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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  PSHISTOGRAM (1)

NAME

pshistogram - Bin data and plot histograms

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Options
     Specifying Pens
     Specifying Fill
     Specifying Color
Examples
Bugs

SYNOPSIS

pshistogram file -Jx|Xparameters -Wbin_width [ -A ] [ -B[p|s]parameters ] [ -Ccptfile ] [ -Eazimuth/elevation ] [ -F ] [ -Gfill ] [ -H[i][nrec] ] [ -Jz|Zparameters ] [ -I[o|O] ] [ -K ] [ -Lpen ] [ -O ] [ -P ] [ -Q ] [ -Rxmin/xmax/ymin/ymax[r] ] [ -S ] [ -Tcol ] [ -U[just/dx/dy/][c|label] ] [ -V ] [ -X[a|c|r][x-shift[u]] ] [ -Y[a|c|r][y-shift[u]] ] [ -Ztype ] [ -ccopies ] [ -bi[s|S|d|D[ncol]|c[var1/...]] ] [ -f[i|o]colinfo ]

DESCRIPTION

pshistogram reads file [or standard input] and examines data column col to calculate histogram parameters based on the bin-width provided. Using these parameters, scaling, and optional range parameters it will generate PostScript code that plots a histogram. A cumulative histogram may also be specified.
file ASCII [or binary, see -b] datafile. If no file is given, pshistogram will read standard input.
-Jx xscale[/yscale] (Linear scale(s) in distance unit/data unit).
-W Sets the bin width used for histogram calculations.

OPTIONS

No space between the option flag and the associated arguments.
-A Plot the histogram horizontally from x = 0 [Default is vertically from y = 0].
-B Sets map boundary annotation and tickmark intervals; see the psbasemap man page for all the details.
-C Give a color palette file. The mid x-value for each bar is used to look-up the bar color.
-E Sets the viewpoint’s azimuth and elevation (for perspective view) [180/90].
-F Center bin on each value. [Default is left edge].
-G Select filling of bars [Default is no fill]. (See SPECIFYING FILL below).
-H Input file(s) has header record(s). If used, the default number of header records is N_HEADER_RECS. Use -Hi if only input data should have header records [Default will write out header records if the input data have them]. Blank lines and lines starting with # are always skipped.
-I Inquire about min/max x and y after binning. No plotting is done. Append o to output an ASCII table of the resulting x,y data to stdout. Alternatively, append O to output all x,y bin data even when y == 0.
-K More PostScript code will be appended later [Default terminates the plot system].
-L Draw bar outline using the specified pen thickness. [Default is no outline]. (See SPECIFYING PENS below).
-O Selects Overlay plot mode [Default initializes a new plot system].
-P Selects Portrait plotting mode [Default is Landscape, see gmtdefaults to change this].
-Q Draw a cumulative histogram.
-R xmin, xmax, ymin, and ymax specify the Region of interest. For geographic regions, these limits correspond to west, east, south, and north and you may specify them in decimal degrees or in [+-]dd:mm[:ss.xxx][W|E|S|N] format. Append r if lower left and upper right map coordinates are given instead of w/e/s/n. The two shorthands -Rg and -Rd stand for global domain (0/360 and -180/+180 in longitude respectively, with -90/+90 in latitude). Alternatively, specify the name of an existing grid file and the -R settings (and grid spacing, if applicable) are copied from the grid. For calendar time coordinates you may either give (a) relative time (relative to the selected TIME_EPOCH and in the selected TIME_UNIT; append t to -JX|x), or (b) absolute time of the form [date]T[clock] (append T to -JX|x). At least one of date and clock must be present; the T is always required. The date string must be of the form [-]yyyy[-mm[-dd]] (Gregorian calendar) or yyyy[-Www[-d]] (ISO week calendar), while the clock string must be of the form hh:mm:ss[.xxx]. The use of delimiters and their type and positions must be exactly as indicated (however, input, output and plot formats are customizable; see gmtdefaults). If not given, pshistogram will automatically find reasonable values for the region.
-S Draws a stairs-step diagram which does not include the internal bars of the default histogram.
-T Specify which column to use for the histogram data. First column is 0 [0].
-U Draw Unix System time stamp on plot. By adding just/dx/dy/, the user may specify the justification of the stamp and where the stamp should fall on the page relative to lower left corner of the plot. For example, BL/0/0 will align the lower left corner of the time stamp with the lower left corner of the plot. Optionally, append a label, or c (which will plot the command string.). The GMT parameters UNIX_TIME, UNIX_TIME_POS, and UNIX_TIME_FORMAT can affect the appearance; see the gmtdefaults man page for details. The time string will be in the locale set by the environment variable TZ (generally local time).
-V Selects verbose mode, which will send progress reports to stderr [Default runs "silently"].
-X -Y Shift plot origin relative to the current origin by (x-shift,y-shift) and optionally append the length unit (c, i, m, p). You can prepend a to shift the origin back to the original position after plotting, or prepend r [Default] to reset the current origin to the new location. If -O is used then the default (x-shift,y-shift) is (0,0), otherwise it is (r1i, r1i) or (r2.5c, r2.5c). Alternatively, give c to align the center coordinate (x or y) of the plot with the center of the page based on current page size.
-Z Choose between 6 types of histograms: 0 = counts [Default], 1 = frequency_percent, 2 = log (1.0 + count), 3 = log (1.0 + frequency_percent), 4 = log10 (1.0 + count), 5 = log10 (1.0 + frequency_percent).
-bi Selects binary input. Append s for single precision [Default is d (double)]. Uppercase S or D will force byte-swapping. Optionally, append ncol, the number of columns in your binary input file if it exceeds the columns needed by the program. Or append c if the input file is netCDF. Optionally, append var1/var2/... to specify the variables to be read. [Default is 2 input columns].
-c Specifies the number of plot copies. [Default is 1].
-f Special formatting of input and/or output columns (time or geographical data). Specify i or o to make this apply only to input or output [Default applies to both]. Give one or more columns (or column ranges) separated by commas. Append T (absolute calendar time), t (relative time in chosen TIME_UNIT since TIME_EPOCH), x (longitude), y (latitude), or f (floating point) to each column or column range item. Shorthand -f[i|o]g means -f[i|o]0x,1y (geographic coordinates).

