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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  ENSCRIPT (1)

NAME

enscript - convert text files to PostScript, HTML, RTF, ANSI, and overstrikes

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Options
Configuration Files
Fancy Headers
Special Escapes
Page Device Options
Printing Examples
Environment Variables
Return Value
Files
See Also
Author

SYNOPSIS

enscript [-123456789BcgGhjkKlmOqrRvVzZ] [-# copies] [-a pages] [-A align] [-b header] [-C[start_line]] [-d printer] [-D key[:value]] [-e[char]] [-E[lang]] [-f font] [-F header_font] [-H[num]] [-i indent] [-I filter] [-J title] [-L lines_per_page] [-M media] [-n copies] [-N newline] [-o outputfile] [-o -] [-p outputfile] [-p -] [-P printer] [-s baselineskip] [-S key[:value]] [-t title] [-T tabsize] [-u[text]] [-U num] [-w language] [-X encoding] [filename ...]

DESCRIPTION

Enscript converts text files to PostScript or to other output languages. Enscript can spool the generated output directly to a specified printer or leave it to a file. If no input files are given, enscript processes the standard input stdin. Enscript can be extended to handle different output media and it has many options which can be used to customize the printouts.

OPTIONS

-# num Print num copies of each page.
-1, -2, -3, -4, -5, -6, -7, -8, -9, --columns=num
  Specify how many columns each page have. With the long option --columns=num you can specify more than 9 columns per page.
-a pages, --pages=pages
  Specify which pages are printed. The page specification pages can be given in the following formats:
begin-end
  print pages from begin to end
-end print pages from 0 to end
begin- print pages from begin to end
page print page page
odd print odd pages
even print even pages
-A align, --file-align=align
  Align separate input files to even align page count. This option is useful in two-side and 2-up printings (--file-align=2).
-b header, --header=header
  Use the text header as a page header. The default page header is constructed from the name of the file and from its last modification time.

The header string header can contain the same formatting escapes which can be specified for the %Format directives in the user defined fancy headers. For example, the following option prints the file name, current date and page numbers:

enscript --header=’$n %W Page $% of $=’ *.c

The header string can also contain left, center and right justified fields. The fields are separated by the ’|’ character:

enscript --header=’$n|%W|Page $% of $=’ *.c

now the file name is printed left justified, the date is centered to the header and the page numbers are printed right justified.

-B, --no-header
  Do not print page headers.
-c, --truncate-lines
  Cut lines that are too long for the page. As a default, enscript wraps long lines to the next line so no information is lost.

You can also use the --slice option which slices long lines to separate pages.

-C[start_line], --line-numbers[=start_line]
  Precede each line with its line number. The optional argument start_line specifies the number of the first line in the input. The number of the first line defaults to 1.
-d name Spool output to the printer name.
-D key[:value], --setpagedevice=key[:value]
  Pass a page device definition to the generated PostScript output. If no value is given, the key key is removed from the definitions.

For example, the command

enscript -DDuplex:true foo.txt

prints file foo.txt in duplex (two side) mode.

Page device operators are implementation dependent but they are standardized. See section PAGE DEVICE OPTIONS for the details.

-e[char], --escapes[=char]
  Enable special escapes interpretation (see section SPECIAL ESCAPES). If the argument char is given, it changes the escape character to char. The default escape character is 0.
-E[lang], --highlight[=lang]
  Highlight source code by creating a special input filter with the states program. The optional argument lang specifies the language to highlight. As a default the states makes an educated guess.

You can print a short description of the supported highlighting languages and file formats with the command:

enscript --help-highlight

The highlighting rules are defined in the ‘/usr/local/share/enscript/hl/*.st’ files which can be edited to create highlighting definitions for new languages.

Note! You can not use your own input filters with this option.

-f name, --font=name
  Select a font that is used for the body text. The default body font is Courier10, unless multicolumn landscape printing mode is selected, in which case the default font is Courier7.

