To set a value that applies to all AFS files manipulated by applications
running on the machine, use the -allfiles argument. This value is
termed the default store asynchrony for the machine, and persists until
the machine reboots. If it is not set, the default value is zero,
indicating that the Cache Manager performs synchronous writes.
As an example, the following setting means that when an application closes a file, the Cache Manager can return control to the application as soon as no more than 10 kilobytes of the file remain to be written to the File Server.
To set a value that applies to one or more individual files, and overrides
the value of the -allfiles argument for them, combine the -kbytes
and -files arguments. The setting persists as long as there is an entry
for the file in the kernel table that the Cache Manager uses to track
certain information about files. In general, such an entry persists at
least until an application closes the file or exits, but the Cache Manager
is free to recycle the entry if the file is inactive and it needs to free
up slots in the table. To increase the certainty that there is an entry
for the file in the table, issue the fs storebehind command shortly
before closing the file.
As an example, the following setting means that when an application closes either of the files bigfile and biggerfile, the Cache Manager can return control to the application as soon as no more than a megabyte of the file remains to be written to the File Server.
Note that once an explicit value has been set for a file, the only way to make it subject to the default store asynchrony once again is to set -kbytes to that value. In other words, there is no combination of arguments that automatically makes a file subject to the default store asynchrony once another value has been set for the file.
For the following reasons, use of this command is not recommended in most cases.
In normal circumstances, an asynchronous setting results in the Cache Manager returning control to applications earlier than it otherwise does, but this is not guaranteed.
If a delayed write fails, there is no way to notify the application, since the close() system call has already returned with a code indicating success.
Writing asynchronously increases the possibility that the user will not notice if a write operation makes the volume that houses the file exceed its quota. As always, the portion of the file that exceeds the volumes quota is lost, which prompts a message such as the following:
No space left on device
To avoid losing data, it is advisable to verify that the volume housing the file has space available for the amount of data anticipated to be written.
-kbytes <asynchrony for specified names> Specifies the number of kilobytes of data from each file named by the -files argument that can remain to be written to the file server when the Cache Manager returns control to an application program that closed the file. The -files argument is required along with this argument. Provide an integer from the range 0 (which reinstates the Cache Managers default behavior or writing synchronously) to the maximum AFS file size. -files <specific pathnames>+ Names each file to which the value set with the -kbytes argument applies. The setting persists as long as there is an entry for the file in the kernel table that the Cache Manager uses to track certain information about files. Because closing a file generally erases the entry, when reopening a file the only way to guarantee that the setting still applies is to reissue the command. If this argument is provided without the -kbytes argument, the command reports the current setting for the specified files, and the default store asynchrony. -allfiles <new default (KB)> Sets the default store asynchrony for the local machine, which is the number of kilobytes of data that can remain to be written to the file server when the Cache Manager returns control to the application program that closed a file. The value applies to all AFS files manipulated by applications running on the machine, except those for which settings have been made with the -kbytes and -files arguments. Provide an integer from the range 0 (which indicates the default of synchronous writes) to the maximum AFS file size. -verbose Produces output confirming the settings made with the accompanying -kbytes and -files arguments, the -allfiles argument, or all three. If provided by itself, reports the current default store asynchrony. -help Prints the online help for this command. All other valid options are ignored.
If none of the commands options are included, or if only the -verbose flag is included, the following message reports the default store asynchrony (the setting that applies to all files manipulated by applications running on the local machine and for which not more specific asynchrony is set).
Default store asynchrony is <x> kbytes.
A value of 0 (zero) indicates synchronous writes and is the default if no one has included the -allfiles argument on this command since the machine last rebooted.
If the -files argument is provided without the -kbytes argument, the output reports the value that applies to each specified file along with the default store asynchrony. If a particular value has previously been set for a file, the following message reports it:
Will store up to <y> kbytes of <file> asynchronously. Default store asynchrony is <x> kbytes.
If the default store asynchrony applies to a file because no explicit -kbytes value has been set for it, the message is instead as follows:
Will store <file> according to default. Default store asynchrony is <x> kbytes.
If the -verbose flag is combined with arguments that set values (-files and -kbytes, or -allfiles, or all three), there is a message that confirms immediately that the setting has taken effect. When included without other arguments or flags, the -verbose flag reports the default store asynchrony only.
The following command enables the Cache Manager to return control to the application program that closed the file test.data when 100 kilobytes still remain to be written to the File Server. The -verbose flag produces output that confirms the new setting, and that the default store asynchrony is zero.
% fs storebehind -kbytes 100 -files test.data -verbose Will store up to 100 kbytes of test.data asynchronously. Default store asynchrony is 0 kbytes.
To include the -allfiles argument, the issuer must be logged in as the local superuser root.
To include the -kbytes and -files arguments, the issuer must either be logged in as the local superuser root or have the w (write) permission on the ACL of each files directory.
To view the current settings (by including no arguments, the -file argument alone, or the -verbose argument alone), no privilege is required.
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