GSP
Quick Navigator

Search Site

Unix VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Support
Contact Us
Online Help
Handbooks
Domain Status
Man Pages

FAQ
Virtual Servers
Pricing
Billing
Technical

Network
Facilities
Connectivity
Topology Map

Miscellaneous
Server Agreement
Year 2038
Credits
 

USA Flag

 

 

Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  PCP (1)

NAME

pcp - copy a file to a cluster of machines

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Environment
Examples
Diagnostics
See Also
History
Author

SYNOPSIS

pcp [-bceprtv] [-f fanout] [-g rungroup1,...,rungroupN] [-o porttimeout] [-n portnum] [-w node1,...,nodeN] [-x node1,...,nodeN] source_file1 [source_file2 ... source_fileN] [destination file]

DESCRIPTION

The pcp utility can be used to copy a file, or directory to a group of machines. The group of machines can be listed on the command line, or default to the environment setting CLUSTER The following options are available:
-b This flag causes pcp to copy files in reverse, or backwards. Instead of copying a single file from a single machine, out to the list of target machines, the command will copy a file from all target machines, to the local machine, and name it file.nodename. This can be used to gather configuration files from a group of machines and store them locally.
-c Normally pcp copies files serially, to all the nodes specified. When the -c option is used, pcp will copy the files in parallel to the nodes, subject to the FANOUT environment setting and -f option. Smaller files will benefit greatly from parallel copies, due to reduced latency in the initial authentication, and connection. However, large files, especially on a shared ethernet, will suffer tremendous speed degredation, because of the collisions the transfers will create. This effect can be reduced, by lowering the fanout size of the cluster.
-e Unless the -e option is specified, output from remote commands will not be reported to the user.
-p The -p option causes pcp to attempt to preserve (duplicate) in its copies the modification times and modes of the source files, ignoring the umask. By default, the mode and owner of file2 are preserved if it already existed; otherwise the mode of the source file modified by the umask(2) on the destination host is used.
-r If any of the source files are directories, pcp copies each subtree rooted at that name; in this case the destination must be a directory.
-v Prints the version of ClusterIt to the stdout, and exits.
-f If the -f option is specified, followed by a number, it sets the fanout size of the cluster. The fanout size is the number of nodes a command will run on in parallel at one time. Thus a 80 node cluster, with a fanout size of 64, would run 64 nodes in parallel, then, when all have finished, it would execute the command on the last 16 nodes. The fanout size defaults to 64. This option overrides the FANOUT environment variable.
-o The -o option is used to set the timeout in seconds to be used when testing remote connections. The default is five seconds.
-n The -n option can be used to set the port number that testing should occur on when testing remote connections. The default behavior is to guess based on the remote command name.
-t The -t option causes pcp to attempt a connection test to each node prior to attempting to copy the remote file. If the test fails for any reason, the remote command will not be attempted. This can be useful when clusterfiles have suffered bitrot and some nodes no longer exist, or might be down for maintenance. The default timeout is 5 seconds. The timeout can be changed with the -o option. pcp will attempt to guess the port number of the remote service based on your RCMD_CMD setting. It knows about scp and rcp. If pcp fails to guess your port correctly, you may use the -n argument to set the remote port number. If the RCMD_TEST environment variable exists, the testing will automatically take place.
-g If the -g option is specified, followed by a comma separated list of group names, the command will only be run on that group of nodes. A node may be a part of more than one group if desired, however running without the -g option will run the command on the same node as many times as it appears in the file specified by the CLUSTER environment variable. This option is silently ignored if used with the -w option.
-w If the -w option is specified, followed by a comma delimited list of machine names, the command will be run on each node in the list. Without this flag, pcp runs on the nodes listed in the file pointed to by the CLUSTER environment variable.
-x The -x option can be used to exclude specific nodes from the cluster. The format is the same as the -w option, a comma delimited list of machine names. This option is silently ignored if used with the -w option.

ENVIRONMENT

pcp utilizes the following environment variables:
CLUSTER
  Contains a filename, which is a newline separated list of nodes in the cluster.
RCP_CMD
  Command to use to copy files to remote machines. The command chosen must be able to connect with no password to the remote host. Defaults to rcp.
RCP_CMD_ARGS
  Arguments to pass to the remote copy command. Defaults to none.
RCP_USER
  The username to connect to remote machines as by default.
FANOUT When set, limits the maximum number of concurrent commands sent at once. This can be used to keep from overloading a small host when sending out commands in parallel. Defaults to 64. This environment setting can be overridden by the -f option.
RCMD_PORT
  The port number used to test remote connections. See the -n flag.
RCMD_TEST
  When set, pcp will automatically test all hosts before launching the remote command. See the -t option for more information.
RCMD_TEST_TIMEOUT
  The timeout in seconds to use when testing for remote connections.

EXAMPLES

The command:

pcp file

will copy the file 'file' to the home directory of the current user on all machines listed in the file pointed to by the CLUSTER environment setting.

The command:

pcp -w hadar,rigel file

will copy the file 'file' to the home directory of the current user on the machines 'hadar' and 'rigel'.

The command:

pcp -w hadar,rigel /usr/bin/foo /usr/local/bin/foo

will copy the file '/usr/bin/foo' to '/usr/local/bin/foo' on the machines 'hadar' and 'rigel'.

The command:

pcp -bw hadar,rigel /etc/passwd hello

will copy the file '/etc/passwd' from both hadar and rigel, and name it 'hello.hadar' and 'hello.rigel' in the current working directory.

DIAGNOSTICS

Exit status is 0 on success, 1 if an error occurs.

SEE ALSO

cp(1), dsh(1), rcp(1), kerberos(3), hosts.equiv(5), rhosts(5)

HISTORY

The pcp command appeared in clusterit 1.0. It is based on the pcp command in IBM PSSP.

AUTHOR

Pcp was written by Tim Rightnour.
Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section 1 |  Main Index


Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with manServer 1.07.