The font specification name contains two parts: the name of the font and its size in PostScript points. For example, "Times-Roman12" selects the "Times-Roman" font with size 12pt.

The font specification name can also be given in format ‘name@ptsize’, where the name of the font and its point size are separated by a ‘@’ character. This allows enscript to use fonts which contain digit characters in their names.

The font point size can also be given in the format width/height where the width and the height specify the size of the font in x- and y-directions. For example, "Times-Roman@10/12" selects a 10 points wide and 12 points high "Times-Roman" font.

You can also give the font sizes as decimal numbers. For example, "Times-Roman10.2" selects a 10.2pt "Times-Roman" font.

-F name, --header-font=name
  Select a font for the header texts.
-g, --print-anyway
  Print a file even if it contains binary data. The option is implemented only for compatibility purposes. Enscript prints binary files anyway regardless of the option.
-G, --fancy-header[=name]
  Print a fancy page header name to the top of each page. The option -G specifies the default fancy header. See section CONFIGURATION FILES to see how the default fancy header can be changed.
-h, --no-job-header
  Suppress printing of the job header page.
-H[num], --highlight-bars[=num]
  Specify how high the highlight bars are in lines. If the num is not given, the default value 2 is used. As a default, no highlight bars are printed.
-i num, --indent=num
  Indent every line num characters. The indentation can also be specified in other units by appending an unit specifier after the number. The possible unit specifiers and the corresponding units are:
c centimeters
i inches
l characters (default)
p PostScript points
-I filter, --filter=filter
  Read all input files through an input filter filter. The input filter can be a single command or a command pipeline. The filter can refer to the name of the input file with the escape ‘%s’. The name of the standard input can be changed with the option ‘--filter-stdin’.

For example, the following command prints the file ‘foo.c’ by using only upper-case characters:

enscript --filter= cat %s | tr ’a-z’ ’A-Z’ foo.c

The following command highlights changes which are made to files since the last checkout:

enscript --filter= rcsdiff %s | diffpp %s -e *.c

To include the string "%s" to the filter command, you must write it as "%%s".

-j, --borders
  Print borders around columns.
-J title An alias for the option -t, --title.
-k, --page-prefeed
  Enable page prefeed.
-K, --no-page-prefeed
  Disable page prefeed (default).
-l, --lineprinter
  Emulate lineprinter. This option is a shortcut for the options --lines-per-page=66, and --no-header.
-L num, --lines-per-page=num
  Print only num lines for each page. As a default, the number of lines per page is computed from the height of the page and from the size of the font.
-m, --mail Send a mail notification to user after the print job has been completed.
-M name, --media=name
  Select an output media name. Enscript’s default output media is Letter.
-n num, --copies=num
  Print num copies of each page.
-N nl, --newline=nl
  Select the newline character. The possible values for nl are: n (unix newline, 0xa hex) and r (mac newline, 0xd hex).
-o file An alias for the option -p, --output.
-O, --missing-characters
  Print a listing of character codes which couldn’t be printed.
-p file, --output=file
  Leave the output to file file. If the file is ‘-’, enscript sends the output to the standard output stdout.
-P name, --printer=name
  Spool the output to the printer name.
-q, --quiet, --silent
  Make enscript really quiet. Only fatal error messages are printed to stderr.
-r, --landscape
  Print in the landscape mode; rotate page 90 degrees.
-R, --portrait
  Print in the portrait mode (default).
-s num, --baselineskip=num
  Specify the baseline skip in PostScript points. The number num can be given as a decimal number. When enscript moves from line to line, the current point y coordinate is moved (font point size + baselineskip) points down. The default baseline skip is 1.
-S key[:value], --statusdict=key[:value]
  Pass a statusdict definition to the generated PostScript output. If no value is given, the key key is removed from the definitions.

The statusdict operators are implementation dependent; see the printer’s documentation for the details.

