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Manual Reference Pages  -  PSHISTOGRAM (1)


pshistogram - Bin data and plot histograms


     Specifying Pens
     Specifying Fill
     Specifying Color


pshistogram file -Jx|Xparameters -Wbin_width [ -A ] [ -B[p|s]parameters ] [ -Ccptfile ] [ -Eazimuth/elevation ] [ -F ] [ -Gfill ] [ -H[i][nrec] ] [ -Jz|Zparameters ] [ -I[o|O] ] [ -K ] [ -Lpen ] [ -O ] [ -P ] [ -Q ] [ -Rxmin/xmax/ymin/ymax[r] ] [ -S ] [ -Tcol ] [ -U[just/dx/dy/][c|label] ] [ -V ] [ -X[a|c|r][x-shift[u]] ] [ -Y[a|c|r][y-shift[u]] ] [ -Ztype ] [ -ccopies ] [ -bi[s|S|d|D[ncol]|c[var1/...]] ] [ -f[i|o]colinfo ]


pshistogram reads file [or standard input] and examines data column col to calculate histogram parameters based on the bin-width provided. Using these parameters, scaling, and optional range parameters it will generate PostScript code that plots a histogram. A cumulative histogram may also be specified.
file ASCII [or binary, see -b] datafile. If no file is given, pshistogram will read standard input.
-Jx xscale[/yscale] (Linear scale(s) in distance unit/data unit).
-W Sets the bin width used for histogram calculations.


No space between the option flag and the associated arguments.
-A Plot the histogram horizontally from x = 0 [Default is vertically from y = 0].
-B Sets map boundary annotation and tickmark intervals; see the psbasemap man page for all the details.
-C Give a color palette file. The mid x-value for each bar is used to look-up the bar color.
-E Sets the viewpoint’s azimuth and elevation (for perspective view) [180/90].
-F Center bin on each value. [Default is left edge].
-G Select filling of bars [Default is no fill]. (See SPECIFYING FILL below).
-H Input file(s) has header record(s). If used, the default number of header records is N_HEADER_RECS. Use -Hi if only input data should have header records [Default will write out header records if the input data have them]. Blank lines and lines starting with # are always skipped.
-I Inquire about min/max x and y after binning. No plotting is done. Append o to output an ASCII table of the resulting x,y data to stdout. Alternatively, append O to output all x,y bin data even when y == 0.
-K More PostScript code will be appended later [Default terminates the plot system].
-L Draw bar outline using the specified pen thickness. [Default is no outline]. (See SPECIFYING PENS below).
-O Selects Overlay plot mode [Default initializes a new plot system].
-P Selects Portrait plotting mode [Default is Landscape, see gmtdefaults to change this].
-Q Draw a cumulative histogram.
-R xmin, xmax, ymin, and ymax specify the Region of interest. For geographic regions, these limits correspond to west, east, south, and north and you may specify them in decimal degrees or in [+-]dd:mm[][W|E|S|N] format. Append r if lower left and upper right map coordinates are given instead of w/e/s/n. The two shorthands -Rg and -Rd stand for global domain (0/360 and -180/+180 in longitude respectively, with -90/+90 in latitude). Alternatively, specify the name of an existing grid file and the -R settings (and grid spacing, if applicable) are copied from the grid. For calendar time coordinates you may either give (a) relative time (relative to the selected TIME_EPOCH and in the selected TIME_UNIT; append t to -JX|x), or (b) absolute time of the form [date]T[clock] (append T to -JX|x). At least one of date and clock must be present; the T is always required. The date string must be of the form [-]yyyy[-mm[-dd]] (Gregorian calendar) or yyyy[-Www[-d]] (ISO week calendar), while the clock string must be of the form hh:mm:ss[.xxx]. The use of delimiters and their type and positions must be exactly as indicated (however, input, output and plot formats are customizable; see gmtdefaults). If not given, pshistogram will automatically find reasonable values for the region.
-S Draws a stairs-step diagram which does not include the internal bars of the default histogram.
-T Specify which column to use for the histogram data. First column is 0 [0].
-U Draw Unix System time stamp on plot. By adding just/dx/dy/, the user may specify the justification of the stamp and where the stamp should fall on the page relative to lower left corner of the plot. For example, BL/0/0 will align the lower left corner of the time stamp with the lower left corner of the plot. Optionally, append a label, or c (which will plot the command string.). The GMT parameters UNIX_TIME, UNIX_TIME_POS, and UNIX_TIME_FORMAT can affect the appearance; see the gmtdefaults man page for details. The time string will be in the locale set by the environment variable TZ (generally local time).
-V Selects verbose mode, which will send progress reports to stderr [Default runs "silently"].
-X -Y Shift plot origin relative to the current origin by (x-shift,y-shift) and optionally append the length unit (c, i, m, p). You can prepend a to shift the origin back to the original position after plotting, or prepend r [Default] to reset the current origin to the new location. If -O is used then the default (x-shift,y-shift) is (0,0), otherwise it is (r1i, r1i) or (r2.5c, r2.5c). Alternatively, give c to align the center coordinate (x or y) of the plot with the center of the page based on current page size.
-Z Choose between 6 types of histograms: 0 = counts [Default], 1 = frequency_percent, 2 = log (1.0 + count), 3 = log (1.0 + frequency_percent), 4 = log10 (1.0 + count), 5 = log10 (1.0 + frequency_percent).
-bi Selects binary input. Append s for single precision [Default is d (double)]. Uppercase S or D will force byte-swapping. Optionally, append ncol, the number of columns in your binary input file if it exceeds the columns needed by the program. Or append c if the input file is netCDF. Optionally, append var1/var2/... to specify the variables to be read. [Default is 2 input columns].
-c Specifies the number of plot copies. [Default is 1].
-f Special formatting of input and/or output columns (time or geographical data). Specify i or o to make this apply only to input or output [Default applies to both]. Give one or more columns (or column ranges) separated by commas. Append T (absolute calendar time), t (relative time in chosen TIME_UNIT since TIME_EPOCH), x (longitude), y (latitude), or f (floating point) to each column or column range item. Shorthand -f[i|o]g means -f[i|o]0x,1y (geographic coordinates).


