GSP
Quick Navigator

Search Site

Unix VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Support
Contact Us
Online Help
Handbooks
Domain Status
Man Pages

FAQ
Virtual Servers
Pricing
Billing
Technical

Network
Facilities
Connectivity
Topology Map

Miscellaneous
Server Agreement
Year 2038
Credits
 

USA Flag

 

 

Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  LONDISTE3 (1)

.ds Aq ’

NAME

londiste3 - tool for managing trigger-based replication for PostgreSQL.

CONTENTS

SYNOPSIS

londiste3 <config.ini> command [subcommand] [options]

DESCRIPTION

Londiste allows you to setup and administer the replication, and is run as a daemon to handle the replication itself. (Londiste is just a complex PgQ Consumer).

See EXAMPLES below to start your first trigger-based replication in a few steps.

The command is one of Node, Replication, Information or Internal commands listed below.

Londiste introduces the notion of takeover. It is the action when a local node takes over the work of another node. The other node can be a root node or a branch node and it can be dead or alive when the action is run.

Londiste also allows (among many other features): cascading replication, partial replication and custom handlers for replication.

GENERAL OPTIONS

-V, --version

Print version info and exit.

-h, --help

Show this help message and exit.

-q, --quiet

Log only errors and warnings.

-v, --verbose

Log verbosely.

-d, --daemon

Run in daemon mode (go background).

SPECIFIC OPTIONS

--ini

Display sample ini file.

--set="param=val[,param=value]"

Override config setting.

DAEMON OPTIONS

-r, --reload

Reload config (send SIGHUP).

-s, --stop

Stop program safely (send SIGINT).

-k, --kill

Kill program immediately (send SIGTERM).

REPLICATION EXTRA ARGUMENTS

--rewind

Change queue position according to destination.

--reset

Reset queue position on destination side.

NODE INITIALIZATION COMMANDS

Initialization commands will set up "public connect string" for current node. It is a connect string that other nodes will use to connect to current node. The local Londiste itself uses db option from config file to connect to local node, which can have different user rights than scripts coming over public connect string.

Connect strings can be set in either command line or config file. Command line overrides config. Setting them up in config might be more comfortable. See londiste3 --ini for details.

    create-root <node> [<public_connstr_for_node>]

Initializes a Master node.

The <node> is the name of the node, it should be unique.

    create-branch <node> [<public_connstr_for_node>] [--provider=<connstr_to_provider>]

Initializes a Slave node which can be used as a reference for other nodes.

The <node> is the name of the node, it should be unique. The <public_connstr_for_node> argument is the connection string to the database on the current node and <connstr_to_provider> is the connection string to the provider database (it can be a root node or a branch node).

    create-leaf <node> [<public_connstr_for_node>] [--provider=<connstr_to_provider>]

Initializes a slave node which can not be used as a reference for other nodes.

The <node> is the name of the node, it should be unique. The <public_connstr_for_node> argument is the connection string to the database on the current node and <connstr_to_provider> is the connection string to the provider database (it can be a root node or a branch node).

--merge=qname

combined queue name

NODE ADMINISTRATION COMMANDS

    pause

Pause the consumer: the replication of the events is stopped and can be resumed later.

    resume

When the consumer has been paused, let it replay again.

    change-provider <tonode>

Make <tonode> become the new provider for the current node.

TODO: londiste.py need update (param change from --provider)

    takeover <fromnode> [--target=<tonode>] [--all] [--dead]

This command allows to achieve failover and switchover for any of your providers (root or branch nodes).

--target=tonode

Target node of the takeover.

--all

In addition to take over the work from the fromnode, make other nodes change their provider to the current node.

--dead

Don\(cqt wait to take the new role and flag the fromnode as dead.

--dead=deadnode

Assume node is dead. TODO : why use this one ?

--dead-root

Old node was root.

--dead-branch

Old node was branch

    resurrect

In case root was down and taken over with --dead-root, this command fixes queue contents on that old root to match the rest of cascade. Events that did not propagate to rest of the cascade before failure (lost events) are dumped into file in JSON format and deleted from queue. Then the node is registered into cascade and it\(cqs worker will be paused.

It requires that there is another active root in cascade and there is consumer named NODENAME.gravestone registered on same node, it uses that to get position where rest of the cascade moved on.

It does not touch actual tables, which means there must be external mechanism to survive unsynced tables. Options:

o

o Ignore lost events. May need trigger/rule on tables to handle conflicts.

o

o Replay the lost events on new root. May need trigger/rule on tables to handle conflicts.

o

o Roll back table changes. May need old version of row stored in events. (Achieved with backup parameter to pgq.logutriga)

    drop-node <node>

Remove the node from the Londiste replication.

Londiste triggers on the node are removed but Londiste or PgQ are not removed.

    tag-dead <node>

Tag the node as dead, the command can be run from any node in the replication.

    tag-alive <node>

Tag the node as alive, the command can be run from any node in the replication.

INFORMATION COMMANDS

    status

Show status of the replication viewed by the current node.

