GSP
Quick Navigator

Search Site

Unix VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Support
Contact Us
Online Help
Handbooks
Domain Status
Man Pages

FAQ
Virtual Servers
Pricing
Billing
Technical

Network
Facilities
Connectivity
Topology Map

Miscellaneous
Server Agreement
Year 2038
Credits
 

USA Flag

 

 

Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  ROFI (1)

NAME

rofi - A window switcher, run launcher, ssh dialog and dmenu replacement

CONTENTS

SYNOPSIS

rofi [ -width pct_scr ] [ -lines lines ] [ -columns columns ] [ -font pangofont ] [ -fg color ] [ -fg-urgent color ] [ -fg-active color ] [ -bg-urgent color ] [ -bg-active color ] [ -bg color ] [ -bgalt color ] [ -hlfg color ] [ -hlbg color ] [ -key-mode combo ] [ -terminal terminal ] [ -location position ] [ -fixed-num-lines ] [ -padding padding ] [ -opacity opacity% ] [ -display display ] [ -bc color ] [ -bw width ] [ -dmenu [ -p prompt ] [ -sep separator ] [ -l selected line ] [ -mesg ] [ -select ] [ -input input ] ] [ -filter filter ] [ -ssh-client client ] [ -ssh-command command ] [ -disable-history ] [ -levenshtein-sort ] [ -case-sensitive ] [ -show mode ] [ -modi mode1,mode2 ] [ -eh element height ] [ -lazy-filter-limit limit ] [ -e message] [ -a row ] [ -u row ] [ -pid path ] [ -now ] [ -rnow ] [ -snow ] [ -version ] [ -help ] [ -dump-xresources ] [ -dump-xresources-theme ] [ -auto-select ] [ -parse-hosts ] [ -no-parse-known-hosts ] [ -combi-modi mode1,mode2 ] [ -normal-window ] [ -fake-transparency ] [ -quiet ] [ -glob ] [ -regex ] [ -tokenize ] [ -threads num ]

DESCRIPTION

rofi is an X11 popup window switcher, run dialog, dmenu replacement and more. It focuses on being fast to use and have minimal distraction. It supports keyboard and mouse navigation, type to filter, tokenized search and more.

USAGE

rofi can be used in three ways, single-shot; executes once and directly exits when done, as a daemon listening to specific key-combination or emulating dmenu.

    Single-shot mode

To launch rofi directly in a certain mode, specify a mode with rofi -show <mode>. To show the run dialog:

rofi -show run

    Daemon mode

To launch rofi in daemon mode don't specify any mode, instead keys can be bound to launch a certain mode. To show run-mode by pressing F2 start rofi like this:

rofi -key-run F2

Keybindings can also be specified in the Xresources file.

    Emulating dmenu

rofi can emulate dmenu (a dynamic menu for X) when launched with the -dmenu flag.

The official website for dmenu can be found here http://tools.suckless.org/dmenu/.

OPTIONS

There are currently three methods of setting configuration options:
o Compile time: edit config.c. This method is strongly discouraged.
o Xresources: A method of storing key values in the Xserver. See here https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X_resources for more information. This is the recommended way of configuring rofi.
o Command-line options: Arguments passed to rofi.
The Xresources file expects options starting with rofi. followed by it's name. An Example to set the number of lines:

rofi.lines: 10

Command line options override settings from Xresources file. The same option set as argument: prefixed with a '-':

rofi -lines 10

To get a list of available options, formatted as Xresources entries run:

rofi -dump-xresources

The configuration system supports the following types:
o String
o Integer (signed and unsigned)
o Char
o Boolean
Boolean options have a non-default command-line syntax. Example to enable option X:

-X

to disable it:

-no-X

Below is a list of the most important options:

    General

-help

The help option shows the full list of commandline options and the current set value.

-dump-xresources

Dump the current active configuration in Xresources format to the command-line. This does not validate all passed values (e.g. colors).

-dump-xresources-theme

Dump the current color schme in Xresources format to the command-line.

-key-{mode} KEY

Set the key combination to display a {mode} in daemon mode.

rofi -key-run F12 rofi -key-ssh control+shift+s rofi -key-window SuperL+Tab

-threads num

Specify the number of threads rofi should use:
o 0: Autodetect the number of supported hardware threads.
o 1: Disable threading
o 2..N: Specify the maximum number of threads to use in the thread pool.
-dmenu

Run rofi in dmenu mode. This allows for interactive scripts. In dmenu mode, rofi reads from STDIN, and output to STDOUT. A simple example, displaying 3 pre-defined options:

echo -e "Option #1\nOption #2\nOption #3" | rofi -dmenu

Or get the options from a script:

~/my_script.sh | rofi -dmenu

Pressing shift-enter sends the selected entry to STDOUT and moves to the next entry.