pen The attributes of lines and symbol outlines as defined by pen is a comma delimetered list of width, color and texture, each of which is optional. width can be indicated as a measure (points, centimeters, inches) or as faint, thin[ner|nest], thick[er|est], fat[ter|test], or obese. color specifies a gray shade or color (see SPECIFYING COLOR below). texture is a combination of dashes ‘-’ and dots ‘.’.


fill The attribute fill specifies the solid shade or solid color (see SPECIFYING COLOR below) or the pattern used for filling polygons. Patterns are specified as pdpi/pattern, where pattern gives the number of the built-in pattern (1-90) or the name of a Sun 1-, 8-, or 24-bit raster file. The dpi sets the resolution of the image. For 1-bit rasters: use Pdpi/pattern for inverse video, or append :Fcolor[B[color]] to specify fore- and background colors (use color = - for transparency). See GMT Cookbook & Technical Reference Appendix E for information on individual patterns.


color The color of lines, areas and patterns can be specified by a valid color name; by a gray shade (in the range 0-255); by a decimal color code (r/g/b, each in range 0-255; h-s-v, ranges 0-360, 0-1, 0-1; or c/m/y/k, each in range 0-1); or by a hexadecimal color code (#rrggbb, as used in HTML). See the gmtcolors manpage for more information and a full list of color names.


To draw a histogram of the data v3206.t containing seafloor depths, using a 250 meter bin width, center bars, and draw bar outline, use:

pshistogram v3206.t -JX h -W 250 -F -L P0.5p -V >

If you know the distribution of your data, you may explicitly specify range and scales. E.g., to plot a histogram of the y-values (2nd column) in the file errors.xy using a 1 meter bin width, plot from -10 to +10 meters @ 0.75 cm/m, annotate every 2 m and 100 counts, and use black bars, run:

pshistogram errors.xy -W 1 -R-10/10/0/0 -Jx 0.75c/0.01c -B 2:Error:/100:Counts: -G black -T 1 -V >

Since no y-range was specified, pshistogram will calculate ymax in even increments of 100.


The -W option does not yet work properly with time series data (e.g., -f 0T). Thus, such variable intervals as months and years are not calculated. Instead, specify your interval in the same units as the current setting of TIME_UNIT.


GMT(1), gmtcolors(5), psbasemap(1), psrose(1), psxy(1)
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GMT 4.5.14 PSHISTOGRAM (1) 1 Nov 2015

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