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Manual Reference Pages  -  GETX10 (1)


getx10 - get RLE images to an X display


See Also


getx10 [ -{bB} ] [ -{cwW} ] [ -D ] [ -f ] [ -m ] [ -p ] [ -z ] [ -= window_geometry ] [ -d display ] [ -{iI} image_gamma ] [ -g display_gamma ] [ -l levels ] [ infile ]


This program displays an RLE(5) file on an X Version 10 display. It uses a dithering technique to take a full-color or gray scale image into the limited number of colors typically available under X. Its default behavior is to try to display the image in color with as many brightness levels as possible (except on a one bit deep display), options are provided to limit the number of levels or to force black and white display. Several getx10 processes running simultaneously with the same color resolution will share color map entries.

Other options allow control over the gamma, or contrast, of the image. The dithering process assumes that the incoming image has a gamma of 1.0 (i.e., a 200 in the input represents an intensity twice that of a 100.) If this is not the case, the input values must be adjusted before dithering via the -i or -I option. The input file may also specify the gamma of the image via a picture comment (see below). The output display is assumed to have a gamma of 2.5 (standard for color TV monitors). This may be modified via the -g option if a display with a different gamma is used.

Getx10 uses the standard X window creation procedure to create a window with a location and size specified by the user, with the restriction that the window must be at least as large as the input image. If the window is turned into an icon, a smaller version of the image will be displayed in the icon. A shifted mouse click on either the window or icon will cause the image to be removed.


-b After displaying the image in a window, getx10 will attempt to set your "root" window background tiling pattern to the image. There are some strict limitations on image size for this to work (at least in X10). A color or gray-scale image must be smaller than 256x256, and a black and white (-W) image smaller than about 720x720. If the image is larger than this, a strip from the top of the image will be displayed in the background. Note that if you kill the getx10 window, the color map entries will not be protected; any other program that asks for a color map entry will likely get one that is being used by the background image.
-B Loads the image into the background as above, but does not display it in a window. Getx10 exits after loading the background, leaving the color map unprotected, as above.
-c This flag suppresses all dithering, and causes getx10 to load the color map in the image file directly into the display. Channel 0 of the image will be treated as a set of indices into the color map. If there are not enough color map entries available in the display, as many as fit will be loaded and all other "colors" will be mapped to black. The picture comment color_map_length=maplen can be used to specify the exact number of relevant color map entries.
-D "Debug mode". The operations in the input RLE(5) file will be printed as they are read.
-f Normally, getx10 will fork itself after putting the image on the screen, so that the parent process may return the shell, leaving an "invisible" child to keep the image refreshed. If -f is specified, getx10 will not exit to the shell until the image is removed.
-m Just loads the color map. This may be suitable for fixing up the color map used by the root background.
-p Getx10 tries to copy the image to an off-screen pixmap for quick refresh. On some displays, this will fail if no off-screen memory is available. The image will disappear shortly after it is completed when this happens. You should specify -p to prevent the attempt to use a pixmap.
-w This flag forces getx10 to produce a gray scale dithered image instead of a color image. Color input will be transformed to black and white via the NTSC Y transform. On a low color resolution display (a display with only 4 bits, for example), this will produce a much smoother looking image than color dithering. It may be used in conjunction with -l to produce an image with a specified number of gray levels.
-W This flag forces getx10 to display the image as a black and white bitmap image. This is the only mode available on monochrome (non gray scale) displays (and is the default there). Black pixels will be displayed with pixel value 0 and white with pixel value 1 (note that these may not be black and white on certain displays, or if they have been modified with xset.)
-z This flag creates a zoom window for the image. The new window is created by the standard X window creation process. The mouse can be used in the image window to select the area to zoom. Pressing any button will reset the center of the zoom window to be the selected pixel. A clickdrag in the image window will resize the zoom window to enclose the selected region. Pressing the left button in the zoom window will decrease the zoom factor, but will keep the same number of pixels zoomed. The right button increases the zoom factor. If the middle button is pressed in the zoom window, position information will be printed for the selected zoom pixel. Note that the info will be printed only if -f is given with the -z option. One may also resize the zoom window to change the number of pixels that are zoomed.
-d display
  Give the name of the X display to display the image on. Defaults to the value of the environment variable DISPLAY.
-= window_geometry
  Specify the geometry of the window in which the image will be displayed. This is useful mostly for giving the location of the window, as the size of the window will be at least as large as the size of the image. The window_geometry specification need not begin with an "=" sign.
-i image_gamma
  Specify the gamma (contrast) of the image. A low contrast image, suited for direct display without compensation on a high contrast monitor (as most monitors are) will have a gamma of less than one. The default image gamma is 1.0. Image gamma may also be specified by a picture comment in the RLE (5) file of the form image_gamma=gamma. The command line argument will override the value in the file if specified.
-I image_gamma
  An alternate method of specifying the image gamma, the number following -I is the gamma of the display for which the image was originally computed (and is therefore 1.0 divided by the actual gamma of the image). Image display gamma may also be specified by a picture comment in the RLE (5) file of the form display_gamma=gamma. The command line argument will override the value in the file if specified.
-g display_gamma
  Specify the gamma of the X display monitor. The default value is 2.5, suitable for most color TV monitors (this is the gamma value assumed by the NTSC video standard).
-l levels
  Specify the number of gray or color levels to be used in the dithering process. If not this many levels are available, getx10 will try successively fewer levels until it is able to allocate enough color map entries.
infile Name of the RLE(5) file to display. If not specified, the image will be read from the standard input.


urt(1), RLE(5).


Spencer W. Thomas, University of Utah


It gets an X error when displaying an image only one line high.


It totally ignores the .Xdefaults file.

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1 GETX10 (1) Jan 20, 1987

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