-show mode

Open rofi in a certain mode. Available modes are window, run, ssh To show the run-dialog:

rofi -show run

-modi mode1,mode1

Specify a ordered, comma separated list of modes to enable. Enabled modes can be changed at runtime. Default key is Ctrl+Tab. If no modes are specified all modes will be enabled. To only show the run and ssh launcher:

rofi -modi "run,ssh" -show run

Custom modes can be added using the internal 'script' mode. Each mode has two parameters:

<name>:<script>

Example: Have a mode 'Workspaces' using the i3_switch_workspace.sh script:

rofi -modi "window,run,ssh,Workspaces:i3_switch_workspaces.sh" -show Workspaces

-case-sensitive

Start in case sensitive mode.

-quiet

Do not print any message when starting in daemon mode.

-fuzzy

Enable experimental fuzzy matching.

-filter filter

Filter the list by setting text in input bar to filter

    Theming

All colors are either hex #rrggbb values or X11 color names. -bg

-bg-active

-bg-urgent

Set background color in menu.

rofi -bg "#222222"

Default: #f2f1f0

-bgalt

Set background color for alternating rows in menu.

rofi -bgalt "#222222"

Default: #f2f1f0

-bc

Set border color for menu.

rofi -bc black

Default: black

-bw

Set border width in pixels.

rofi -bw 1

Default: 1

-fg

-fg-urgent

-fg-active

Set foreground text color for the menu.

rofi -fg "#cccccc"

Default: #222222

-hlbg

-hlbg-active

-hlbg-urgent

Set background color for the highlighted item in the menu.

rofi -hlbg "#005577"

Default: #005577

-hlfg

-hlfg-active

-hlfg-urgent

Set foreground text color for the highlighted item in the menu.

rofi -hlfg "#ffffff"

Default: #FFFFFF

-font

Specify a font. Pango syntax is used.

rofi -font "Dejavu Sans Mono 14"

Default: mono 12

-opacity

Set window opacity (0-100).

rofi -opacity "75"

Default: 100

-eh element height

The height of a field in lines. e.g.

echo -e "a\n3|b\n4|c\n5" | rofi -sep '|' -eh 2 -dmenu

Default: 1

The following options are further explained in the theming section:

-color-enabled

Enable the exteneded coloring options.

-color-window background border color separator color/

Set window background, border and separator color.

-color-normal background, foreground, background alt, highlight background, highlight foreground

-color-urgent background, foreground, background alt, highlight background, highlight foreground

-color-active background, foreground, background alt, highlight background, highlight foreground

Specify the colors used in a row per state (normal, active, urgent).

-line-margin

Set the spacing between the rows.

Default: *3* Min: *3* Max: *50*

-separator-style style

Set separator style. Possible options are "none", "solid" or "dash".

Default: *dash*

-hide-scrollbar

Hide the scrollbar.

-scrollbar-width width

Set the scrollbar width.

-glob

Use glob style matching Warning this option might be slow on large lists

-regex

Use regex matching

-tokenize

Tokenize the input.

    Layout

-lines

Maximum number of lines to show before scrolling.

rofi -lines 25

Default: 15

-columns

Number of columns to show before scrolling.

rofi -columns 2

Default: 1

-width [value]

Set width of menu. [value] is specified in percentage.

rofi -width 60

If [value] is larger then 100, size is set in pixels. Example to span a full hd monitor:

rofi -width 1920

If [value] is negative, it tries to estimates a character width. To show 30 characters on a row:

rofi -width -30

Character width is a rough estimation, and might not be correct, but should work for most monospaced fonts.

Default: 50

-location

Specify where the window should be located. The numbers map to the following locations on screen:

1 2 3 8 0 4 7 6 5

Default: 0

-fixed-num-lines

Keep a fixed number of visible lines (See the -lines option.)

-padding

Define the inner margin of the window.

Default: 5

-fullscreen

Use the full screen height and width.

-sidebar-mode

Open in sidebar-mode. In this mode a list of all enabled modes is shown at the bottom. (See -modi option) To show sidebar use:

rofi -show run -sidebar-mode -lines 0

-lazy-filter-limit limit

The number of entries required for rofi to go into lazy filter mode. In lazy filter mode, it won't re-filter the list on each keypress, but only after rofi been idle for 250ms. Experiments shows that the default (5000 lines) works well, set to 0 to always enable.

Default: 5000

-auto-select

When one entry is left, automatically select it.

-m num -monitor num

Select (Xinerama) monitor to display rofi on. The special number -1 denotes the currently focused monitor, the number -2 denotes the currently focused window (i.e. rofi will be displayed on top of the focused window).

Default: *-1*

    PATTERN setting

-terminal

Specify what terminal to start.

rofi -terminal xterm

Pattern: {terminal} Default: x-terminal-emulator

-ssh-client client

Override the used ssh client.

