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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  FFMPEG2THEORA (1)

NAME

ffmpeg2theora - command-line converter to create Ogg Theora and Ogg Vorbis files.

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Options
     General output options:
     Video output options:
     Video transfer options:
     Audio output options:
     Input options:
     Subtitles options:
     Metadata options:
     Other options:
Examples
Author

SYNOPSIS

ffmpeg2theora [options] inputfile

DESCRIPTION

This manual page documents briefly the ffmpeg2theora command.

ffmpeg2theora is a program that converts any media file that ffmpeg can decode to Ogg Theora for video and Ogg Vorbis for audio.

OPTIONS

To read from standard input, specify ‘-’ as the input filename.

These programs follow the usual GNU command line syntax, with long options starting with two dashes (‘-’). A summary of options is included below.

    General output options:

-o, --output
  Specify the output filename. If no output filename is specified, output will be written to inputfile.ogv. To output to standard output, specify /dev/stdout as the output file.
--no-skeleton
  Disables Ogg Skeleton metadata output.
--seek-index
  Enables keyframe index in skeleton track.
-s, --starttime
  Start encoding at this time (in seconds).
-e, --endtime
  End encoding at this time (in seconds).
-p, --preset
  Encode file with v2v preset. Right now, there is preview, pro and videobin. Run “ffmpeg2theora -p info” for more information.

    Video output options:

-v, --videoquality
  [0 to 10] Set encoding quality for video (default: 6).
use higher values for better quality
-V, --videobitrate
  Set encoding bitrate for video (in kb/s).
--soft-target
  Use a large reservoir and treat the rate as a soft target; rate control is less strict but resulting quality is usually higher/smoother overall. Soft target also allows an optional -v setting to specify a minimum allowed quality.
--two-pass
  Compress input using two-pass rate control. This option requires that the input to the to the encoder is seekable and performs both passes automatically.
--first-pass <filename>
  Perform first-pass of a two-pass rate controlled encoding, saving pass data to <filename> for a later second pass
--second-pass <filename>
  Perform second-pass of a two-pass rate controlled encoding, reading first-pass data from <filename>. The first pass data must come from a first encoding pass using identical input video to work properly.

--optimize
  Optimize output Theora video, using a full search for motion vectors instead of a hierarchical one. This can reduce video bitrate about 5%, but it is slower and therefore is disabled by default.
--speedlevel
  encoding is faster with higher values the cost is quality and bandwidth (default 1) available values depend on the version of libtheora check ffmpeg2theora --help for supported values.
-x, --width
  Scale to given width (in pixels).
-y, --height
  Scale to given height (in pixels).
--aspect
  Define frame aspect ratio (e.g. 4:3, 16:9).
--pixel-aspect
  Define pixel aspect ratio (e.g. 1:1, 4:3).
-F, --framerate
  output framerate e.g 25:2 or 16
--croptop, --cropbottom, --cropleft, --cropright
  Crop input by given pixels before resizing.
-K, --keyint
  [8 to 2147483647] Set keyframe interval (default: 64).
-d, --buf-delay
  Buffer delay (in frames). Longer delays allow smoother rate adaptation and provide better overall quality, but require more client side buffering and add latency. The default value is the keyframe interval for one-pass encoding (or somewhat larger if --soft-target is used) and infinite for two-pass encoding. (only works in bitrate mode)
--no-upscaling
  only scale video or resample audio if input is bigger than provided parameter

    Video transfer options:

--pp Video Postprocessing, denoise, deblock, deinterlacer use --pp help for a list of available filters.
-C, --contrast
  [0.1 to 10.0] contrast correction (default: 1.0). Note: lower values make the video darker.
-B, --brightness
  [-1.0 to 1.0] brightness correction (default: 0.0). Note: lower values make the video darker.
-G, --gamma
  [0.1 to 10.0] gamma correction (default: 1.0). Note: lower values make the video darker.
-P, --saturation
  [0.1 to 10.0] saturation correction (default: 1.0). Note: lower values make the video grey.

    Audio output options:

-a, --audioquality
  [-2 to 10] Set encoding quality for audio (default: 1).
use higher values for better quality
-A, --audiobitrate
  [32 to 500] Set encoding bitrate for audio (in kb/s).
-c, --channels
  Set number of output channels.
-H, --samplerate
  Set output samplerate (in Hz).

