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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  CALCTOOL (1)

NAME

calctool - a simple calculator

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Options
Calculator Buttons
     Base Changes.
     Trigonometric Unit Changes.
     Logical Operations.
     Trigonometrical Operators.
     Memory Register Operators.
     Mathematical Operators.
     Number Manipulation Operators.
     Other keys.
Files
Bugs
Author

SYNOPSIS

calctool [ -a accuracy ] [ -d display ] [ -g geometry ] [ -h helpfile ] [ -i ] [ -v ] [ -Wi ] [ -Wp x y ] [ -WP x y ]

DESCRIPTION

Calctool is a simple calculator. It contains graphical interfaces for MGR, NeWS, SunView, X11 and XView, as well as being able to function on normal display terminals using a termcap interface. It can receive input via the keyboard, or the mouse where applicable. Each calculator button has two functions associated with it.

Internal arithmetic is done with double precision floating point numbers. Accuracy can be adjusted from zero to nine numeric places in fixed notation, but numbers can be displayed in scientific notation as well. The calculator reverts to scientific notation when the number is larger than the display would allow in fixed notation. The base of operation can be changed between binary, octal, decimal and hexidecimal. Numbers are initially displayed in fixed notation to two numeric places, in the decimal base.

You can use the SunView / XView Put and Get function keys in conjunction with the numeric display to store or retrieve characters from the text shelf. The previous digit entered can be removed and the whole display cleared.

There are ten memory registers; numbers can be retrieved or stored in these locations, and arithmetic can be performed upon register contents.

The display windows contains the current numerical value plus the current base and trigonometric type. There are also indicators which show if the hyperbolic and inverse function switches are set, and which numerical mode is currently in operation. If an operation needing more than one numerical input is partially complete, the operation is also displayed in this window as a reminder.

The calculator has arithmetical, logical and trigonometrical functions. These are grouped together and color coded on color workstations.

With the SunView and XView versions, there is support for popup menus with the right mouse button. Only certain buttons which have multiple options have this ability. These are the ACC, CON, EXCH, FUN, <, >, RCL and STO keys.

Online help is provided via a help button. Select this button, and then the function you wish to be described. The calctool windows can be redrawn by typing ^L (control-l). This is very useful with the tty version after somebody has written system messages all over your screen.

On startup, calctool will look for a .calctoolrc file in the users’ home directory. This file allows the user to define their own constants and function definitions. It then looks for a .calctoolrc file in the current directory. With the .calctoolrc file, there are currently four valid record types; comments, constants, function definitions and initial memory register values.

Lines starting with a ’#’ are treated as comments and ignored.

Lines starting with ’c’ or ’C’ in the first column are definitions for constants. The cC is followed by a digit in the range 0-9, then a space. This is followed by a number in fixed or scientific notation. Following this is an optional comment, which if found, will be used in the popup menu for the constants. If the comment is present, then there must be at least one space between this and the preceding number.

Lines starting with ’f’ or ’F’ in the first column are definitions for functions. The fF is followed by a digit in the range 0-9, then a space. This is followed by a function definition. Following this is an optional comment, which if found, will be used in the popup menu for the functions. If the comment is present, then there must be at least one space between this and the preceding function definition.

Lines starting with ’r’ or ’R’ in the first column are definitions for the initial contents of the memory registers. The rR is followed by a digit in the range 0-9, then a space. This is followed by a number in fixed or scientific notation. The rest of the line is ignored.

All other lines are ignored. There should be no embedded spaces in the function definitions. Whenever a backslash is found, this and the following character signify a control character, for example \g would be ASCII 7.

OPTIONS

-a accuracy
  Initial number of significant digits displayed. This value must be in the range 0 to 9. If not specified, this value defaults to 2.
-d display
  Used with the X11 variant of calctool to give a display type.
-g geometry
  Used with the X11 variant of calctool to give geometry information.
-h helpfile
  Use an alternate helpfile.
-i Invert the calctool window before displaying it. For use by people who started their graphics environment in inverse mode.
-v Print the version number of this release of the calctool program.
-Wi Start the calctool program up in iconic form. SunView automatically uses this flag, but the NeWS version will also.
-Wp x y Start the open window position at x y
-WP x y Start the icon position at x y

CALCULATOR BUTTONS

[Keyboard equivalents appear in brackets]

    Numerical Keys [ 0-9 a-f . = <RETURN> ].

Enter a digit (decimal digits 0-9 or hexidecimal digits A-F) in the display. The . acts as the decimal point and = is used for completion of numerical entry (<RETURN> can be also be used from the keyboard to terminate numerical entry).

    Arithmetical Operations [ + - x X * / ].

Perform an arithmetical operation using the previous entry and the next entry as operands. Addition, subtraction, multiplication and division are denoted by the buttons +, -, x and / respectively (the keyboard keys * and X are synonymous with x for multiplication).

    Base Changes.

BIN [ B ] Change display base to binary (maximum: 32 digits).
OCT [ O ] Change display base to octal (maximum: 15 digits). are allowed.
DEC [ D ] Change display base to decimal (default; maximum: 12 digits).
HEX [ H ] Change display base to hexidecimal (maximum: 12 digits).

    Trigonometric Unit Changes.

DEG [ ^d ] Change current trigonometrical base to degrees.
RAD [ ^r ] Change the current trigonometrical base to radians.
GRAD [ ^g ] Change the current trigonometrical base to gradients.