Pattern: {ssh-client} Default: ssh

    SSH settings

-ssh-command cmd

Set the command to execute when starting a ssh session. The pattern {host} is replaced by the selected ssh entry.

Default: {terminal} -e {ssh-client} {host}

-parse-hosts

Parse the /etc/hosts file for entries.

Default: disabled

-parse-known-hosts -no-parse-known-hosts

Parse the ~/.ssh/known_hosts file for entries.

Default: enabled

    Run settings

-run-command cmd

Set command ({cmd}) to execute when running an application. See PATTERN.

Default: {cmd}

-run-shell-command cmd

Set command to execute when running an application in a shell. See PATTERN.

Default: {terminal} -e {cmd}

-run-list-command cmd

If set, use an external tool to generate list of executable commands. Uses 'run-command'

Default: ""

    Combi settings

-combi-modi mode1,mode2

The modi to combine in combi mode. For syntax to see -modi. To get one merge view, of window,run,ssh:

rofi -show combi -combi-modi "window,run,ssh"

    History and Sorting

-disable-history -no-disable-history (re-enable history)

Disable history

-levenshtein-sort to enable -no-levenshtein-sort to disable

When searching sort the result based on levenshtein distance.

    Dmenu specific

-sep separator

Separator for dmenu. Example: To show list 'a' to 'e' with '|' as separator:

echo "a|b|c|d|e" | rofi -sep '|' -dmenu

-p prompt

Specify the prompt to show in dmenu mode. E.g. select monkey a,b,c,d or e.

echo "a|b|c|d|e" | rofi -sep '|' -dmenu -p "monkey:"

Default: dmenu

-selected-row selected row

Select a certain row.

Default: 0

-l number of lines to show

Maximum number of lines the menu may show before scrolling.

rofi -lines 25

Default: 15

-i

Makes dmenu searches case-insensitive

-a X

Active row, mark row X as active. (starting at 0) You can specify single element: -a 3 A range: -a 3-8 or a set of rows: -a 0,2 or any combination: -a 0,2-3,9

-u X

Urgent row, mark row X as urgent. (starting at 0) You can specify single element: -u 3 A range: -u 3-8 or a set of rows: -u 0,2 or any combination: -u 0,2-3,9

-only-match

Only return a selected item, do not allow custom entry. This mode always returns an entry, or returns directly when no entries given.

-no-custom

Only return a selected item, do not allow custom entry. This mode returns directly when no entries given.

-format format

Allows the output of dmenu to be customized (N is total number of input entries):
o 's' selected string.
o 'i' index (0 - (N-1)).
o 'd' index (1 - N).
o 'q' quote string.
o 'f' filter string (user input).
o 'F' quoted filter string (user input).
Default: 's'

-select string

Select first line that matches the given string

-mesg string

Add a message line below the filter entry box. Supports pango markup. For more information on supported markup see here https://developer.gnome.org/pango/stable/PangoMarkupFormat.html

-normal-window

Make rofi reacts like a normal application window. Useful for scripts like Clerk that are basically an application.

-dump

Dump the filtered list to stdout and quit. This can be used to get the list as rofi would filter it. Use together with -filter command.

-input file

Reads from file instead of stdin.

    Message dialog

-e message

Popup a message dialog (used internally for showing errors) with message. Message can be multi-line.

    Other

'-pid' path

Make rofi create a pid file and check this on startup. Avoiding multiple copies running simultaneously. This is useful when running rofi from a keybinding daemon.

-fake-transparency

Enable fake transparency. This only works with transparent background color in the theme, not the opacity setting.

    Debug

-no-config

Disable parsing of configuration. This runs rofi in stock mode.

PATTERN

To launch commands (e.g. when using the ssh launcher) the user can enter the used command-line, the following keys can be used that will be replaced at runtime:
o {host}: The host to connect to.
o {terminal}: The configured terminal (See -terminal-emulator)
o {ssh-client}: The configured ssh client (See -ssh-client)
o {cmd}: The command to execute.

DMENU REPLACEMENT

If argv[0] (calling command) is dmenu, rofi will start in dmenu mode. This way it can be used as a drop-in replacement for dmenu. just copy or symlink rofi to dmenu in $PATH.

ln -s /usr/bin/rofi /usr/bin/dmenu

SIGNALS

HUP

If in daemon mode, reload the configuration from Xresources. (commandline arguments still -override Xresources). This will also reload configured key-bindings.

INT

If in daemon mode, quits rofi.

