|Raw ASCII (or binary, see -b) xyz data to be contoured.|
|-C||name of the color palette file. Must have discrete colors if you want to paint the surface (-I). Only contours that have annotation flags set will be annotated.|
Selects the map projection. Scale is UNIT/degree, 1:xxxxx, or width in UNIT (upper case modifier).
UNIT is cm, inch, or m, depending on the MEASURE_UNIT setting in .gmtdefaults4, but this can be
overridden on the command line by appending c, i, or m to the scale/width value.
When central meridian is optional, default is center of longitude range on -R option.
Default standard parallel is the equator.
For map height, max dimension, or min dimension, append h, +, or - to the width,
More details can be found in the psbasemap man pages.
-Jalon0/lat0[/horizon]/scale (Lambert Azimuthal Equal-Area)
-Jp[a]scale[/origin][r|z] (Polar coordinates (theta,r))
|-R||xmin, xmax, ymin, and ymax specify the Region of interest. For geographic regions, these limits correspond to west, east, south, and north and you may specify them in decimal degrees or in [+-]dd:mm[:ss.xxx][W|E|S|N] format. Append r if lower left and upper right map coordinates are given instead of w/e/s/n. The two shorthands -Rg and -Rd stand for global domain (0/360 and -180/+180 in longitude respectively, with -90/+90 in latitude). Alternatively, specify the name of an existing grid file and the -R settings (and grid spacing, if applicable) are copied from the grid. For calendar time coordinates you may either give (a) relative time (relative to the selected TIME_EPOCH and in the selected TIME_UNIT; append t to -JX|x), or (b) absolute time of the form [date]T[clock] (append T to -JX|x). At least one of date and clock must be present; the T is always required. The date string must be of the form [-]yyyy[-mm[-dd]] (Gregorian calendar) or yyyy[-Www[-d]] (ISO week calendar), while the clock string must be of the form hh:mm:ss[.xxx]. The use of delimiters and their type and positions must be exactly as indicated (however, input, output and plot formats are customizable; see gmtdefaults).|
No space between the option flag and the associated arguments.
-A Give - to disable all annotations. The optional labelinfo controls the specifics of the label formatting and consists of a concatenated string made up of any of the following control arguments:
+aangle For annotations at a fixed angle, +an for line-normal, or +ap for line-parallel [Default]. +cdx[/dy] Sets the clearance between label and optional text box. Append c|i|m|p to specify the unit or % to indicate a percentage of the label font size [15%]. +d Turns on debug which will draw helper points and lines to illustrate the workings of the quoted line setup. +ffont Sets the desired font [Default ANNOT_FONT_PRIMARY]. +g[color] Selects opaque text boxes [Default is transparent]; optionally specify the color [Default is PAGE_COLOR]. (See SPECIFYING COLOR below). +jjust Sets label justification [Default is MC]. Ignored when -SqN|n+|-1 is used. +kcolor Sets color of text labels [Default is COLOR_BACKGROUND]. (See SPECIFYING COLOR below). +llabel Sets the constant label text. +Lflag Sets the label text according to the specified flag:
+Lh Take the label from the current multisegment header (first scan for an embedded -Llabel option, if not use the first word following the segment flag). For multiple-word labels, enclose entire label in double quotes. +Ld Take the Cartesian plot distances along the line as the label; append c|i|m|p as the unit [Default is MEASURE_UNIT]. +LD Calculate actual map distances; append d|e|k|m|n as the unit [Default is d(egrees), unless label placement was based on map distances along the lines in which case we use the same unit specified for that algorithm]. Requires a map projection to be used. +Lf Use text after the 2nd column in the fixed label location file as the label. Requires the fixed label location setting. +Lx As +Lh but use the headers in the xfile.d instead. Requires the crossing file option. +ndx[/dy] Nudges the placement of labels by the specified amount (append c|i|m|p to specify the units). Increments are considered in the coordinate system defined by the orientation of the line; use +N to force increments in the plot x/y coordinates system [no nudging]. +o Selects rounded rectangular text box [Default is rectangular]. Not applicable for curved text (+v) and only makes sense for opaque text boxes. +p[pen] Draws the outline of text boxsets [Default is no outline]; optionally specify pen for outline [Default is width = 0.25p, color = black, texture = solid]. (See SPECIFYING PENS below). +rmin_rad