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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  FLOW6 (1)

NAME

flow6 - A security assessment tool for the IPv6 Flow Label field

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Options
Examples
Author
Copyright

SYNOPSIS

flow6 [-i INTERFACE] -d DST_ADDR [-S LINK_SRC_ADDR] [-D LINK_DST_ADDR] [-s SRC_ADDR[/LEN]] [-A HOP_LIMIT] [-P PROTOCOL] [-p PORT] [-W] [-v] [-h]

DESCRIPTION

flow6 performs a security assessment of the Flow Label generation policy of a target node. It is part of the SI6 Networks’ IPv6 Toolkit: a security assessment suite for the IPv6 protocols.

flow6 sends a number of probe packets to the target node, and samples the Flow Label values of the corresponding response packets. Based on the sampled values, it tries to infer the Flow Label generation policy of the target.

The tool will first send a number of probe packets from single IPv6 address, such that the per-destination policy is determined. The tool will then send probe packets from random IPv6 addresses (from the same prefix as the first probes) such that the "global" Flow Label generation policy can be determined.

The tool computes the expected value and the standard deviation of the difference between consecutive-sampled Flow Label values (Labeln - Labeln-1) with the intent of inferring the Flow Label generation algorithm of the target node.

If the standard deviation of [Labeln - Labeln-1] is 0, the Flow Label is assumed to be set to a constant value, and the corresponding value is informed to the user. For small values of the standard deviation, the Flow Label is assumed to be a monotonically-increasing function with increments of the "expected value", and such "expected value" together with the standard deviation, are informed to the user. For large values of the standard deviation, the Flow Label is assumed to be randomized, and the expected value and standard deviation are informed to the user, as indicators of the "quality" of the Flow Label generation algorithm.

OPTIONS

flow6 takes it parameters as command-line options. Each of the options can be specified with a short name (one character preceded with the hyphen character, as e.g. "-i") or with a long name (a string preceded with two hyphen characters, as e.g. "--interface").

-i INTERFACE, --interface INTERFACE
  This option specifies the network interface that the tool will use. If the destination address ("-d" option) is a link-local address, the interface must be explicitly specified. The interface may also be specified alon with a destination address, with the "-d" option.

-s SRC_ADDR, --src-address SRC_ADDR
 

This option specifies the IPv6 source address (or IPv6 prefix) to be used for the Source Address of the probe packets. If an IPv6 prefix is specified, the IPv6 Source Address of the ICMPv6 packets will be randomized from that prefix.

-d DST_ADDR, --dst-address DST_ADDR
 

This option specifies the IPv6 Destination Address of the target node. This option cannot be left unspecified.

-A HOP_LIMIT, --hop-limit HOP_LIMIT
 

This option specifies the Hop Limit to be used for the IPv6 packets. By default, the Hop Limit is randomized.

-S SRC_LINK_ADDR, --src-link-address SRC_LINK_ADDR
 

This option specifies the link-layer Source Address of the probe packets (currently, only Ethernet is supported). If left unspecified, the link-layer Source Address of the packets is set to the real link-layer address of the network interface.

-D DST_LINK_ADDR, --dst-link-address DST_LINK_ADDR
 

This option specifies the link-layer Destination Address of the probe packets (currently, only Ethernet is supported). By default, the link-layer Destination Address is automatically set to the link-layer address of the destination host (for on-link destinations) or to the link-layer address of the first-hop router.

-P PROTOCOL, --protocol PROTOCOL
 

This option specifies the protocol type of the probe packets. Currently, both "UDP" and "TCP" are supported. If this option is left unspecified, the protocol type defaults to "TCP".

-p PORT, --dst-port PORT
 

This option specifies the Destination Port of the probe packets. If left unspecified, the Destination Port defaults to "80" when the IPv6 payload is TCP, and to 53 if the IPv6 payload is UDP.

Note: Since it is vital for the tool to receive response packets to be able to infer the Flow Label algorithm of the target, the protocol type and Destination Port should be carefully selected (i.e., the corresponding protocol and Destination Port should not be filter, and the target should respond to packets sent to that protocol/port).

-W, --flow-label-policy
  This option instructs the tool to determine the Flow Label generation policy. As of this version of the tool, this option must be specified.

-v, --verbose
 

This option instructs the flow6 tool to be verbose. If this option is set twice, the tool is "very verbose", and outputs the sampled Flow Label values (in addition to other information).

-h, --help

Print help information for the flow6 tool.

EXAMPLES

The following sections illustrate typical use cases of the flow6 tool.

Example #1

# flow6 -i eth0 --flow-label-policy -d fe80::1 -v

Assess the Flow Label generation policy of the host "fe80::1", using the network interface "eth0". Probe packets are TCP segments directed to port 80 (default). Be verbose. In this example, since the IPv6 destination address is a link-local address, the network interface ccard must be explicitly specified.

Example #2

# flow6 -d 2001:db8::1 --flow-label-policy -P TCP -p 22 -vv

Assess the Flow Label generation policy of the host "2001:db8::1". Probe packets are TCP segments directed to port 22. Be very verbose (i.e., list the sampled Flow Label values).

AUTHOR

The flow6 tool and the corresponding manual pages were produced by Fernando Gont <fgont@si6networks.com> for SI6 Networks <http://www.si6networks.com>.

COPYRIGHT

Copyright (c) 2011-2013 Fernando Gont.

Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.3 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is available at <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/fdl.html>.

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