    Logical Operations.

AND [ & ] Perform a logical AND operation on the current entry and the next entry, treating both numbers as unsigned long integers.
NOT [ ~ ] Perform the logical NOT operation of the current entry.
OR [ | ] Perform a logical OR operation on the current entry and the next entry, treating both numbers as unsigned long integers.
XNOR [ n or N ] Perform a logical XNOR operation on the current entry and the next entry, treating both numbers as unsigned long integers.
XOR [ ^ ] Perform a logical XOR operation on the current entry and the next entry, treating both numbers as unsigned long integers.

    Trigonometrical Operators.

SIN [ ^s ] Return the trigonometric sine, arc sine hyperbolic sine or inverse hyperbolic sine of the current display, depending upon the current settings of the hyperbolic and inverse function switches. The result is displayed in the current trigonometric units (degrees, radians or gradients).
COS [ ^c ] Return the trigonometric cosine, arc cosine hyperbolic cosine or inverse hyperbolic cosine of the current display, depending upon the current settings of the hyperbolic and inverse function switches. The result is displayed in the current trigonometric units (degrees, radians or gradients).
TAN [ ^t ] Return the trigonometric tangent, arc tangent hyperbolic tangent or inverse hyperbolic tangent of the current display, depending upon the current settings of the hyperbolic and inverse function switches. The result is displayed in the current trigonometric units (degrees, radians or gradients).

    Memory Register Operators.

RCL [ r ] Retrieve memory register n. This selection must be followed by a digit in the range 0 to 9 to indicate a memory register.
STO [ s ] Store memory register n. This must be followed by a digit in the range 0 to 9 to indicate a memory register. The register number may be preceded by an arithmetic operation (addition, subtraction, multiplication or division), in which case the specifed operation is carred out between the displayed entry and the value currently in register n, and the result is placed in register n.
EXCH [ ^e ] Exchange the current display with the contents of memory register n. This selection must be followed by a digit in the range 0 to 9, to indicate a memory register.

    Mathematical Operators.

% [ % ] Perform a percentage calculation using the last entry and the next entry.
e^x [ { ] Return e raised to the power of the current entry.
10^x [ } ] Return 10 raised to the power of the current entry.
y^x [ Y ] Take the last entry and raise it to the power of the next entry.
ln [ N ] Return the natural logarithm of the current entry.
log [ G ] Returns the base 10 logarithm of the current entry.
SQRT [ S ] Perform a square root operation on the current entry.
1/x [ R ] Return the value of 1 divided by the current entry.
x! [ ! ] Return the factorial of the current entry. Note that this only works for positive integers.
x^2 [ @ ] Return the square of the current entry.

    Number Manipulation Operators.

< [ < ] Left shift n places. This must be followed by a digit in the range 0 to 9 to indicate the number of places to shift.
> [ > ] Right shift n places. This must be followed by a digit in the range 0 to 9 to indicate the number of places to shift.
&32 [ [ ] Truncate the current entry to a 32 bit unsigned integer (logical function).
&16 [ ] ] Truncate the given number to a 16 bit unsigned integer (logical function).
clr [ Delete ] Clear the calculator display.
bsp [ BackSpace ] Remove the rightmost character of the current entry and recalculate the the displayed value (note: internal accuracy is lost with this operation).
INT [ I ] Return the integer portion of the current entry.
FRAC [ F ] Return the fractional portion of the current entry.
ACC [ A ] Set accuracy. This must be followed by a digit in the range 0 to 9 to indicate how many digits are to be displayed.
CHS [ C ] Change the arithmetic sign of the current entry.
ABS [ U ] Return the absolute value of the current entry.

    Other keys.

MEM [ M ] Toggle the display of the popup register window. Values of the ten memory registers are displayed in the current base, to the current accuracy.
FIX / SCI [ ^n ] Toggles the numerical display mode between fixed point and scientific notation. This affects the current display and the contents of the memory registers.
CON [ # ] Retrieve and display constant value n. This selection must be followed by a digit in the range 0 to 9.
The ten default constants are:

0 - kms per hour / miles per hour.
1 - square root of 2.
2 - e.
3 - pi.
4 - cms / inches.
5 - degrees in a radian.
4 - 2 ^ 20.
6 - gms / oz.
8 - kilojoules / British thermals.
9 - cubic cms / cubic inches.

HYP [ h ] Set or unset the hyperbolic function indicator. This switch affects the type of sine, cosine and tangent trigonometric functions performed.
INV [ i ] Set or unset the inverse function indicator. This switch affects the type of sine, cosine and tangent trigonometric functions performed.
KEYS [ K ] Toggle the labels on the calctool buttons between mouse and keyboard equivalents.
? [ ? ] Display a help message for a particular button. First select this key, then the key to be described.
QUIT [q or Q] Exit (without user verification).
OFF [ o ] Change calctool to an icon.

FILES

/usr/local/lib/calctool.help
/usr/local/lib/calctool.ps
~/.calctoolrc
 

BUGS

Handling of errors generated by the mathematical routines is poorly done.

AUTHOR

Rich Burridge, Domain: richb@sunaus.oz.au
PHONE: +61 2 413 2666   Path: {uunet,mcvax,ukc}!munnari!sunaus.oz!richb


Original manual page modified by R. P. C. Rodgers, UCSF School of Pharmacy, San Francisco, CA 94143.
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--> CALCTOOL (1L) 13 December 1989

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