    SPECIFYING PENS

pen The attributes of lines and symbol outlines as defined by pen is a comma delimetered list of width, color and texture, each of which is optional. width can be indicated as a measure (points, centimeters, inches) or as faint, thin[ner|nest], thick[er|est], fat[ter|test], or obese. color specifies a gray shade or color (see SPECIFYING COLOR below). texture is a combination of dashes ‘-’ and dots ‘.’.

    SPECIFYING FILL

fill The attribute fill specifies the solid shade or solid color (see SPECIFYING COLOR below) or the pattern used for filling polygons. Patterns are specified as pdpi/pattern, where pattern gives the number of the built-in pattern (1-90) or the name of a Sun 1-, 8-, or 24-bit raster file. The dpi sets the resolution of the image. For 1-bit rasters: use Pdpi/pattern for inverse video, or append :Fcolor[B[color]] to specify fore- and background colors (use color = - for transparency). See GMT Cookbook & Technical Reference Appendix E for information on individual patterns.

    SPECIFYING COLOR

color The color of lines, areas and patterns can be specified by a valid color name; by a gray shade (in the range 0-255); by a decimal color code (r/g/b, each in range 0-255; h-s-v, ranges 0-360, 0-1, 0-1; or c/m/y/k, each in range 0-1); or by a hexadecimal color code (#rrggbb, as used in HTML). See the gmtcolors manpage for more information and a full list of color names.

EXAMPLES

To draw a histogram of the data v3206.t containing seafloor depths, using a 250 meter bin width, center bars, and draw bar outline, use:

pshistogram v3206.t -JX h -W 250 -F -L P0.5p -V > plot.ps

If you know the distribution of your data, you may explicitly specify range and scales. E.g., to plot a histogram of the y-values (2nd column) in the file errors.xy using a 1 meter bin width, plot from -10 to +10 meters @ 0.75 cm/m, annotate every 2 m and 100 counts, and use black bars, run:

pshistogram errors.xy -W 1 -R-10/10/0/0 -Jx 0.75c/0.01c -B 2:Error:/100:Counts: -G black -T 1 -V > plot.ps

Since no y-range was specified, pshistogram will calculate ymax in even increments of 100.

BUGS

The -W option does not yet work properly with time series data (e.g., -f 0T). Thus, such variable intervals as months and years are not calculated. Instead, specify your interval in the same units as the current setting of TIME_UNIT.

SEE ALSO

GMT(1), gmtcolors(5), psbasemap(1), psrose(1), psxy(1)
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GMT 4.5.14 PSHISTOGRAM (1) 1 Nov 2015

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