GSP
Quick Navigator

Search Site

Unix VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Support
Contact Us
Online Help
Handbooks
Domain Status
Man Pages

FAQ
Virtual Servers
Pricing
Billing
Technical

Network
Facilities
Connectivity
Topology Map

Miscellaneous
Server Agreement
Year 2038
Credits
 

USA Flag

 

 

Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  XDIR (1)

NAME

LLNL XDIR - A graphical network-oriented file manager

CONTENTS

Synopsis
Description
Options
Getting Started
Directory Window Toolbar
Directory Window Commands
General Preferences
Viewer Preferences
Launcher Preferences
Firewall Preferences
Edit History
Limitations
Files
Availability
Support
Copyright
See Also
Author

SYNOPSIS

xdir [options] [directory path]

DESCRIPTION

LLNL XDIR provides a graphical user interface for file transfer and for direct manipulation of local and remote directories on UNIX (and a number of non-UNIX) platforms. LLNL XDIR offers the ability to view directory information in four different formats, ranging from long lists to tree structures. LLNL XDIR is based on UNIX, the C programming language, OSF/Motif and FTP; hence, LLNL XDIR is highly portable.

With LLNL XDIR, you can manage virtually all of your files in a network. Specifically, LLNL XDIR can be used to browse directory structures, transfer files and directories, view local and remote files, delete files and directories, rename files and directories, and search directories on one or more hosts for entries matching a specified pattern.

LLNL XDIR simultaneously displays any number of directories of any number of (local or remote) hosts, with each directory being displayed in its own window. Several existing products are able to manage files on a single system, but LLNL XDIR extends this capability to manage files on an entire network.

LLNL XDIR does not have a "main" window, as such, but instead consists of a number of windows, each of which displays the contents of a local or remote host’s directory. Each of these "directory windows" has a complete set of controls for setting modes and invoking operations. Several other windows are provided for setting general preferences and displaying diagnostic information.

LLNL XDIR offers elaborate directory-browsing functionality. Each directory can be viewed in several different formats, ranging from long lists to tree structures. A number of mechanisms are provided to traverse directory structures, including: (1) double-clicking a directory name/icon to enter that directory, (2) a "go to parent directory" button, (3) a "go to home directory" button, and (4) a sophisticated history mechanism for easily reentering previously visited directories.

LLNL XDIR provides powerful file transfer capability using drag-and-drop. It is just as easy to copy a file between two remote systems as it is to copy a file from the local host to itself. Files and directories may be transferred either singly or in groups with just a few movements of the mouse.

One of LLNL XDIR’s most powerful features is its ability to search directory structures for entry names matching a specified pattern. You are able to specify the range and depth of such searches. The search can be restricted to a single subdirectory or can extend across machine boundaries.

With LLNL XDIR, you are able to view local or remote files, using either the built-in viewer or any combination of external viewers of your choice (e.g., emacs or xv).

LLNL XDIR’s history mechanism makes it simple to establish a connection with a remote host. This and other features make it especially painless to connect to an anonymous FTP site.

A number of directory-manipulation features are provided for operating on selected entries. There are several ways to select a group of directory entries to operate on, including direct toggling of entries, sweeping out a rectangular area, and wildcard selection. Once entries are selected, you are able to rename entries, delete entries (including entire subdirectories), or move entries between directories within the same host. You are also able to create directories, both on local and remote hosts.

LLNL XDIR utilizes a history mechanism for automatically saving (1) wildcard expressions used in selecting directory entries, (2) previously visited directories, (3) host/user name pairs used in connecting to remote hosts, and (4) low-level "quoted" commands sent to the host’s FTP server. The purpose of this mechanism is to reduce the amount of typing and mouse movement required. For example, when you wish to apply a wildcard expression to select directory entries to operate on, a list of recently referenced wildcard expressions for that host will be presented; you can then double-click on an existing wildcard expression to apply it. The histories are automatically preserved across LLNL XDIR sessions.

LLNL XDIR presents a graphical user interface for easily tailoring the program’s behavior. You are able to specify such things as whether you would like the delete operation to first pop up a verification dialog listing the entries to be deleted.

Finally, an extensive on-line help facility, much of which is contextual, is provided. However, experience has shown that the user interface is so intuitive that the user rarely needs to access the help package.

OPTIONS

LLNL XDIR accepts all of the standard X Toolkit command line options, as well as the following option:

-color

Force LLNL XDIR to use a nice color scheme, even if the application defaults file, XDir, is not found.