Will not place labels where the lines radius of curvature is less than min_rad [Default is 0]. +ssize Sets the desired font size in points [Default is 9]. +uunit Appends unit to all line labels. If unit starts with a leading hyphen (-) then there will be no space between label value and the unit. [Default is no unit]. +v Specifies curved labels following the path [Default is straight labels]. +w Specifies how many (x, y) points will be used to estimate label angles [Default is 10]. +=prefix Prepends prefix to all line labels. If prefix starts with a leading hyphen (-) then there will be no space between label value and the prefix. [Default is no prefix]. -B Sets map boundary annotation and tickmark intervals; see the psbasemap man page for all the details. -D Dump the (x,y,z) coordinates of each contour to separate files, one for each contour segment. The files will be named dumpfile_cont_segment[_i].xyz, where cont is the contour value and segment is a running segment number for each contour interval (for closed contours we append _i.) However, when -m is used in conjunction with -D a single multisegment file is created instead. -E Sets the viewpoints azimuth and elevation (for perspective view) [180/90]. For frames used for animation, you may want to append + to fix the center of your data domain (or specify a particular world coordinate point with +wlon0/lat[/z]) which will project to the center of your page size (or specify the coordinates of the projected view point with +vx0/y0). -G Controls the placement of labels along the contours. Choose among five controlling algorithms:
In addition, you may optionally append +rradius[c|i|m|p] to set a minimum label separation in the x-y plane [no limitation].
-Gddist[c|i|m|p] or -GDdist[d|e|k|m|n] For lower case d, give distances between labels on the plot in your preferred measurement unit c (cm), i (inch), m (meter), or p (points), while for upper case D, specify distances in map units and append the unit; choose among e (m), k (km), m (mile), n (nautical mile), or d (spherical degree). [Default is 10c or 4i]. -Gfffile.d Reads the ascii file ffile.d and places labels at locations in the file that matches locations along the contours. Inexact matches and points outside the region are skipped. -Gl|Lline1[,line2,...] Give the coordinates of the end points for one or more comma-separated straight line segments. Labels will be placed where these lines intersect the contours. The format of each line specification is start_lon/start_lat/stop_lon/stop_lat. Both start_lon/start_lat and stop_lon/stop_lat can be replaced by a 2-character key that uses the justification format employed in pstext to indicate a point on the map, given as [LCR][BMT]. -GL will interpret the point pairs as defining great circles [Default is straight line]. -Gn|Nn_label Specifies the number of equidistant labels for contours line . Upper case -GN starts labeling exactly at the start of the line [Default centers them along the line]. -GN-1 places one justified label at start, while -GN+1 places one justified label at the end of contours. Optionally, append /min_dist[c|i|m|p] to enforce that a minimum distance separation between successive labels is enforced. -Gx|Xxfile.d Reads the multi-segment file xfile.d and places labels at the intersections between the contours and the lines inxfile.d. -GX will resample the lines first along great-circle arcs. -H Input file(s) has header record(s). If used, the default number of header records is N_HEADER_RECS. Use -Hi if only input data should have header records [Default will write out header records if the input data have them]. Blank lines and lines starting with # are always skipped. -I Color the triangles using the color palette table. -Jz Sets the vertical scaling (for 3-D maps). Same syntax as -Jx. -K More PostScript code will be appended later [Default terminates the plot system]. -L Draw the underlying triangular mesh using the specified pen attributes [Default is no mesh]. (See SPECIFYING PENS below). -N Do NOT clip contours or image at the boundaries [Default will clip to fit inside region -R]. -O Selects Overlay plot mode [Default initializes a new plot system]. -P Selects Portrait plotting mode [Default is Landscape, see gmtdefaults to change this]. -S Or -Sp: Skip all input xyz points that fall outside the region [Default uses all the data in the triangulation]. Alternatively, use -St to skip triangles whose three vertices are all outside the region. -T Give name of file with network information. Each record must contain triplets of node numbers for a triangle [Default