|-0||Print pathnames separated by an ASCII NUL character (character code 0) instead of default NL (newline, character code 10).|
|-S||Print some statistics about the database and exit.|
|-c||Suppress normal output; instead print a count of matching file names.|
instead of the default file name database.
options are allowed.
option adds the specified database to the list
of databases to be searched.
The option database may be a colon-separated list of databases. A single colon is a reference to the default database.
$ locate -d $HOME/lib/mydb: foo
will first search string "foo" in $HOME/lib/mydb and then in /var/db/locate.database.
$ locate -d $HOME/lib/mydb::/cdrom/locate.database foo
will first search string "foo" in $HOME/lib/mydb and then in /var/db/locate.database and then in /cdrom/locate.database.
$ locate -d db1 -d db2 -d db3 pattern
is the same as
$ locate -d db1:db2:db3 pattern
$ locate -d db1:db2 -d db3 pattern
$ zcat database.gz | locate -d - pattern
This might be useful on machines with a fast CPU and little RAM and slow I/O. Note: you can only use one pattern for stdin.
|-i||Ignore case distinctions in both the pattern and the database.|
|Limit output to number of file names and exit.|
|-m||Use mmap(2) instead of the stdio(3) library. This is the default behavior and is faster in most cases.|
|-s||Use the stdio(3) library instead of mmap(2).|
LOCATE_PATH path to the locate database if set and not empty, ignored if the -d option was specified.
/var/db/locate.database locate database /usr/libexec/locate.updatedb Script to update the locate database /etc/periodic/weekly/310.locate Script that starts the database rebuild
find(1), whereis(1), which(1), fnmatch(3), locate.updatedb(8)
.Rs Finding Files Fast
The locate command first appeared in BSD 4.4 . Many new features were added in
.Fx 2.2 .
The locate program may fail to list some files that are present, or may list files that have been removed from the system. This is because locate only reports files that are present in the database, which is typically only regenerated once a week by the /etc/periodic/weekly/310.locate script. Use find(1) to locate files that are of a more transitory nature.
The locate database is typically built by user "nobody" and the locate.updatedb(8) utility skips directories which are not readable for user "nobody", group "nobody", or world. For example, if your HOME directory is not world-readable, none of your files are in the database.
The locate database is not byte order independent. It is not possible to share the databases between machines with different byte order. The current locate implementation understands databases in host byte order or network byte order if both architectures use the same integer size. So on a
.Fx Ns /i386 machine (little endian), you can read a locate database which was built on SunOS/sparc machine (big endian, net).
The locate utility does not recognize multibyte characters.