GETTING STARTED

When LLNL XDIR is started, a window appears that displays the contents of a directory on the local host. This window is called a "directory window." You can have any number of directory windows for any number of hosts.

Use the Connect menu to connect to a remote host. Select Connect to Anonymous to connect to an anonymous FTP site. Choose Connect to Remote to connect to other remote hosts. A directory window will be created for the specified host.

You can use a host’s directory window to create another directory window for that host, First make sure that tunneling mode is off for that directory window (using the tunnel icon in the toolbar). Then, simply change to another undisplayed directory by using any of the following techniques: (1) double-click an entry name or icon that represents a directory, (2) press the "go to parent directory" button (the up-arrow button in the toolbar), (3) press the "go to home directory" button (the house button in the toolbar), or (4) select an item in the Goto menu. If tunneling mode happens to be on, the current directory window is used to display the specified directory.

LLNL XDIR has several mechanisms to aid you in managing a proliferation of directory windows: (1) directory windows may be individually iconified (using the window manager), (2) all iconified LLNL XDIR windows can be redisplayed by selecting Deiconify All in the File menu, (3) any request to display a directory that is iconified or buried under other windows causes its directory window to be brought to the front, and (4) the Wins menu can be used to identify existing directory windows and bring them to the front.

Change between different formats for displaying information within a directory window by toggling the layout buttons in the directory window’s toolbar.

Many operations require that entries in a directory window first be selected. Select/deselect entries by (1) single-clicking on an entry (which toggles its selection state), (2) holding the left mouse button down and dragging to sweep out a selection rectangle (which individually toggles each entry’s selection state), (3) selecting any of the items in the directory window’s Select menu, or (4) typing a sequence of characters into a directory window to select the first entry that most closely matches the characters.

Copy (i.e., transfer) selected entries by using the left mouse button to drag the entries. The drop site of the drag can be (1) the background of another directory window, (2) a directory entry in any directory window (including the source directory window). Directories, as well as files, can be transferred. LLNL XDIR does not permit transfers from a remote host to itself. The desired file transfer mode can be specified by using the option menu in the toolbar of any directory window.

Move selected entries by using the left mouse button to drag the entries, and holding down the control key when the mouse button is released over the drop site. (A move differs from a transfer in that (1) the source entries are destroyed, and (2) a move is usually implemented by manipulating file system pointers rather than by actually copying bits.) The drop site of the drag may be (1) the background of another directory window, (2) a directory entry in any directory window (including the source directory window). LLNL XDIR only allows moves from a host to itself.

View selected files by selecting View Selected Entries in the directory window’s Ops menu. Also, you may double-click on an entry that LLNL XDIR knows not to be a directory. Configure the viewer by selecting item Viewer Preferences in the Prefs menu. Be sure to first set the file transfer mode by using the option menu in the toolbar of any directory window.

Delete selected entries by pressing the trash can button in the toolbar. Directories, as well as files, may be deleted.

Search for an entry that matches a specified wildcard expression by selecting Search in the Ops menu. You are able to specify the range and depth of the search. After a match has been found, you can continue the search by selecting Search Again in the Ops menu.

Some other operations on selected entries may be invoked by selecting appropriate items in the directory window’s Ops menu.

Abort in-progress operations by pressing the animated stop button in the upper-right corner of the affected directory window (this button is normally labeled "LLNL XDIR"). LLNL XDIR will attempt to return control to you at the earliest possible moment.

Configure LLNL XDIR by selecting the General Preferences item in the Prefs menu.

DIRECTORY WINDOW TOOLBAR

Each directory window has a toolbar that can be used to set modes and to invoke operations. From left to right, the toolbar controls are:

Transfer Mode (Option menu)

The option menu at the left allows you to choose the file transfer mode (ASCII or Binary). This mode is global in scope; hence, changing the value in one directory window will automatically change the value in all directory windows.

Layout Mode (Group of four buttons)

The layout mode controls how the directory entries are displayed. The first button selects "Tabular Layout," in which only the entry names are displayed. The second button selects "Iconic Layout," in which an icon and name is displayed for each entry. In Iconic Layout, five different icons are used to identify the entry type: directory, executable file, generic file, socket, and link. The third button selects "Tree Layout," which is similar to Iconic Layout except that each entry that is a directory also has a small triangle-shaped button, which can be used to expand and collapse the subdirectory. The last button selects "Full Info Layout," which displays as much information about each directory entry as possible (the amount of information available is limited by the host’s FTP server).