For example, the command

enscript -Ssetpapertray:1 foo.txt

prints the file foo.txt by using paper from the paper tray 1 (assuming that the printer supports paper tray selection).

-t title, --title=title
  Set banner page’s job title to title. The option sets also the name of the input file stdin.
-T num, --tabsize=num
  Set the tabulator size to num characters. The default is 8.
-u[text], --underlay[=text]
  Print the string text under every page. The properties of the text can be changed with the options --ul-angle, --ul-font, --ul-gray, --ul-position, and --ul-style.

If no text is given, the underlay is not printed. This can be used to remove an underlay text that was specified with the ‘Underlay’ configuration file option.

-U num, --nup=num
  Print num logical pages on each output page (N-up printing). The values num must be a power of 2.
-v, --verbose[=level]
  Tell what enscript is doing.
-V, --version
  Print enscript version information and exit.
-w [lang], --language[=lang]
  Generate output for the language lang. The possible values for lang are:
PostScript
  generate PostScript (default)
html generate HTML
overstrike
  generate overstrikes (line printers, less)
rtf generate RTF (Rich Text Format)
ansi generate ANSI terminal control codes
-X name, --encoding=name
  Use the input encoding name. Currently enscript supports the following encodings:
88591, latin1
  ISO-8859-1 (ISO Latin1) (enscript’s default encoding).
88592, latin2
  ISO-8859-2 (ISO Latin2)
88593, latin3
  ISO-8859-3 (ISO Latin3)
88594, latin4
  ISO-8859-4 (ISO Latin4)
88595, cyrillic
  ISO-8859-5 (ISO Cyrillic)
88597, greek
  ISO-8859-7 (ISO Greek)
88599, latin5
  ISO-8859-9 (ISO Latin5)
885910, latin6
  ISO-8859-10 (ISO Latin6)
ascii 7-bit ascii
asciifise, asciifi, asciise
  7-bit ascii with some scandinavian (Finland, Sweden) extensions
asciidkno, asciidk, asciino
  7-bit ascii with some scandinavian (Denmark, Norway) extensions
ibmpc, pc, dos
  IBM PC charset
mac Mac charset
vms VMS multinational charset
hp8 HP Roman-8 charset
koi8 Adobe Standard Cyrillic Font KOI8 charset
ps, PS PostScript font’s default encoding
pslatin1, ISOLatin1Encoding
  PostScript interpreter’s ‘ISOLatin1Encoding’
-z, --no-formfeed
  Turn off the form feed character interpretation.
-Z, --pass-through
  Pass through all PostScript and PCL files without any modifications. This allows that enscript can be used as a lp filter.

The PostScript files are recognized by looking up the ‘%!’ magic cookie from the beginning of the file. Note! Enscript recognized also the Windoze damaged ‘^D%!’ cookie.

The PCL files are recognized by looking up the ‘^[E’ or ‘^[%’ magic cookies from the beginning of the file.

