|defined when compiling into headers|
|defined when compiling into XDR routines|
|defined when compiling into server-side stubs|
|defined when compiling into client-side stubs|
|defined when compiling into RPC dispatch tables|
Any line beginning with "%" is passed directly into the output file, uninterpreted by rpcgen. To specify the path name of the C preprocessor use -Y flag.
For every data type referred to in infile, rpcgen assumes that there exists a routine with the string xdr_ prepended to the name of the data type. If this routine does not exist in the RPC/XDR library, it must be provided. Providing an undefined data type allows customization of xdr(3) routines.
The following options are available:
-a Generate all files, including sample files. -b Backward compatibility mode. Generate transport specific RPC code for older versions of the operating system. -c Compile into XDR routines. -C Generate ANSI C code. This is always done, the flag is only provided for backwards compatibility. -D name
Define a symbol name. Equivalent to the #define directive in the source. If no value is given, value is defined as 1. This option may be specified more than once. -h Compile into C data-definitions (a header). -T option can be used in conjunction to produce a header which supports RPC dispatch tables. -i size Size at which to start generating inline code. This option is useful for optimization. The default size is 5.
Note: in order to provide backwards compatibility with the older rpcgen on the
.Fx platform, the default is actually 0 (which means that inline code generation is disabled by default). You must specify a non-zero value explicitly to override this default.
-I Compile support for inetd(8) in the server side stubs. Such servers can be self-started or can be started by inetd(8). When the server is self-started, it backgrounds itself by default. A special define symbol RPC_SVC_FG can be used to run the server process in foreground, or the user may simply compile without the -I option.
If there are no pending client requests, the inetd(8) servers exit after 120 seconds (default). The default can be changed with the -K option. All the error messages for inetd(8) servers are always logged with syslog(3).
Note: Contrary to some systems, in
.Fx this option is needed to generate servers that can be invoked through portmonitors and inetd(8).
-K seconds By default, services created using rpcgen and invoked through port monitors wait 120 seconds after servicing a request before exiting. That interval can be changed using the -K flag. To create a server that exits immediately upon servicing a request, use -K 0. To create a server that never exits, the appropriate argument is -K -1.
When monitoring for a server, some portmonitors always spawn a new process in response to a service request. If it is known that a server will be used with such a monitor, the server should exit immediately on completion. For such servers, rpcgen should be used with -K 0.
-l Compile into client-side stubs. -L When the servers are started in foreground, use syslog(3) to log the server errors instead of printing them on the standard error. -m Compile into server-side stubs, but do not generate a "main" routine. This option is useful for doing callback-routines and for users who need to write their own "main" routine to do initialization. -M Generate multithread-safe stubs for passing arguments and results between rpcgen generated code and user written code. This option is useful for users who want to use threads in their code. However, the rpc_svc_calls(3) functions are not yet MT-safe, which means that rpcgen generated server-side code will not be MT-safe. -N Allow procedures to have multiple arguments. It also uses the style of parameter passing that closely resembles C. So, when passing an argument to a remote procedure, you do not have to pass a pointer to the argument, but can pass the argument itself. This behavior is different from the old style of rpcgen generated code. To maintain backward compatibility, this option is not the default. -n netid Compile into server-side stubs for the transport specified by netid. There should be an entry for netid in the netconfig database. This option may be specified more than once, so as to compile a server that serves multiple transports. -o outfile Specify the name of the output file. If none is specified, standard output is used -( -c , -h , -l , -m , -n , -s , -Sc , -Sm , -Ss , and -t modes only). -P Compile support for port monitors in the server side stubs.
Note: Contrary to some systems, in
.Fx this option is needed to generate servers that can be monitored.
If the -I option has been specified, -P is turned off automatically.
-s nettype Compile into server-side stubs for all the transports belonging to the class nettype. The supported classes are netpath, visible, circuit_n, circuit_v, datagram_n, datagram_v, tcp, and udp (see rpc(3) for the meanings associated with these classes). This option may be specified more than once. Note: the transports are chosen at run time and not at compile time. -Sc Generate sample client code that uses remote procedure calls. -Sm Generate a sample Makefile which can be used for compiling the application. -Ss Generate sample server code that uses remote procedure calls. -t Compile into RPC dispatch table. -T Generate the code to support RPC dispatch tables.
The options -c , -h , -l , -m , -s , -Sc , -Sm , -Ss , and -t are used exclusively to generate a particular type of file, while the options -D and -T are global and can be used with the other options.
-Y pathname Give the name of the directory where rpcgen will start looking for the C-preprocessor.
If the RPCGEN_CPP environment variable is set, its value is used as the command line of the C preprocessor to be run on the input file.
The following example:
example% rpcgen -T prot.x
generates all the five files: prot.h, prot_clnt.c, prot_svc.c, prot_xdr.c and prot_tbl.i.
The following example sends the C data-definitions (header) to the standard output.
example% rpcgen -h prot.x
To send the test version of the -D TEST, server side stubs for all the transport belonging to the class datagram_n to standard output, use:
example% rpcgen -s datagram_n -DTEST prot.x
To create the server side stubs for the transport indicated by netid tcp, use:
example% rpcgen -n tcp -o prot_svc.c prot.x
cc(1), rpc(3), rpc_svc_calls(3), syslog(3), xdr(3), inetd(8)
.Rs The rpcgen chapter in the NETP manual