Tunneling Mode (Button with picture of tunnel)

If "tunneling mode" is off, entering a directory that is not already displayed will cause a new window to be created to display that directory. If tunneling mode is on, an existing directory window (the one from the which the command was invoked) will be used to display a directory that does not already have it own window.

Dot Files Mode (Button with dot in dog-eared page)

If "dot files mode" is on, then entry names that begin with a dot (i.e., period) will be displayed.

Cache Mode (Button with "C")

If "cache mode" is on, then directory lists from remote hosts will be saved and used to quickly display revisited directories.

DISCLAIMER: Although the cache mechanism is fairly reliable, it is possible to contrive cases involving the move or recursive copy operations in which the cache can get out of sync with the actual directory structure. Use at own risk.

Refresh Directory (Button with starburst shape)

Redisplay this window’s directory.

Go To Parent (Up arrow button)

Display this window’s parent directory.

Also, pressing the right mouse button pops up a menu that contains the paths for each ancestor of this window. Select a path to display that directory.

Go To Home (House button)

Display the home directory of this directory window’s host.

Delete (Trash can button)

Delete selected directory entries.

Make Directory (Button containing folder labeled "New")

Create a directory.

Close (Skull and cross bones button)

Get rid of this directory window.

DIRECTORY WINDOW COMMANDS

LLNL XDIR contains a large number of commands that can be invoked from the directory windows. Most commands are invoked (1) from the menus, (2) from the toolbars, and (3) by dragging and dropping directory entries. Here is a list of the commands:

About LLNL XDIR (in File menu)

Give version information.

Close (in File menu and toolbar)

Remove (not iconify) this directory window. If this directory window is the last for its host, the host is disconnected.

Connect to Anonymous (in Connect menu)

Easily connect to an anonymous FTP site. A dialog pops up to prompt for the remote host, user name and password. The user name is initialized to "anonymous". The password is initialized to the value of the general preference Anonymous Ftp Password (which you will probably want to set to your email address). If the general preference Anonymous Ftp Password is blank, LLNL XDIR will attempt to create a password of the form "user@host". An optional, space-delimited port number may follow the host name. Previously used host/user name pairs are saved across sessions, and those with user names "anonymous" or "ftp" are displayed in the scrolled list Recently Referenced Hosts. Double-clicking on a host/user name pair initiates a connection. Single-clicking on a host/user name pair places those values into the host name and user name fields, where they can be edited. Click on the Connect button to initiate a connection. (If already connected, a directory window for that host is simply brought to the front.) (See general preferences Anonymous Ftp Password, History Sort Order, Max Host Name History, and Max User Name History.)

Connect to Local (in Connect menu)

Connect to the local host (i.e., the host upon which LLNL XDIR is executing). If already connected, an existing directory window for the local host is brought to the front.

Connect to Remote (in Connect menu)

Connect to a remote host (use Connect to Anonymous to more easily connect to an anonymous FTP site). A dialog pops up to prompt for the remote host and user names. The user name is initialized to the value of the environment variable USER. An optional, space-delimited port number may follow the host name. Previously used host/user name pairs are saved across sessions, and those with user names other than "anonymous" and "ftp" are displayed in the scrolled list Recently Referenced Hosts. Double-clicking on a host/user name pair initiates a connection. Single-clicking on a host/user name pair places those values into the host name and user name fields, where they can be edited. Click on the Connect button to initiate a connection. (If already connected, a directory window for the host is simply popped to the top.) (See general preferences History Sort Order, Max Host Name History, and Max User Name History.)

Contextual Help (in Help menu)

Enter contextual-help mode. The mouse cursor changes to a pointing hand. Click on any graphical element in the directory window that you wish to know more about.

Copy (drag-and-drop operation)

Copy (i.e., transfer) the selected files according to the mode (ASCII or Binary) specified in the toolbar’s file transfer mode option menu. Copy selected items by using the left mouse button to drag the items. The drop site of the drag can be (1) the background of another directory window, (2) a directory entry in any directory window (including the source directory window). Directories, as well as files, can be transferred (but the general preference Copy Mode must be set to Recursive). LLNL XDIR does not permit transfers from a remote host to itself. The desired file transfer mode can be specified via the option menu in the toolbar of any directory window. Set general preference Copy Mode to Recursive to allow copying of directories. Set general preference Overwrite Dir On Copy to specify whether or not it is okay to overwrite an existing directory. A dialog pops up to enable the user to monitor the progress of the transfers. This dialog contains a button for aborting the transfers. (See general preferences Beep When Ops Done, Copy Mode, Initial Transfer Mode, Inquire On Copy, and Overwrite Dir On Copy.)