computes these using Delaunay triangulation (see triangulate)]. -U Draw Unix System time stamp on plot. By adding just/dx/dy/, the user may specify the justification of the stamp and where the stamp should fall on the page relative to lower left corner of the plot. For example, BL/0/0 will align the lower left corner of the time stamp with the lower left corner of the plot. Optionally, append a label, or c (which will plot the command string.). The GMT parameters UNIX_TIME, UNIX_TIME_POS, and UNIX_TIME_FORMAT can affect the appearance; see the gmtdefaults man page for details. The time string will be in the locale set by the environment variable TZ (generally local time). -V Selects verbose mode, which will send progress reports to stderr [Default runs "silently"]. -W Select contouring and set contour pen attributes. If the + flag is set then the contour lines are colored according to the cpt file (see -C). (See SPECIFYING PENS below). -X -Y Shift plot origin relative to the current origin by (x-shift,y-shift) and optionally append the length unit (c, i, m, p). You can prepend a to shift the origin back to the original position after plotting, or prepend r [Default] to reset the current origin to the new location. If -O is used then the default (x-shift,y-shift) is (0,0), otherwise it is (r1i, r1i) or (r2.5c, r2.5c). Alternatively, give c to align the center coordinate (x or y) of the plot with the center of the page based on current page size. -: Toggles between (longitude,latitude) and (latitude,longitude) input and/or output. [Default is (longitude,latitude)]. Append i to select input only or o to select output only. [Default affects both]. -bi Selects binary input. Append s for single precision [Default is d (double)]. Uppercase S or D will force byte-swapping. Optionally, append ncol, the number of columns in your binary input file if it exceeds the columns needed by the program. Or append c if the input file is netCDF. Optionally, append var1/var2/... to specify the variables to be read. [Default is 3 input columns]. Use 4-byte integer triplets for node ids (-T). -bo Selects binary output. Append s for single precision [Default is d (double)]. Uppercase S or D will force byte-swapping. Optionally, append ncol, the number of desired columns in your binary output file. [Default is 3 output columns]. -c Specifies the number of plot copies. [Default is 1]. -m When used in conjunction with -D a single multisegment file is created, and each contour section is preceded by a header record whose first column is flag followed by the contour level.
pen The attributes of lines and symbol outlines as defined by pen is a comma delimetered list of width, color and texture, each of which is optional. width can be indicated as a measure (points, centimeters, inches) or as faint, thin[ner|nest], thick[er|est], fat[ter|test], or obese. color specifies a gray shade or color (see SPECIFYING COLOR below). texture is a combination of dashes - and dots ..
color The color of lines, areas and patterns can be specified by a valid color name; by a gray shade (in the range 0-255); by a decimal color code (r/g/b, each in range 0-255; h-s-v, ranges 0-360, 0-1, 0-1; or c/m/y/k, each in range 0-1); or by a hexadecimal color code (#rrggbb, as used in HTML). See the gmtcolors manpage for more information and a full list of color names.
To make a raw contour plot from the file topo.xyz and drawing the contours (pen = 0.5p) given in the color palette file topo.cpt on a Lambert map at 0.5 inch/degree along the standard parallels 18 and 24, use
pscontour topo.xyz -R 320/330/20/30 -Jl 18/24/0.5i -C topo.cpt -W 0.5p > topo.ps
To create a color PostScript plot of the numerical temperature solution obtained on a triangular mesh whose node coordinates and temperatures are stored in temp.xyz and mesh arrangement is given by the file mesh.ijk, using the colors in temp.cpt, run
pscontour temp.xyz -R 0/150/0/100 -Jx 0.1 -C temp.cpt -G -W 0.25p > temp.ps
Sometimes there will appear to be thin lines of the wrong color in the image. This is a round-off problem which may be remedied by using a higher value of DOTS_PR_INCH in the .gmtdefaults4 file.
GMT(1), gmtcolors(5), grdcontour(1), grdimage(1), nearneighbor(1), psbasemap(1), psscale(1), surface(1), triangulate(1)
Watson, D. F., 1982, Acord: Automatic contouring of raw data, Comp. & Geosci., 8, 97-101.
Shewchuk, J. R., 1996, Triangle: Engineering a 2D Quality Mesh Generator and Delaunay Triangulator, First Workshop on Applied Computational Geometry (Philadelphia, PA), 124-133, ACM, May 1996.
|GMT 4.5.14||PSCONTOUR (1)||1 Nov 2015|