|The location is number 512-byte blocks.|
|The location is number bytes.|
|-f||The -f option causes tail to not stop when end of file is reached, but rather to wait for additional data to be appended to the input. The -f option is ignored if the standard input is a pipe, but not if it is a FIFO.|
option implies the
will also check to see if the file being followed has been renamed or rotated.
The file is closed and reopened when
detects that the filename being read from has a new inode number.
If the file being followed does not (yet) exist or if it is removed, tail will keep looking and will display the file from the beginning if and when it is created.
The -F option is the same as the -f option if reading from standard input rather than a file.
|The location is number lines.|
|-q||Suppresses printing of headers when multiple files are being examined.|
|-r||The -r option causes the input to be displayed in reverse order, by line. Additionally, this option changes the meaning of the -b -, -c and -n options. When the -r option is specified, these options specify the number of bytes, lines or 512-byte blocks to display, instead of the bytes, lines or blocks from the beginning or end of the input from which to begin the display. The default for the -r option is to display all of the input.|
If more than a single file is specified, each file is preceded by a header consisting of the string "==> XXX <==" where XXX is the name of the file unless -q flag is specified.
To display the last 500 lines of the file foo:
$ tail -n 500 foo
Keep /var/log/messages open, displaying to the standard output anything appended to the file:
$ tail -f /var/log/messages
The tail utility is expected to be a superset of the -p1003.2-92 specification. In particular, the -F , -b and -r options are extensions to that standard.
The historic command line syntax of tail is supported by this implementation. The only difference between this implementation and historic versions of tail, once the command line syntax translation has been done, is that the -b , -c and -n options modify the -r option, i.e., "-r -c 4" displays the last 4 characters of the last line of the input, while the historic tail (using the historic syntax "-4cr") would ignore the -c option and display the last 4 lines of the input.
A tail command appeared in PWB UNIX.