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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  FTOK (1)

NAME

ftok - calculate System V IPC keys using the ftok(3) library function

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Options
Exit Codes
Caveats
Author

SYNOPSIS

ftok [ OPTION ] FILENAME ID

DESCRIPTION

Calculate a System V IPC key from the given FILENAME and ID using the ftok(3) library function, and print the result to standard output. If not otherwise specified, the key is printed in hexadecimal format, with a 0x prefix.

FILENAME
  The name of an existing file. This does not need to be a regular file, directories and special files should work, too.
ID A number between (including) 0 and 255.
If shmcat has been compiled without getopt_long(3) support, only the short, one character OPTIONs can be used. Otherwise the long ones are also available.

OPTIONS

-d, --decimal
  Print the result in decimal format, without any prefix.
-h, -?, --help
  Display usage information and quit without further action.
-o, --octal
  Print the result in octal format and use a leading zero (0) as prefix.
-V, --version
  Show version information and quit.

EXIT CODES

0 No errors, the key was calculated and printed
1 There was an error calculating or printing the key
10 Wrong usage of the program

CAVEATS

The ftok(1) utility has the same limitations as the ftok(3) library function. That means, there is no guarantee that the resulting key is unique.

On Linux, passing 0 as the ID (second parameter) to the ftok(3) function seems to work, but this behavior is unspecified. The ftok(1) tool accepts 0 as an ID and leaves it to the library implementation on what to do with that.

AUTHOR

Stefan Gast

SEE ALSO

ipcs(1), shmcat(1), ftok(3)
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ftok(1) FTOK (1) September 2012

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