--color[=bool]
  Use colors in the highlighting outputs.
--download-font=fontname
  Include the font description file (.pfa or .pfb file) of the font fontname to the generated output.
--extended-return-values
  Enable extended return values. As a default, enscript returns 1 on error and 0 otherwise. The extended return values give more details about the printing operation. See the section RETURN VALUE for the details.
--filter-stdin=name
  Specify how the stdin is shown to the input filter. The default value is an empty string ("") but some programs require that the stdin is called something else, usually "-".
--footer=footer
  Use the text footer as a page footer. Otherwise the option works like the --header option
--h-column-height=height
  Set the horizontal column height to be height PostScript points. The option sets the formfeed type to horizontal-columns.
--help Print a short help message and exit.
--help-highlight
  Describe all supported --highlight languages and file formats.
--highlight-bar-gray=gray
  Specify the gray level which is used in printing the highlight bars.
--list-media
  List the names of all known output media and exit successfully.
--margins=left:right:top:bottom
  Adjust the page marginals to be exactly left, right, top and bottom PostScript points. Any of the arguments can be left empty in which case the default value is used.
--mark-wrapped-lines[=style]
  Mark wrapped lines in the output with the style style. The possible values for the style are:
none do not mark them (default)
plus print a plus (+) character to the end of each wrapped line
box print a black box to the end of each wrapped line
arrow print a small arrow to the end of each wrapped line
--non-printable-format=format
  Specify how the non-printable characters are printed. The possible values for the format are:
caret caret notation: ‘^@’, ‘^A’, ‘^B’, ...
octal octal notation: ‘\000’, ‘\001’, ‘\002’, ... (default)
questionmark
  replace non-printable characters with a question mark ‘?’
space replace non-printable characters with a space ‘ ’
--nup-columnwise
  Change the layout of the sub-pages in the N-up printing from row-wise to columnwise.
--nup-xpad=num
  Set the page x-padding of the n-up printing to num PostScript points. The default is 10 points.
--nup-ypad=num
  Set the page y-padding of the n-up printing to num PostScript points. The default is 10 points.
--page-label-format=format
  Set the page label format to format. The page label format specifies how the labels for the ‘%%Page:’ PostScript comments are formatted. The possible values are:
short Print the current pagenumber: ‘%%Page: (1) 1’ (default)
long Print the current filename and pagenumber: ‘%%Page: (main.c: 1) 1’
--ps-level=level
  Set the PostScript language level that enscript uses for its output to level. The possible values are 1, and 2.
--printer-options=options
  Pass extra options to the printer command.
--rotate-even-pages
  Rotate each even-numbered page 180 degrees.
--slice=num
  Print the vertical slice num. The slices are vertical regions of input files. A new slice starts from the point where the line would otherwise be wrapped to the next line. The slice numbers start from 1.
--style=style
  Set the highlighting style to style. The possible values are: a2ps, emacs, emacs_verbose, ifh, and msvc.
--swap-even-page-margins
  Swap left and right page margins for even-numbered pages.
--toc Print a table of contents to the end of the output.
--word-wrap Wrap long lines from word boundaries.
--ul-angle=angle
  Set the angle of the underlay text to angle. As a default, the angle is atan(-d_page_h, d_page_w).
--ul-font=name
  Select a font for the underlay text. The default underlay font is Times-Roman200.
--ul-gray=num
  Print the underlay text with the gray value num (0 ... 1), the default gray value is .8.
--ul-position=position_spec
  Set the underlay text’s starting position according to the position_spec. The position specification must be given in format: ‘sign xpos sign ypos’, where the sign must be ‘+’ or ‘-’. The positive dimensions are measured from the lower left corner and the negative dimensions from the upper right corner. For example, the specification ‘+0-0’ specifies the upper left corner and ‘-0+0’ specifies the lower right corner.
--ul-style=style
  Set the underlay text’s style to style. The possible values for style are:
outline print outline underlay texts (default)
filled print filled underlay texts

CONFIGURATION FILES

Enscript reads configuration information from the following sources (in this order): command line options, environment variable ENSCRIPT, user’s personal configuration file ($HOME/.enscriptrc), site configuration file (/usr/local/etc/enscriptsite.cfg) and system’s global configuration file (/usr/local/etc/enscript.cfg).

The configuration files have the following format:

Empty lines and lines starting with ‘#’ are comments.

All other lines are option lines and have format:

option [arguments ...].