Delete Selected Entries (in Ops menu and toolbar)

Delete the selected entries. Set general preference Delete Mode to Recursive to allow deletion of nonempty directories. A dialog pops up to enable the user to monitor the progress of the deletions. This dialog contains a button for aborting the deletions. (See general preferences Beep When Ops Done, Delete Mode and Inquire On Delete.)

Deselect All Entries (in Select menu)

Deselect all the entries in this directory window.

Deiconify All (in File menu)

Deiconify all top-level windows in the application.

Diagnostics (in Wins menu)

Display the diagnostics window.

Disconnect (in Connect menu)

Terminate the connection to this directory window’s host. All directory windows associated with this host are closed.

Edit History (in File menu)

Display the Edit History dialog. See section Edit History for details.

Firewall Preferences (in Prefs menu)

Display the Firewall Preferences window. See section Firewall Preferences for details.

Getting Started (in Help menu)

Learn how to get started using LLNL XDIR.

General Preferences (in Prefs menu)

Display the General Preferences window. See section General Preferences for details.

Go to Ancestor ((in Goto menu and toolbar)

Display an ancestor of this directory window.

Go to Directory (in Goto menu)

Display a directory. A dialog pops up to prompt for the directory path. The directory may be specified with a full or relative path. Previously referenced directories are saved and displayed in a scrollable list. Double-click on a path in the list to display that directory. Single click on a path in the list to place that entry into text field Directory, where it can be edited. Click on the OK button to change to the directory displayed in the text field. (See general preferences History Sort Order, Max Dir Name History, and Max Host Name History.)

Go to Home Directory (in Goto menu and toolbar)

Display the home directory of this directory window’s host.

Go to Parent Directory (in Goto menu and toolbar)

Display the parent directory of this directory window.

Iconify All (in File menu)

Iconify all top-level windows in the application.

Launch (submenu in Ops menu and popup menu in entries area)

Launch application as a child process. Select a command name in the Launch submenu to fork and exec the associated command. See section Launcher Preferences for details on constructing commands.) When a command is launched, placeholders are replaced by their values as follows: "%u" is replaced by the user name, "%h" is replaced by the host name, "%s" is replaced by the name of a selected entry, and "%l" is replaced by the blank-delimited names of all selected entries. If "%s" is used, then the command is launched once for each selected entry, each time "%s" being replaced by the full path of the next selected entry name.

Launcher Preferences (in Prefs menu)

Display the Launcher Preferences window. See section Launcher Preferences for details.

LLNL XDIR Overview (in Help menu)

Give a high-level description of LLNL XDIR.

Make Directory (in Ops menu and toolbar)

Pop up a dialog to prompt for the name of a directory to create in the displayed directory.

Move (drag-and-drop operation)

Move selected entries from one directory to another on the same host. Move selected items by using the left mouse button to drag the items, and holding down the control key when the mouse button is released over the drop site. (A move differs from a transfer in that (1) the source entries are destroyed, and (2) a move is usually implemented by manipulating file system pointers rather than by actually copying bits.) The drop site of the drag can be (1) the background of another directory window, and (2) a directory entry in any directory window (including the source directory window). LLNL XDIR only allows moves from a host to itself. A dialog pops up to enable the user to monitor the progress of the moves. This dialog contains a button for aborting the move operations. (See general preferences Beep When Ops Done, and Inquire on Move.)

Quit (in File menu)

Terminate the application.

Refresh Directory (in Ops menu)

Redisplay this window’s directory.

Rename Selected Entries (in Ops menu)

Pop up a dialog to individually rename selected entries.

Save Preferences (in Prefs menu)

Save the current settings of the general, viewer, and launcher preferences.

Search (in Ops menu)

Pop up a dialog to initiate a search of directory windows for entry names that match a specified pattern. The pattern to be matched can contain the usual wildcard characters (’*’, ’?’, ’[’, and ’]’). The toggle item Match Case controls whether case (upper or lower) should be considered when looking for a match. The Maximum Search Depth slider is used to specify the maximum number of directory levels the search command will explore when looking for an entry that matches the specified pattern. Choose one of the toggle items, Search this directory, Search all displayed directories of this host, or Search all displayed directories of all hosts, to specify which directory windows (and their descendants) are to be searched.

