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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  RLECOMP (1)

NAME

rlecomp - Digital image compositor

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
See Also
Authors
Bugs

SYNOPSIS

rlecomp [ -o outfile ] Afile operator Bfile

DESCRIPTION

rlecomp implements an image compositor based on presence of an alpha, or matte channel the image. This extra channel usually defines a mask which represents a sort of a cookie-cutter for the image. This is the case when alpha is 255 (full coverage) for pixels inside the shape, zero outside, and between zero and 255 on the boundary. If Afile or Bfile is just a single -, then rlecomp reads that file from the standard input.

The operations behave as follows (assuming the operation is "A operator B"):
over The result will be the union of the two image shapes, with A obscuring B in the region of overlap.
in The result is simply the image A cut by the shape of B. None of the image data of B will be in the result.
atop The result is the same shape as image B, with A obscuring B where the image shapes overlap. Note this differs from over because the portion of A outside B’s shape does not appear in the result.
out The result image is image A with the shape of B cut out.
xor The result is the image data from both images that is outside the overlap region. The overlap region will be blank.
plus The result is just the sum of the image data. Output values are clipped to 255 (no overflow). This operation is actually independent of the alpha channels.
minus The result of A - B, with underflow clipped to zero. The alpha channel is ignored (set to 255, full coverage).
diff The result of abs(A - B). This is useful for comparing two very similar images.
add The result of A + B, with overflow wrapping around (mod 256).
subtract
  The result of A - B, with underflow wrapping around (mod 256). The add and subtract operators can be used to perform reversible transformations.

SEE ALSO

urt(1), RLE(5),
"Compositing Digital Images", Porter and Duff, Proceedings of SIGGRAPH ’84 p.255

AUTHORS

Rod Bogart and John W. Peterson

BUGS

The other operations could be optimized as much as over is.

Rlecomp assumes both input files have the same number of channels.

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1 RLECOMP (1) December 20, 1986

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