The following options can be specified:
AcceptCompositeCharacters: bool
  Specify whether PostScript font’s composite characters are accepted as printable or if they should be considered as non-existent. The default value is false (0).
AFMPath: path
  Specifies the search path for the AFM files.
AppendCtrlD: bool
  Specify if the Control-D (^D) character should be appended to the end of the output. The default value is false (0).
Clean7Bit: bool
  Specify how characters greater than 127 are printed. The valuee true (1) generates 7-bit clean code by escaping all characters greater than 127 to the backslash-octal notation (default). The value false (0) generates 8-bit PostScript code leaving all characters untouched.
DefaultEncoding: name
  Select the default input encoding. The encoding name name can be one of the values of the option -X, --encoding.
DefaultFancyHeader: name
  Select the default fancy header. The default header is used when the option -G is specified or the option --fancy-header is given without an argument. The system-wide default is ‘enscript’.
DefaultMedia: name
  Select the default output media.
DefaultOutputMethod: method
  Select the default target to which the generated output is sent. The possible values for the method are:
printer send output to printer (default)
stdout send output to stdout
DownloadFont: fontname
  Include the font description file of the font fontname to the generated output.
EscapeChar: num
  Specify the escape character for the special escapes. The default value is 0.
FormFeedType: type
  Specify what to do when a formfeed character is encountered from the input. The possible values for type are:
column move to the beginning of the next column (default)
page move to the beginning of the next page
GeneratePageSize: bool
  Specify whether the PageSize page device setting is generated to the PostScript output. The default value is true (1).
HighlightBarGray: gray
  Specify the gray level which is used to print the highlight bars.
HighlightBars: num
  Specify how high the highlight bars are in lines. The default value is 0 which means that no highlight bars are printed.
LibraryPath: path
  Specifies the enscript’s library path that is used to lookup various resources. The default path is: ‘/usr/local/share/enscript:home/.enscript’. Where the home is the user’s home directory.
MarkWrappedLines: style
  Mark wraped lines in the output with the style style. The possible values for the format are the same which can be given for the --mark-wrapped-lines option.
Media: name width height llx lly urx ury
  Add a new output media with the name name. The physical dimensions of the media are width and height. The bounding box of the Media is specified by the points (llx, lly) and (urx, ury). Enscript prints all graphics inside the bounding box of the media.

User can select this media with option -M name.

NoJobHeaderSwitch: switch
  Specify the spooler option to suppress the print job header page. This option is passed to the printer spooler when the enscript’s option -h, --no-job-header is selected.
NonPrintableFormat: format
  Specify how the non-printable characters are printed. The possible values for format are the same which can be given for the --non-printable-format option.
OutputFirstLine: line
  Set the PostScript output’s first line to line. The default value is PS-Adobe-3.0. Since some printers do not like DSC levels greater than 2.0, this option can be used to change the output first line to something more suitable like %!PS-Adobe-2.0 or %!.
PageLabelFormat: format
  Set the page label format to format. The possible values for format are the same which can be given for the --page-label-format option.
PagePrefeed: bool
  Enable / disable page prefeed. The default value is false (0).
PostScriptLevel: level
  Set the PostScript language level, that enscript uses for its output, to level. The possible values for level are the same which can be given for the --ps-level option.
Printer: name
  Names the printer to which the output is spooled.
QueueParam: name
  The spooler command switch to select the printer queue, e.g. -P in lpr -Pps. This option can also be used to pass other flags to the spooler command. These options must be given before the queue switch.
SetPageDevice: key[:value]
  Pass a page device definition to the generated PostScript output.
Spooler: name
  Names the printer spooler command. Enscript pipes generated PostScript to the command name.
StatesBinary: path
  Define an absolute path to the states program.
StatesColor: bool
  Should the states program generate color outputs.
StatesConfigFile: file
  Read highlighting states configuration from the file file. The default config file is ‘/usr/local/share/enscript/hl/enscript.st’.
StatesHighlightStyle: style
  Set the highlight style to style.
StatesPath: path
  Define the path for the states program. The states program will lookup its state definition files from this path. The default value is ‘$HOME/.enscript:/usr/local/share/enscript/hl’.
StatusDict: key[:value]
  Pass a statusdict definition to the generated PostScript output.
TOCFormat: format
  Format table of contents entries with the format string format. The format string format can contain the same escapes which are used to format header strings with the ‘%Format’ special comment.
Underlay: text
  Print string text under every page.
UnderlayAngle: num
  Set the angle of the underlay text to num.
UnderlayFont: fontspec
  Select a font for the underlay text.
UnderlayGray: num
  Print the underlay text with the gray value num.
UnderlayPosition: position_spec
  Set the underlay text’s starting position according to the position_spec.
UnderlayStyle: style
  Set the underlay text’s style to style.