When the OK button is pressed, a dialog appears to monitor the progress of the search. This dialog contains a button that can be used to abort the search.

If a match is found in a directory that is already displayed, the entry is selected, scrolled into view, and its directory window is brought to the front. If a match is found in a directory that is not already displayed, there are two cases: If the search was initiated from a directory window with tunneling mode on, the entry’s directory is displayed in that directory window; otherwise a new window is created to display the entry’s directory.

Use Search Again to continue the search once an entry has been found. (See general preferences Beep When Ops Done, Initial Max Search Depth, Initial Search Case Match, and Initial Search Range).

Search Again (in Ops menu)

Search for the next entry that satisfies the search criteria specified by the last search command. (See general preference Beep When Ops Done).

Select All Entries (in Select menu)

Select all the entries in this window.

Send Quoted Command (in Ops menu)

Pop up a dialog to prompt for a "raw" command to send to the FTP server of the remote host. Previously issued commands are saved and displayed in a scrolled list. Double-clicking on a command in the list issues that command. To have a command act on selected entries, use the quote placeholder ("%s") to represent a selected item. For example, type "stage 1 %s" to send a STAGE command to the the remote host for each selected entry. (See general preference Beep When Ops Done and Max Quoted Cmd History.)

Use Wildcard (in Select menu)

Pop up a dialog to prompt for a wildcard expression to use in selecting entries in this directory window. Previously referenced wildcard expressions are saved and displayed in a scrolled list. Double-clicking on an item in the list applies that wildcard expression. Single-clicking on an item in the list places the expression in a text field where it may be edited. Choose the toggle item Replace Selection to cause the currently selected entries to be cleared before applying the wildcard. Choose the toggle item Add to Selection to cause the entries selected by the wildcard to be added to the current selection. (See general preference Initial Wildcard Mode and Max Wildcard History).

Using Help (in Help menu)

Describe the online help package.

View Selected Files (in Ops menu)

Display the selected files. The viewer preferences dialog (accessible via the Prefs menu) can be used to control whether files will be displayed using the built-in viewer or using an external viewer of the user’s choice (e.g., emacs or xv). The selection of the viewer is configurable, based on the file extension (e.g., ".gif" or ".jpg").

The file is transferred according to the mode (ASCII or Binary) specified in the toolbar of the directory window. A dialog pops up to enable the user to monitor the progress of the transfer. This dialog contains a button for aborting the transfer.

The destination of the transfer is a temporary directory created in the directory defined as P_tmpdir in the include file "/usr/include/stdio.h". If the environment variable TMPDIR is defined, it is used as the directory. The temporary directory, and the files it contains, are automatically deleted when the user dismisses the viewer or terminates LLNL XDIR.

If the file is recognized as being compressed, it is expanded before viewing. LLNL XDIR excutes the following decompressors based on the file extension: gunzip for ".z" and ".gz"; uncompress for ".Z"; atob for "atob"; and uudecode for ".uu". LLNL XDIR searches for the decompressor application in the standard way using the PATH environment variable.

Viewer Preferences (in Prefs menus)

Display the viewer preferences window. See section Viewer Preferences for details.

GENERAL PREFERENCES

Selecting item General Preferences in a directory window’s Prefs menu pops up a dialog that allows you to configure LLNL XDIR according to your tastes. Use the option menu at the top of the window to display a subset of the configuration parameters, whos values may then be changed by either toggling, sliding, or typing. Click the Apply button to cause the new values to take effect. The OK button has the same effect as Apply, but the dialog is also closed. The Cancel button undoes changes made since OK or Apply were last pressed. The preferences can be preserved across LLNL XDIR sessions in a text file named ".xdirrc" in your home directory.

Anonymous Ftp Password

The value to initialize the Password field of the Connect to Anonymous dialog to. This is normally your email address. If the value is blank, LLNL XDIR attempts to construct a password of the form "user@host". The Connect to Anonymous dialog is accessible via each directory window’s Connect menu.

Beep When Ops Done

Specifes whether to beep when each set of deletion, move, quoted command, search, and file transfer operations completes.

Copy Mode

Specifies whether to allow recursive file transfers.

Connection_Check_Time

Specifies the number of minutes of inactivity with a remote host which, if exceeded, will cause LLNL XDIR to refresh (or reestablish) the connection before sending the next command to that remote host.

Delete Mode

Specifies whether to allow recursive delete operations.

