|-?||Display help message|
|-h||Run pwcview in headless mode (without the gui)|
|-p||Enable webcam snapshot button (only works with the FreeBSD pwc driver and not with all cameras)|
|-k||Add time date string to picture.|
|-d device||Selects the video device to open. The default is /dev/video0|
|-s size||Sets the webcams video size. The default is sif. Can be one of sqcif, qsif, qcif, sif, cif or vga, for an image size of resp. 128x96, 160x120, 176x144,320x240, 352x288 and 640x480 (of course, only for those cameras that support these resolutions).|
|-f fps||Sets the webcams frame rate. The default is 5. Should be in the range of 5-30.|
JPEG output options:
|-c count||Number of automatic jpeg snapshots to take. Set this to -1 for unlimited automatic jpeg snapshots. The default is 0|
|-i interval||Automatic jpeg snapshot interval in milliseconds. The default is 3000|
|-q quality||Quality of jpeg output images, range 0-100. The default is 75|
|-o outfile||Filename of the jpeg output images. This is a string that is passed to the strftime(3) function and thus can contain the format specifiers as documented in the strftime(3) man page. The default is /tmp/%Y%m%d%H%M%S.jpg|
|-e command||Command to execute after each jpeg snapshot. This command will be executed with the filename of the jpeg image as its only command line argument. If you want to execute a command that requires multiple arguments, you can create a wrapper shell script. The default is not to execute any command.|
Motion detection options:
Enable motion detection recording. When this option is specified
will write all raw YUV420P frames that have a number of blocks with motion
in them that is higher than threshold to stdout. For this option to work you
must redirect stdout to a file or pipe it to another command (e.g.
.Cd mencoder )
|-m||Show detected motion. When this option is specified the regions in the picture in which motion is detected are displayed in negative.|
|-j command||Command to execute when motion is detected. The default is not to execute any command.|
|-g interval||Minimum time in seconds between motion commands. The default is 60 seconds.|
|-u sensitivity||Motion detection sensitivity. The lower you set this the more sensitive. The default is 1000.|
|-t threshold||Motion detection threshold. The number of blocks (a block is 8x8 pixels) that must have motion in them before any of the actions motion record, motion fullscreen or motion beep is taken. The default is 1.|
|-l frames||Recording margin. The number of extra frames that are written to stdout after the last frame that had motion in it. The default is 15.|
Video display options:
|-x||Create window without frame|
|-y||Use IYUV overlay instead of YV12 overlay|
|-z||Create the video surface in system memory (SDL_SWSURFACE)|
|-a||Always use video surface (SDL_ANYFORMAT)|
|-b bpp||Bits per pixel to setup video surface with. The default is 0, which means to use the current display bits per pixel.|
pwcview can also detect motion in the webcams image and write the frames with motion in them to stdout so you can for example encode them with
.Cd mencoder to MPEG4.
Sometimes it can be useful to exclude some areas in the picture from motion detection. With pwcview you can use the m key to enter motion mask editing mode. In motion mask editing mode you can add areas to exclude from motion detection with the mouse. In motion mask editing mode masked areas are displayed in negative.
To add an area to the motion mask: move the mouse pointer to the top left position of the area that you want to exclude and left click then move your mouse pointer to the bottom right position of the area that you want to exclude and left click again. You can repeat this as many times as you want.
To remove areas from the motion mask do the same but this time use the right mouse button. To clear the entire mask press the middle mouse button.
You can save the motion mask with the w key. Each time pwcview starts it will look for the mask file in the current directory and automatically load it.
To leave motion mask editing mode press the m key again.
Besides the keys used for the menu system the following keys can be used:
f Toggle fullscreen mode. p Take a manual jpeg snapshot. q Quit the application. m Enter/leave motion mask editing mode. w Saves motion mask to pwcview.msk in current directory. space Freeze/unfreeze picture.
With pwcview you can alter various settings of your webcam. It provides a menu like structure where you specify what setting you want to alter with the up arrow and down arrow. The current menu item and thus the setting to alter will then be displayed in the title bar.
The following settings of the webcam can be altered:
framerate Use the left arrow and right arrow to change the webcams frame rate. brightness Use the left arrow and right arrow to change the webcams brightness. contrast Use the left arrow and right arrow to change the webcams contrast. saturation Use the left arrow and right arrow to change the webcams saturation. gamma Use the left arrow and right arrow to change the webcams gamma. gain control Use the enter key to switch between auto and manual gain control. Use the left arrow and right arrow in manual mode to change the webcams gain control. shutter speed Use the enter key to switch between auto and manual shutter speed. Use the left arrow and right arrow in manual mode to change the webcams shutter speed. white balance Use the enter key to switch between auto, manual, indoor, outdoor and fluorescent white balance. Use the left arrow and right arrow in manual mode to change the webcams red gain and blue gain. contour Use the enter key to switch between auto and manual contour. Use the left arrow and right arrow in manual mode to change the webcams contour. dnr mode Use the enter key to switch between the webcams various modes of dynamic noise reduction. backlight compensation Use the enter key to switch the webcams backlight compensation on/off. anti flicker mode Use the enter key to switch the webcams anti flicker mode on/off. color mode Use the enter key to switch the webcam to color or black and white mode (FreeBSD only) compression Use the left arrow and right arrow to change the webcams compression level. save user settings Use the enter key to save the current webcam settings to the webcams EEPROM. restore user settings Use the enter key to load the current webcam settings from the webcams EEPROM. restore factory settings Use the enter key to load the current webcam settings from the factory defaults. led on Use the left arrow and right arrow to change the webcams led on time. led off Use the left arrow and right arrow to change the webcams led off time.
The following settings of pwcview can be altered:
time date string Use the enter key to toggle the addition of a time date string to the picture. (command line equivalent -k) scaling Use the enter key to switch between none, double and full scaling. motion record Use the enter key to enable/disable motion recording (command line equivalent -r) motion fullscreen Use the enter key to enable/disable going to full screen mode when motion is detected. motion beep Use the enter key to enable/disable the speaker beep when motion is detected. motion show Use the enter key to toggle the display of motion in negative (command line equivalent -m) motion command interval Use the left arrow and right arrow to change the motion command interval (command line equivelant -g) motion sensitivity Use the left arrow and right arrow to change the motion detection sensitivity (command line equivalent -u) motion threshold Use the left arrow and right arrow to change the motion detection threshold (command line equivalent -t) recording margin Use the left arrow and right arrow to change the recording margin (command line equivalent -l)
pwcview uses the SDL library to display the video of your webcam. The default video mode used by pwcview is in general the most efficient, but this is very much dependent on the capabilities of your video card. If it doesnt quite work the way you want it to, you can tune the video settings with any of the command line options listed in the "Video display options" section at the beginning of this man page. See the SDL_SetVideoMode(3) man page for exact details.
Set the webcam to vga mode at 15 fps and execute the firefox command whenever a jpeg snapshot is taken:
.Cd pwcview -s vga -f 15 -e firefox
Take one automatic jpeg snapshot image using the default sif resolution, save it as foo.jpg and then exit:
.Cd pwcview -h -c 1 -o foo.jpg
Run pwcview in headless mode with the webcam set to 320x240@15fps, add a time date string to the picture, write the frames in which motion is detected to stdout and encode them with mencoder to motion.avi:
.Cd pwcview -hkr -s sif -f 15 | mencoder -demuxer rawvideo -rawvideo fps=15:w=320:h=240:i420 - -ovc lavc -lavcopts vcodec=mpeg4 -o motion.avi
The Linux PWC Documentation Project:
This is free software licensed under the GPLv2; There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
Copyright (C) 2006-2007 Raaf