FANCY HEADERS

Users can create their own fancy headers by creating a header description file and placing it in a directory which is in enscript’s library path. The name of the header file must be in format: ‘headername.hdr’. Header can be selected by giving option: --fancy-header=headername.

Header description file contains PostScript code that paints the header. Description file must provide procedure do_header which is called by enscript at the beginning of every page.

Header description file contains two parts: comments and code. Parts are separated by a line containing text:

% -- code follows this line --

Enscript copies only the code part of description file to the generated PostScript output. The comments part can contain any data, it is not copied. If separator line is missing, no data is copied to output.

Enscript defines following constants which can be used in header description files:
d_page_w page width
d_page_h page height
d_header_x header lower left x coordinate
d_header_y header lower left y coordinate
d_header_w header width
d_header_h header height
d_footer_x footer lower left x coordinate
d_footer_y footer lower left y coordinate
d_footer_w footer width
d_footer_h footer height
d_output_w width of the text output area
d_output_h height of the text output area
user_header_p predicate which tells if user has defined his/her own header string: true/false
user_header_left_str
  if user_header_p is true, this is the left field of the user supplied header string.
user_header_center_str
  if user_header_p is true, this is the center field of the user supplied header string
user_header_right_str
  if user_header_p is true, this is the right field of the user supplied header string
user_footer_p predicate which tells if user has defined his/her own footer string: true/false
user_footer_left_str
  if user_footer_p is true, this is the left field of the user supplied footer string.
user_footer_center_str
  if user_footer_p is true, this is the center field of the user supplied footer string
user_footer_right_str
  if user_footer_p is true, this is the right field of the user supplied footer string
HF standard header font (from -F, --header-font option). This can be selected simply by invoking command: ‘HF setfont’.
pagenum the number of the current page
fname the full name of the printed file (/foo/bar.c)
fdir the directory part of the file name (/foo)
ftail file name without the directory part (bar.c)
gs_languagelevel PostScript interpreter’s language level (currently 1 or 2)

You can also use the following special comments to customize your headers and to specify some extra options. Special comments are like DSC comments but they start with a single ‘%’ character; special comments start from the beginning of the line and they have the following syntax:

%commentname: options

Currently enscript support the following special comments:
%Format: name format
  Define a new string constant name according to the format string format. Format string start from the first non-space character and it ends to the end of the line. Format string can contain general ‘%’ escapes and input file related ‘$’ escapes. Currently following escapes are supported:
%% character ‘%’
$$ character ‘$’
$% current page number
$= number of pages in the current file
$p number of pages processed so far
$(VAR) value of the environment variable VAR.
%c trailing component of the current working directory
%C ($C) current time (file modification time) in ‘hh:mm:ss’ format
%d current working directory
%D ($D) current date (file modification date) in ‘yy-mm-dd’ format
%D{string} ($D{string})
  format string string with the strftime(3) function. ‘%D{}’ refers to the current date and ‘$D{}’ to the input file’s last modification date.
%E ($E) current date (file modification date) in ‘yy/mm/dd’ format
%F ($F) current date (file modification date) in ‘dd.mm.yyyy’ format
%H document title
$L number of lines in the current input file. This is valid only for the toc entries, it can’t be used in header strings.
%m the hostname up to the first ‘.’ character
%M the full hostname
%n the user login name
$n input file name without the directory part
%N the user’s pw_gecos field up to the first ‘,’ character
$N the full input file name
%t ($t) current time (file modification time) in 12-hour am/pm format
%T ($T) current time (file modification time) in 24-hour format ‘hh:mm’
%* ($*) current time (file modification time) in 24-hour format with seconds ‘hh:mm:ss’
$v the sequence number of the current input file
$V the sequence number of the current input file in the ‘Table of Contents’ format: if the --toc option is given, escape expands to ‘num-’; if the --toc is not given, escape expands to an empty string.
%W ($W) current date (file modification date) in ‘mm/dd/yy’ format

All format directives except ‘$=’ can also be given in format

escape width directive

where width specifies the width of the column to which the escape is printed. For example, escape "$5%" will expand to something like " 12". If the width is negative, the value will be printed left-justified.