History Sort Order

Specifies how to sort history items (such as names of previously visited directories) when they are displayed in dialogs and menus. If Alphanumeric, then sort by the ASCII-collating sequence. If By Last Use, then the most recently used items are placed at the top of the list.

Initial Cache Mode

Specifies cache mode for the first created directory window. Cache mode controls whether directory lists from remote hosts will be saved and used to quickly display revisited directories. Each subsequently created directory window inherits its cache mode from its parent directory window.

DISCLAIMER: Although the cache mechanism is fairly reliable, it is possible to contrive cases involving the move or recursive copy operations in which the cache can get out of sync with the actual directory structure. Use at own risk.

Initial Diagnostics

The default level of diagnostics information to be written to the diagnostics window. Choose Quiet for error messages, only. Choose Normal for error messages and success messages. Choose Verbose for error messages, success messages, and replies received from the FTP servers. Choose Debug for error messages, success messages, commands sent to the FTP servers, replies received from the FTP servers, and other assorted diagnostics.

Initial Directory Layout

The layout used by the first created directory window. Each subsequently created directory window inherits its directory layout mode from its parent directory window.

Initial Dot Files Mode

Specifies whether the first created directory window will display dot files. Each subsequently created directory window inherits its dot files mode from its parent directory window.

Initial Max Search Depth

The default maximum number of directory levels the search command will explore when looking for an entry that matches the specified pattern.

Initial Max Viewer Width

The maximum initial width in characters that the built-in viewer takes on. The first part of the file to be viewed is examined to determine an appropriate width to initialize the viewer to. The initial width will not exceed the value of this preference.

Initial Search Direction

The default value that specifies the direction to search the built-in file viewer for a text string using the "Find" operation.

Initial Search Case Match

The default value that specifies whether search or find commands should consider case when looking for an entry that matches the specified pattern.

Initial Search Range

The default value used as the search range in the Search dialog. Choose This Dir to make Search this directory the default. Choose This Host to make Search all displayed directories of this host the default. Choose All Hosts to make Search all displayed directories of all hosts the default.

Initial Transfer Mode

The default file transfer mode (ASCII or Binary).

Initial Tunneling Mode

Specifies tunneling mode for the first created directory window. Tunneling mode controls whether or not a new directory window is created to display a directory. Each subsequently created directory window inherits its tunneling mode from its parent directory window.

Initial Wildcard Mode

The default mode of the Use Wildcard dialog. Choose Replace to make Replace Selection the default. Choose Add to make Add to Selection the default.

Inquire On Copy

Specifies whether to pop up a dialog that asks the user to confirm that the indicated file transfers should take place.

Inquire On Delete

Specifies whether to pop up a dialog that asks the user to confirm that the indicated delete operations should take place.

Inquire On Move

Specifies whether to pop up a dialog that asks the user to confirm that the indicated moves should take place.

Inquire On Quoted Cmd

Specifies whether to pop up a dialog that asks the user to confirm that the indicated commands should be sent.

Max Dir Cache Len (KB)

Specifies the maximum size (in kilobytes) of the directory cache.

Max Dir Name History

The maximum number of previously referenced directory paths saved per host. These path names are preserved across LLNL XDIR sessions.

Max Ftp Retries

Specifies the maximum number of retries LLNL XDIR will attempt if it receives a response from an FTP server that indicates the desired operation failed because of some temporary condition on the remote host.

Max Host Name History

The maximum number of hosts to save history items for. The history information is preserved across LLNL XDIR sessions.

Max Quoted Cmd History

The number of quoted commands to save. These commands are preserved across LLNL XDIR sessions.

Max Time For Ftp Reply

Specifies the maximum time in seconds that LLNL XDIR will wait for a response from an FTP server before concluding that the connection has been broken.

Max User Name History

The number of user names to save for remote hosts). These user names are preserved across LLNL XDIR sessions.

Max Wildcard History

The number of wildcard expressions to save. These wildcard expressions preserved across LLNL XDIR sessions.

Multiclick Interval

Specifies the maximum time interval in milliseconds for which two mouse clicks are interpreted as a double mouse click rather than as two single mouse clicks.

Overwrite Dir On Copy

Specifies whether it is okay to overwrite an existing directory when recursively copying another directory by the same name. If a sink directory is overwritten then none of its subdirectories will be deleted, but new files and subdirectories might be added to it, and some existing files might be replaced.

Preserve Vms Ver Nums

Specifies whether to preserve VMS file version numbers when transferring files from a VMS system. This is only an issue for those VMS FTP servers that provide version numbers (at least one server does not).