    Input options:

--noaudio
  Disable audio from input.
--novideo
  Disable video from input.
--deinterlace
  Force deinterlace. Otherwise only material marked as interlaced will be deinterlaced.
--no-deinterlace
  Force deinterlace off.
--vhook you can use ffmpeg’s vhook system, example:
ffmpeg2theora --vhook ’/path/watermark.so -f wm.gif’ input.dv
-f, --format
  Specify input format.
--inputfps
  Override input fps.
--audiostream id
  By default the first audio stream is selected, use this to select another audio stream.
--videostream id
  By default the first video stream is selected, use this to select another audio stream.
--sync Use A/V sync from input container. Since this does not work with all input format you have to manualy enable it if you have issues with A/V sync.

    Subtitles options:

--subtitles
  Encode subtitles from the given file to a multiplexed Kate stream. The input file should be in SubRip (.srt) format, encoded in UTF-8, unless the --subtitles-encoding option is also given.
--subtitles-encoding encoding
  Assumes the corresponding subtitles file is encoded in the given encoding. If ffmpeg2theora was built with iconv support, all encodings supported by iconv may be used. Otherwise, UTF-8 and ISO-8859-1 (aka latin1) are supported. The default is UTF-8.
--subtitles-language language
  Sets the language of the corresponding subtitles stream. This will be set in the corresponding Kate stream so a video player may make this available to the user for language selection. Language is an ISO 639-1 or RFC 3066 ASCII string and is limited to 15 characters.
--subtitles-category category
  Sets the category of the corresponding subtitles stream. This will be set in the corresponding Kate stream so a video player may make this available to the user for selection. The default category is "subtitles". Suggested other categories may include "transcript", "commentary", "lyrics", etc. Category is an ASCII string and is limited to 15 characters
--subtitles-ignore-non-utf8
  When reading an UTF-8 subtitles text file, any invalid UTF-8 sequence will be ignored. This may be useful if there are stray sequences in an otherwise UTF-8 file. Note that, since those invalid sequences will be removed from the output, this option is not a substitute to converting a non UTF-8 file to UTF-8.
--nosubtitles
  Disables subtitles from input. Note that subtitles explicitely loaded from external files will still be used.
--subtitle-types
  Selects which subtitle types to include from the input file. Allowed types are: none, all, text, spu (spu being the image based subtitles found on DVD). By default, only text based subtitles will be included. Note that subtitles explicitely loaded from external files will still be used.

    Metadata options:

--artist
  Name of artist (director).
--title Title.
--date Date.
--location
  Location.
--organization
  Name of organization (studio).
--copyright
  Copyright.
--license
  License.
--contact
  Contact link.
--nometadata
  disables metadata from input
--no-oshash
  do not include oshash of source file(SOURCE_OSHASH)

    Keyframe indexing options:

--index-interval <n>
  set minimum distance between indexed keyframes to <n> ms (default: 2000)
--theora-index-reserve <n>
  reserve <n> bytes for theora keyframe index
--vorbis-index-reserve <n>
  reserve <n> bytes for vorbis keyframe index
--kate-index-reserve <n>
  reserve <n> bytes for kate keyframe index

    Other options:

--nice n
  Set niceness to n.
-h, --help Output a help message.
--info Output json info about input file, use -o to save json to file.
--frontend
  print status information in json, one json dict per line

EXAMPLES

Encode Videos:
ffmpeg2theora videoclip.avi (will write output to videoclip.ogv)

cat something.dv | ffmpeg2theora -f dv -o output.ogv -

Encode a series of images:
ffmpeg2theora frame%06d.png -o output.ogv

Live streaming from V4L Device:
ffmpeg2theora --no-skeleton /dev/video0 -f video4linux \
--inputfps 15 -x 160 -y 128 \
-o - | oggfwd icast2server 8000 password /theora.ogv

(you might have to use video4linux2 depending on your hardware)
Live encoding from a DV camcorder (needs a fast machine):
dvgrab - | ffmpeg2theora -f dv -x 352 -y 288 -o output.ogv -0

Live encoding and streaming to icecast server:
dvgrab --format raw - \
| ffmpeg2theora --no-skeleton -f dv -x 160 -y 128 -o /dev/stdout - \
| oggfwd icast2server 8000 password /theora.ogv

AUTHOR

ffmpeg2theora was written by jan gerber <j@v2v.cc>.

This manual page was written by Hubert Chan <hubert@uhoreg.ca>, for the Debian project (but may be used by others).

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--> FFMPEG2THEORA (1) May 14, 2010

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