For example, the ‘emacs.hdr’ defines its date string with the following format comment:

%Format: eurdatestr %E

which expands to:

/eurdatestr (96/01/08) def

%HeaderHeight: height
  Allocate height points space for the page header. The default header height is 36 points.
%FooterHeight: height
  Allocate height points space for the page footer. The default footer height is 0 points.

According to Adobe’s Document Structuring Conventions (DSC), all resources needed by a document must be listed in document’s prolog. Since user’s can create their own headers, enscript don’t know what resources those headers use. That’s why all headers must contain a standard DSC comment that lists all needed resources. For example, used fonts can be listed with following comment:

%%DocumentNeededResources: font fontname1 fontname2

Comment can be continued to the next line with the standard continuation comment:

%%+ font fontname3

SPECIAL ESCAPES

Enscript supports special escape sequences which can be used to add some page formatting commands to ASCII documents. As a default, special escapes interpretation is off, so all ASCII files print out as everyone expects. Special escapes interpretation is activated by giving option -e, --escapes to enscript.

All special escapes start with the escape character. The default escape character is ^@ (octal 000); escape character can be changed with option -e, --escapes. Escape character is followed by escape’s name and optional options and arguments.

Currently enscript supports following escapes:
bgcolor change the text background color. The syntax of the escape is:

^@bgcolor{red green blue}

where the color components red, green, and blue are given as decimal numbers between values 0 and 1.

bggray change the text background color. The syntax of the escape is:

^@bggray{gray}

where gray is the new text background gray value. The default value is 1.0 (white).

color change the text color. The syntax of the escape is:

^@color{red green blue}

where color components red, green and blue are given as decimal numbers between values 0 and 1.

comment comment the rest of the line including the newline character. Escape’s syntax is:

^@comment text newline_character

escape change the escape character. The syntax of the escape is:

^@escape{code}

where code is the decimal code of the new escape character.

epsf inline EPS file to the document. The syntax of the escape is:

^@epsf[options]{filename}

where options is an optional sequence of option characters and values enclosed with brackets and filename is the name of the EPS file.

If filename ends to the ‘|’ character, then filename is assumed to name a command that prints EPS data to its standard output. In this case, enscript opens a pipe to the specified command and reads EPS data from pipe.

Following options can be given for the epsf escape:
c print image centered
r print image right justified
n do not update current point. Following output is printed to that position where the current point was just before the epsf escape
nx do not update current point x coordinate
ny do not update current point y coordinate
xnum move image’s top left x coordinate num characters from current point x coordinate (relative position)
xnuma set image’s top left x coordinate to column num (absolute position)
ynum move image’s top left y coordinate num lines from current line (relative position)
ynuma set image’s top left y coordinate to line num (absolute position)
hnum set image’s height to num lines
snum scale image with factor num
sxnum scale image in x direction with factor num
synum scale image in y direction with factor num
As a default, all dimensions are given in lines (vertical) and characters (horizontal). You can also specify other units by appending an unit specifier after number. Possible unit specifiers and the corresponding units are:
c centimeters
i inches
l lines or characters (default)
p PostScript points
For example to print an image one inch high, you can specify height by following options: h1i (1 inch), h2.54c (2.54 cm), h72p (72 points).

font select current font. The syntax of the escape is:

^@font{fontname[:encoding]}

where fontname is a standard font specification. Special font specification default can be used to select the default body font (enscript’s default or the one specified by the command line option -f, --font).

