filter filename.
-i filter
  print information about filter.
-n numofwords
  create new empty filter for numofwords number of words. Useful when you want to fill filter dynamicaly.
-d dictfile
  create new filter from dictfile. It may take a lot of time to generate filter from a big dictionary. In that dictionary you may place words (one per line) that should not appear as generated passwords. For example: user names common words, etc. You even can use one of the dictionaries that come with dictionary password crackers. This check is case sensitive. For example, if you want to reject word ’root’, you should insert in dictfile words: root, Root, RoOt, ... , ROOT. To indicate that program is working apgbfm prints dot for every 100 words added in dictionary.
-a word
  add word to the filter.
-A dictfile
  add all words from dictfile to the filter. To indicate that program is working apgbfm prints dot for every 100 words added in dictionary.
-c word
  check word for appearance in the filter.
-C dictfile
  check every word from dictfile for appearance in the filter.
-q quiet mode.
-s create new filter in case-insensitive mode.
-v print version information.
-h print help information.


On successful completion of its task, apgbfm will complete with exit code 0. An exit code of -1 indicates an error occurred. Textual errors are written to the standard error stream.




None. If you’ve found one, please send bug description to the author.

This man page is Alpha too.


apgd(8), apg(1)


Adel I. Mirzazhanov, <>
Project home page:
Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section 1 |  Main Index

Automated Password Generator APGBFM (1) 2003 Jun 19

Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with manServer 1.07.