Print Password In Debug

Specifies whether to print passwords in the diagnostics window when the level of diagnostics messages is set to Debug.

Stop Button Blinking

Specifies whether the STOP button (shown during potentially lengthy operations) should blink or not.

Store Unique

Specifies whether existing sink files are to be renamed before file transfer occurs. If Yes then the existing sink file is typically renamed by appending a "." (period) followed by an integer between 1 and 99.

Type To Select Delay

The number of milliseconds to wait before LLNL XDIR determines that you are finished typing characters into a directory window to select the first entry that best matches the characters.

Use Last Dir At Login

Specifies whether to automatically enter the most recently referenced directory after connecting to a host. If this option is requested, but is not possible to perform (e.g., because the directory no longer exists), your home directory will be entered.

VIEWER PREFERENCES

Selecting item Viewer Preferences in a directory window’s Prefs menu pops up a dialog that allows the user to control which file will be displayed with which viewer, based on the file extension.

A file to be viewed is first transferred to a temporary directory and then, if necessary, is decompressed. The file extension (e.g., ".gif") is then examined to determine which viewer the file is to be displayed in. There are two types of viewers: the viewer built into LLNL XDIR (which is suitable for displaying text files) and external viewers (e.g., emacs for text and xv for graphics).

Single-click on an entry in the Extensions list to place that extension and its associated command line into the Extension and Viewer Command Line text fields, respectively.

An extension is a file suffix that begins with a period ("."). A special entry in the extensions list, "OTHERS," represents all files that do not have their extension listed (including files with no extensions).

The pattern "%s" in a command line is a placeholder for the name of the file to be viewed. A blank command line indicates that the built-in viewer is to be used. To add a new extension to the list, fill in the Extension and Viewer Command Line text fields and press the Add button. If the text in Extension does not begin with a period, one will be added. If the extension is already in the list, it will be replaced.

To replace the command line associated with an extension, (1) single-click on the list item to select it, (2) edit the command line, and (3) press the Replace button.

To delete an extension from the list, single-click on the list item to select it and then press the Delete button. The "OTHERS" entry cannot be deleted (but its command line can be replaced).

Click the Apply button to cause the new changes to take effect. The OK button has the same effect as Apply, but the dialog is also closed. The Cancel button undoes the changes made since OK or Apply were last pressed.

The viewer preferences can be preserved across LLNL XDIR sessions in a text file named ".xdirrc" in the user’s home directory (select Save Preferences in a directory window’s Prefs menu).

LAUNCHER PREFERENCES

Selecting item Launcher Preferences in a directory window’s Prefs menu pops up a dialog that allows the user to specify commands that can be invoked using the Launch submenu of the Ops menu. The idea is to be able to fork and exec child processes with execute lines based on information about selected entries.

Single-click on an entry in the Command Names list to place that command name and its associated command line into the Command Name and Command Line text fields, respectively.

The following placeholders can be specified in a command line: "%u" for the user name, "%h" for the host name, "%s" for the name of a selected entry, and "%l" for the blank-delimited names of all selected entries. To add a new command to the list, fill in the Command Name and Command Line text fields and press the Add button. If the command name is already in the list, it will be replaced.

To replace the command line associated with a command name, (1) single-click on the list item to select it, (2) edit the command line, and (3) press the Replace button.

To delete a command from the list, single-click on the list item to select it and then press the Delete button.

Click the Apply button to cause the new changes to take effect. The OK button has the same effect as Apply, but the dialog is also closed. The Cancel button undoes the changes made since OK or Apply were last pressed.

The launcher preferences can be preserved across LLNL XDIR sessions in a text file named ".xdirrc" in the user’s home directory (select Save Preferences in a directory window’s Prefs menu).

The names of the commands will be placed in the Launch submenu of the Ops menu. (See command Launch in section Directory Window Commands for details on how commands are actually launched.)

FIREWALL PREFERENCES

Selecting item Firewall Preferences in a directory window’s Prefs menu pops up a dialog that allows the user to specify two different mechanisms for using LLNL XDIR through a firewall: passive mode and proxying. (LLNL XDIR also supports a third type of firewall, SOCKS, but this has to be specified at compile time.)

LLNL XDIR supports FTP proxies that use the simple authentication technique in which both the remote host and user name are specified in place of the user name as username@hostname.