The output is a tree of the members of the replication with their lags, last tick, status and the number of tables in state: ok/half/ignored (replicated, initial copy not finnished, table not replicated locally).

    members

Show members of the replication viewed by the current node.

Output the nodes name, status and node location (connection string to the node).

    show-consumers [--node]

TODO: command is not working

REPLICATION DAEMON COMMAND

    worker

Replay events to subscriber: it is needed to make the replication active as it will start to replay the events.

REPLICATION ADMINISTRATION COMMANDS

    add-table <table> [args]

Add the table to the replication.

See ADD ARGUMENTS below for the list of possible arguments.

    remove-table <table>

Remove the table from the replication.

    add-seq <seq> [args]

Add the sequence to the replication.

See ADD ARGUMENTS below for the list of possible arguments.

    remove-seq <seq>

Remove the sequence from the replication.

    tables

Show all tables on provider.

    seqs

Show all sequences on provider.

    missing

List tables subscriber has not yet attached to.

    resync <table>

Do full copy of the table, again.

ADD ARGUMENTS

--all

Include all possible tables.

--wait-sync

Wait until newly added tables are synced fully.

--dest-table=table

Redirect changes to different table.

--force

Ignore table differences.

--expect-sync

No copy needed.

--skip-truncate

Keep old data.

--create

Create table/sequence if not exist, with minimal schema.

--create-full

Create table/sequence if not exist, with full schema.

--trigger-flags=trigger_flags

Trigger creation flags, see below for details.

--trigger-arg=trigger_arg

Custom trigger arg (can be specified multiply times).

--no-triggers

Dont put triggers on table (makes sense on leaf node).

--handler=handler

Custom handler for table.

--handler-arg=handler_arg

Argument to custom handler.

--copy-node=NODE_NAME

Do initial copy from that node instead from provider. Useful if provider does not contain table data locally or is simply under load.

--merge-all

Merge tables from all source queues.

--no-merge

Don\(cqt merge tables from source queues.

--max-parallel-copy=max_parallel_copy

Max number of parallel copy processes.

--skip-non-existing

Skip objects that do not exist.

Trigger creation flags (default: AIUDL):

o

o I - ON INSERT

o

o U - ON UPDATE

o

o D - ON DELETE

o

o Q - use pgq.sqltriga() as trigger function

o

o L - use pgq.logutriga() as trigger function

o

o B - BEFORE

o

o A - AFTER

o

o S - SKIP

REPLICATION EXTRA COMMANDS

    check

Compare table structure on both sides.

    fkeys

Print out fkey drop/create commands.

    compare [<table>]

Compare table contents on both sides.

--count-only

Just count rows, do not compare data.

    repair [<table>] [--force]

Repair data on subscriber.

--force

Ignore lag.

    execute [filepath]

Execute SQL files on each node of the cascaded queue. The SQL file is executed locally in single transaction and inserted into queue in same transaction. Thus guaranteeing that is will be replayed in subscriber databases at correct position.

The filename is stored in londiste.applied_execute table, and checked before execution. If same filename already exists, the SQL execution is skipped.

SQL meta-data attributes

SQL file can contain attributes that limit where the SQL is executed:

--*--
--*-- Local-Table: mytable, othertable,
--*--              thirdtable
--*-- Local-Sequence: thisseq
--*--

The magic comments are searched only in file start, before any actual SQL statement is seen. Empty lines and lines with regular SQL comments are ignored.

Supported keys:

Local-Table

Table must be added to local node with add-table.

Local-Sequence

Sequence must be added to local node with add-seq.

Local-Destination

Table must be added to local node and actual destination table must exists. This is for cases where table is added to some nodes with handler that does not need actual table to exist.

Need-Table

Physical table must exist in database. It does not matter if it is replicated or not.

Need-Sequence

Sequence must exist in database.

Need-Function

Database function must exists. The function name is in form function_name(nargs). If the (nargs) portion is missed then nargs is taken as 0.

Need-View

A view must exist in database.

Need-Schema

Schema mist exist in database.

Londiste supports table renaming, where table is attached to queue with one name but events are applied to local table with different name. To make this work with EXECUTE, the Local-Toble and Local-Destination support tag replacement, where queue\(cqs table name that is mentioned in attribute is replaced with actual table name in local database:

--*-- Local-Table: mytable
ALTER TABLE @mytable@ ...;

show-handlers [handler]

Show info about all or a specific handler.

    wait-sync

Wait until all added tables are copied over.

    wait-provider

Wait until local node passes latest queue position on provider.

    wait-root

Wait until local node passes latest queue position on root.

INTERNAL COMMAND

    copy

Copy table logic.

EXIT STATUS

0

Successful program execution.

ENVIRONMENT

PostgreSQL environment variables can be used.

EXAMPLES

Londiste is provided with HowTos to help you make your fisrt steps:

o

o How to set up simple replication.

o

o How to set up cascaded replication.

o

o How to set up table partitioning (handlers).

Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section 1 |  Main Index


& LONDISTE3 (1) 04/01/2014

Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with manServer 1.07.