The optional argument encoding specifies the encoding that should be used for the new font. Currently the encoding can only be the enscript’s global input encoding or ps.

ps include raw PostScript code to the output. The syntax of the escape is:

^@ps{code}

shade highlight regions of text by changing the text background color. Escape’s syntax is:

^@shade{gray}

where gray is the new text background gray value. The default value is 1.0 (white) which disables highlighting.

PAGE DEVICE OPTIONS

Page device is a PostScript level 2 feature that offers an uniform interface to control printer’s output device. Enscript protects all page device options inside an if block so they have no effect in level 1 interpreters. Although all level 2 interpreters support page device, they do not have to support all page device options. For example some printers can print in duplex mode and some can not. Refer to the documentation of your printer for supported options.

Here are some usable page device options which can be selected with the -D, --setpagedevice option. For a complete listing, see PostScript Language Reference Manual: section 4.11 Device Setup.
Collate boolean
  how output is organized when printing multiple copies
Duplex boolean
  duplex (two side) printing
ManualFeed boolean
  manual feed paper tray
OutputFaceUp boolean
  print output ‘face up’ or ‘face down’
Tumble boolean
  how opposite sides are positioned in duplex printing

PRINTING EXAMPLES

Following printing examples assume that enscript uses the default configuration. If default actions have been changed from the configuration files, some examples will behave differently.
enscript foo.txt
  Print file foo.txt to the default printer.
enscript -Possu foo.txt
  Print file foo.txt to printer ossu.
enscript -pfoo.ps foo.txt
  Print file foo.txt, but leave PostScript output to file foo.ps.
enscript -2 foo.txt
  Print file foo.txt to two columns.
enscript -2r foo.txt
  Print file to two columns and rotate output 90 degrees (landscape).
enscript -DDuplex:true foo.txt
  Print file in duplex (two side) mode (printer dependent).
enscript -G2rE -U2 foo.c
  My default code printing command: gaudy header, two columns, landscape, code highlighting, 2-up printing.
enscript -E --color -whtml --toc -pfoo.html *.h *.c
  A nice HTML report of your project’s C source files.

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

The environment variable ENSCRIPT can be used to pass default options for enscript. For example, to select the default body font to be Times-Roman 7pt, set the following value to the ENSCRIPT environment variable:
-fTimes-Roman7

The value of the ENSCRIPT variable is processed before the command line options, so command line options can be used to overwrite these defaults.

Variable ENSCRIPT_LIBRARY specifies the enscript’s library directory. It can be used to overwrite the build-in default ‘/usr/local/share/enscript’.

RETURN VALUE

Enscript returns value 1 to the shell if any errors were encountered or 0 otherwise. If the option --extended-return-values was specified, the return value is constructed from the following flags:
0 no errors or warnings
2 some lines were truncated or wrapped
4 some characters were missing from the used fonts
8 some characters were unprintable

FILES


/usr/local/share/enscript/*.hdr         header files
/usr/local/share/enscript/*.enc         input encoding vectors
/usr/local/share/enscript/enscript.pro  PostScript prolog
/usr/local/share/enscript/afm/*.afm     AFM files for PostScript fonts
/usr/local/share/enscript/font.map      index for the AFM files
/usr/local/share/enscript/hl/*.st       states definition files
/usr/local/etc/enscript.cfg             system-wide configuration file
/usr/local/etc/enscriptsite.cfg         site configuration file
~/.enscriptrc                           personal configuration file
~/.enscript/                            personal resource directory

SEE ALSO

diffpp(1), ghostview(1), gs(1), lpq(1), lpr(1), lprm(1), states(1)

AUTHOR

Markku Rossi <mtr@iki.fi> <http://www.iki.fi/~mtr/>

GNU Enscript WWW home page: <http://www.iki.fi/~mtr/genscript/>

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ENSCRIPT ENSCRIPT (1) Mar 12, 1999

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