To use a proxy server, you must: (1) check the Use FTP Proxy Server box, (2) specify the host the proxy is running on, and (3) specify the port the proxy server is listening on. If Use FTP Proxy Server is checked, the OK and Apply buttons are greyed out until the proxy host and port are specified. Use the text area to specify any domains (e.g., "llnl.gov") or host names (e.g., "mysystem" or "mysystem.llnl.gov") that you do not wish to access via the proxy server (this usually consists of local domains and hosts that are inside of the firewall).

Check the Use Passive Mode Data Transfers (PASV) box to enable "passive mode" (also known as "PASV mode"). Normally, the FTP server opens data connections to the client, something that firewalls often do not allow. Use passive mode to instead force LLNL XDIR to open data connections to the server. Note that some FTP servers do not support passive mode, so we recommend that you use this mode only if you need to.

Click the Apply button to the cause the new changes to take effect. The OK button has the same effect as Apply, but the dialog is also closed. The Cancel button undoes the changes made since the OK or Apply buttons were last pressed.

The firewall preferences can be preserved across LLNL XDIR sessions in a text file named ".xdirrc" in the user’s home directory (select Save Preferences in a directory window’s Prefs menu).

EDIT HISTORY

Selecting item Edit History in a directory window’s File menu pops up a dialog that allows the user to remove unwanted history information. (LLNL XDIR automatically saves certain information, such as the paths of previously visited directories, for future use.)

Four categories of history information are saved for each host: (1) paths of previously visited directories, (2) wildcard expressions used in selecting directory entries, (3) user names used in connecting to the host, and (4) low-level "quoted" commands sent to the host’s FTP server.

An entire host’s history information may be removed by selecting an entry in the Hosts list and then clicking the Delete Host button.

A single item may be removed by using the three lists to specify host, category and item, and then clicking the Delete Item button.

Click the OK button to cause the changes to take effect (and remove the dialog). Click the Cancel button to undo the changes (and remove the dialog).

LIMITATIONS

Here are some things to watch out for:

LLNL XDIR might not work with some old X servers. For example, some older OpenWindows servers might dump core. MacX fans should use nothing older than version 1.1.7b.

Old, buggy versions of Motif can cause weirdness.

LLNL XDIR might not work correctly with some non-Unix FTP servers. (If you can give us temporary access to such a server, we might be able to fix the problem.)

Out-of-spec FTP servers can cause untold grief. (Most Unix-based servers work correctly.)

Third-party file transfers will not work unless at least one of the remote FTP servers supports the PASV (passive) command.

FILES

$HOME/.xdirhistory   history file
$HOME/.xdirrc        preferences
XDir                 application defaults file

AVAILABILITY

Source code for LLNL XDIR is tarred and compressed, and is available as follows:

ftp://ftp-lc.llnl.gov/pub/ia/llnlxdir/latest_xdir.tar.Z

http://www.llnl.gov/ia/xdir.html

SUPPORT

Because our resources are limited, we will not be able to give individual assistance in building and using LLNL XDIR. However, your comments, suggestions and bug reports are valuable in helping us determine how to best direct our efforts. Our email address is

llnlxdir@llnl.gov

COPYRIGHT

(c) 1995-1999. The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.

This work was produced at the University of California, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (UC LLNL) under contract no. W-7405-ENG-48 (Contract 48) between the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and The Regents of the University of California (University) for the operation of UC LLNL. Copyright is reserved to the University for purposes of controlled dissemination, commercialization through formal licensing, or other disposition under terms of Contract 48; DOE policies, regulations and orders; and U.S. statutes. The rights of the Federal Government are reserved under Contract 48 subject to the restrictions agreed upon by the DOE and University.

DISCLAIMER

This software was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor the University of California nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its specific commercial products, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or the University of California. The views and opinions of the authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or the University of California, and shall not be used for advertising or product endorsement purposes.

Permission to use, copy, modify and distribute this software and its documentation for any non-commercial purpose, without fee, is hereby granted, provided that the above copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies of the software and supporting documentation, and that all UC LLNL identification in the user interface remain unchanged. The title to copyright LLNL XDIR shall at all times remain with The Regents of the University of California and users agree to preserve same. Users seeking the right to make derivative works with LLNL XDIR for commercial purposes may obtain a license from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory’s Technology Transfer Office, P.O. Box 808, L-795, Livermore, CA 94550.

SEE ALSO

ftpd(8C)

AUTHOR

     Neale G. Smith, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section 1 |  Main Index


--> XDIR (1) 22 November 1999

Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with manServer 1.07.