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Man Pages

Manual Reference Pages  -  JMAN (1)


jman - format and display the on-line Japanese and/or original (English) manual pages


See Also


jman [-adfhktow] [-m system] [-p string] [-M path] [-P pager] [-S list] [section] name ...


Jman formats and displays the on-line Japanese manual pages. This version knows about the MANPATH and PAGER environment variables, so you can have your own set(s) of personal man pages and choose whatever program you like to display the formatted pages. If section is specified, jman only looks in that section of the manual. You may also specify the order to search the sections for entries and which preprocessors to run on the source files via command line options or environment variables. If enabled by the system administrator, formatted man pages will also be compressed with the ‘/usr/bin/gzip -nf -9’ command to save space. You have to set the environment variable LC_CTYPE (or LANG) to ja_JP.eucJP if you prefer to consult Japanese manual pages.

The options are as follows:
-M path
  Specify an alternate manpath. By default, jman uses jmanpath to determine the path to search. This option overrides the MANPATH environment variable.
-P pager
  Specify which pager to use. By default, jman uses jless -s, This option overrides the PAGER environment variable.
-S list
  List is a colon separated list of manual sections to search. This option overrides the MANSECT environment variable.
-a By default, jman will exit after displaying the first manual page it finds. Using this option forces jman to display all the manual pages that match name, not just the first.
-d Don’t actually display the man pages, but do print gobs of debugging information.
-f Equivalent to whatis.
-h Print a one line help message and exit.
-k Equivalent to apropos.
-m system
  Specify an alternate set of man pages to search based on the system name given.
-o Restrain from searching and displaying non-original (non-English) man pages, regardless of the value of the environment variavble LC_CTYPE (or LANG).
-p string
  Specify the sequence of preprocessors to run before nroff or troff. Not all installations will have a full set of preprocessors. Some of the preprocessors and the letters used to designate them are: eqn (e), grap (g), pic (p), tbl (t), vgrind (v), refer (r). This option overrides the MANROFFSEQ environment variable.
-t Use /usr/local/bin/groff -S -man -dlang=ja_JP.eucJP to format the manual page, passing the output to stdout. The output from /usr/local/bin/groff -S -man -dlang=ja_JP.eucJP may need to be passed through some filter or another before being printed.
-w Don’t actually display the man pages, but do print the location(s) of the files that would be formatted or displayed.


MANPATH If MANPATH is set, its value is used as the path to search for manual pages.
  LC_CTYPE or LANG specify the language of the manual pages you prefer to consult.
MACHINE As some manual pages are intended only for specific architectures, jman searches any subdirectories, with the same name as the current architecture, in every directory which it searches. Machine specific areas are checked before general areas. The current machine type may be overridden by setting the environment variable MACHINE to the name of a specific architecture.
  If MANROFFSEQ is set, its value is used to determine the set of preprocessors run before running nroff or troff. By default, pages are passed through the table preprocessor before nroff.
MANSECT If MANSECT is set, its value is used to determine which manual sections to search.
PAGER If PAGER is set, its value is used as the name of the program to use to display the man page. By default, jless -s is used.


Normally, to look at the relevant manpage information for getopt, one would use:

    man getopt

However, when referring to a specific section of the manual, such as getopt(3), one would use:

    man 3 getopt


japropos(1), jmanpath(1), jwhatis(1), jless(1), groff(1), man(7), mdoc(7)


The -t option only works if a troff-like program is installed.
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