USR1

If in daemon mode, dumps the current configuration to stdout. Similar to -xresources-dump

THEMING

With rofi 0.15.4 we have a new way of specifying colors, the old settings still apply (for now). To enable the new setup, set rofi.color-enabled to true. The new setup allows you to specify colors per state, similar to i3 Currently 3 states exists:
o normal Normal row.
o urgent Highlighted row (urgent)
o active Highlighted row (active)
For each state the following 5 colors must be set:
o bg Background color row
o fg Text color
o bgalt Background color alternating row
o hlfg Foreground color selected row
o hlbg Background color selected row
The window background and border color should be specified separate. The key color-window contains a pair background,border. An example for Xresources file:

! State: 'bg', 'fg', 'bgalt', 'hlbg', 'hlfg' rofi.color-normal: #fdf6e3, #002b36, #eee8d5, #586e75, #eee8d5 rofi.color-urgent: #fdf6e3, #dc322f, #eee8d5, #dc322f, #fdf6e3 rofi.color-active: #fdf6e3, #268bd2, #eee8d5, #268bd2, #fdf6e3

! 'background', 'border' rofi.color-window: #fdf6e3, #002b36

Same settings can also be specified on command-line:

rofi -color-normal "#fdf6e3,#002b36,#eee8d5,#586e75,#eee8d5"

COLORS

Rofi has an experimental mode for a 'nicer' transparency. The idea is to make the background of the window transparent, leaving the text opaque. There are 2 requirements for this feature: 1. Your Xserver supports TrueColor, 2. You are running a composite manager. If this is satisfied you can use the following format for colors:

argb:FF444444

The first two fields specify the alpha level. This determines the amount of transparency. (00 everything, FF nothing). The other fields represent the actual color, in hex.

KEYBINDINGS

rofi has the following key-bindings:
o Ctrl-v, Insert: Paste clipboard
o Ctrl-Shift-v, Shift-Insert: Paste primary selection
o Ctrl-u: Clear the line
o Ctrl-a: Beginning of line
o Ctrl-e: End of line
o Ctrl-f, Right: Forward one character
o Alt-f: Forward one word
o Ctrl-b, Left: Back one character
o Alt-b: Back one word
o Ctrl-d, Delete: Delete character
o Ctrl-Alt-d: Delete word
o Ctrl-h, Backspace: Backspace (delete previous character)
o Ctrl-Alt-h: Delete previous word
o Ctrl-j,Ctrl-m,Enter: Accept entry
o Ctrl-n,Down: Select next entry
o Ctrl-p,Up: Select previous entry
o Page Up: Go to the previous page
o Page Down: Go to the next page
o Ctrl-Page Up: Go to the previous column
o Ctrl-Page Down: Go to the next column
o Ctrl-Enter: Use entered text as command (in ssh/run modi)
o Shift-Enter: Launch the application in a terminal (in run mode)
o Shift-Enter: Return the selected entry and move to the next item while keeping Rofi open. (in dmenu)
o Shift-Right: Switch to the next modi. The list can be customized with the -switchers argument.
o Shift-Left: Switch to the previous modi. The list can be customized with the -switchers argument.
o Ctrl-Tab: Switch to the next modi. The list can be customized with the -switchers argument.
o Ctrl-Shift-Tab: Switch to the previous modi. The list can be customized with the -switchers argument.
o Ctrl-space: Set selected item as input text.
o Shift-Del: Delete entry from history.
o grave: Toggle case sensitivity.
o Alt-grave: Toggle levenshtein sorting.
o Alt-Shift-S: Take a screenshot and store this in the Pictures directory.
To get a full list of keybindings, see rofi -dump-xresources | grep kb-. Keybindings can be modified using the configuration systems.

Available Modi

    Window

Show a list of all the windows and allow switching between them.

    WindowCD

Shows a list of the windows on the current desktop and allows switching between them.

    Run

Shows a list of executables in $PATH and can launch them (optional in a terminal).

    DRun

Same as the run launches, but the list is created from the installed desktop files. It automatically launches them in a terminal if specified in the Desktop File.

    SSH

Shows a list of SSH targets based on your ssh config file, and allows to quickly ssh into them.

    Script

Allows custom scripted Modi to be added.

FAQ

Text in window switcher is not nicely lined out

Try using a mono-space font.

rofi is completely black.

Check quotes used on the commandline: e.g. used “ instead of ".

rofi what does the icon in the top right show?

- Case sensitivity enabled + Sorting enabled ± Sorting and Case sensitivity enabled"

LICENSE

MIT/X11

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

WEBSITE

rofi website can be found at here https://davedavenport.github.io/rofi/

rofi bugtracker can be found here https://github.com/DaveDavenport/rofi/issues

AUTHOR

Qball Cow qball@gmpclient.org

Rasmus Steinke rasi@xssn.at

Original code based on work by: Sean Pringle sean.pringle@gmail.com

For a full list of authors, check the AUTHORS file.

Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section 1 |  Main Index


ROFI-MANPAGE () December 2015

Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with manServer 1.07.