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Manual Reference Pages  -  AUTHEN::PASSPHRASE::PHPASS (3)

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NAME

Authen::Passphrase::PHPass - passphrases using the phpass algorithm

CONTENTS

SYNOPSIS



        use Authen::Passphrase::PHPass;

        $ppr = Authen::Passphrase::PHPass->new(
                cost => 10, salt => "NaClNaCl",
                hash_base64 => "ObRxTm/.EiiYN02xUeAQs/");

        $ppr = Authen::Passphrase::PHPass->new(
                cost => 10, salt_random => 1,
                passphrase => "passphrase");

        $ppr = Authen::Passphrase::PHPass->from_crypt(
                $P$8NaClNaClObRxTm/.EiiYN02xUeAQs/);

        $ppr = Authen::Passphrase::PHPass->from_rfc2307(
                {CRYPT}$P$8NaClNaClObRxTm/.EiiYN02xUeAQs/);

        $cost = $ppr->cost;
        $cost_base64 = $ppr->cost_base64;
        $cost = $ppr->nrounds_log2;
        $cost_base64 = $ppr->nrounds_log2_base64;
        $salt = $ppr->salt;
        $hash = $ppr->hash;
        $hash_base64 = $ppr->hash_base64;

        if($ppr->match($passphrase)) { ...

        $passwd = $ppr->as_crypt;
        $userPassword = $ppr->as_rfc2307;



DESCRIPTION

An object of this class encapsulates a passphrase hashed using the phpass algorithm invented by Solar Designer and described at <http://www.openwall.com/phpass/>. This is a subclass of Authen::Passphrase, and this document assumes that the reader is familiar with the documentation for that class.

The phpass algorithm is based on the MD5 message digest algorithm. There is an eight-byte salt, which is conventionally restricted to consist of base 64 digits. There is also a cost parameter that controls the expense of hashing. First the salt and passphrase are concatenated and hashed by MD5. Then, 2^cost times, the hash from the previous stage is concatenated with the passphrase and hashed by MD5. The passphrase hash is the output from the final iteration.

The passphrase hash is represented in ASCII using the crypt format with prefix "<B>B>$P<B>$B>. The first character after the format prefix is a base 64 digit giving the cost parameter. The next eight characters are the salt. The salt is followed by 22 base 64 digits giving the hash. The base 64 digits are <B>.B>, <B>/B>, <B>0B> to <B>9B>, <B>AB> to <B>ZB>, <B>aB> to <B>zB>" (in ASCII order).

CONSTRUCTORS

Authen::Passphrase::PHPass->new(ATTR => VALUE, ...) Generates a new passphrase recogniser object using the phpass algorithm. The following attributes may be given:
<B>costB> Base-two logarithm of the number of hashing rounds to perform.
<B>cost_base64B> Base-two logarithm of the number of hashing rounds to perform, expressed as a single base 64 digit.
<B>nrounds_log2B> Synonym for <B>costB>.
<B>nrounds_log2_base64B> Synonym for <B>cost_base64B>.
<B>saltB> The salt, as an eight-byte string.
<B>salt_randomB> Causes salt to be generated randomly. The value given for this attribute is ignored. The salt will be a string of eight base 64 digits. The source of randomness may be controlled by the facility described in Data::Entropy.
<B>hashB> The hash, as a 16-byte string.
<B>hash_base64B> The hash, as a string of 22 base 64 digits.
<B>passphraseB> A passphrase that will be accepted.

The cost and salt must be given, and either the hash or the passphrase.

Authen::Passphrase::PHPass->from_crypt(PASSWD) Generates a new phpass passphrase recogniser object from a crypt string. The crypt string must consist of "<B>B>$P<B>$B>", one base 64 character encoding the cost, the salt, then 22 base 64 digits giving the hash. The salt must be exactly 8 characters long, and cannot contain any character that cannot appear in a crypt string.
Authen::Passphrase::PHPass->from_rfc2307(USERPASSWORD) Generates a new phpass passphrase recogniser object from an RFC 2307 string. The string must consist of "<B>{CRYPT}B>" (case insensitive) followed by an acceptable crypt string.

METHODS

$ppr->cost Returns the base-two logarithm of the number of hashing rounds that will be performed.
$ppr->cost_base64 Returns the base-two logarithm of the number of hashing rounds that will be performed, expressed as a single base 64 digit.
$ppr->nrounds_log2 Synonym for cost.
$ppr->nrounds_log2_base64 Synonym for cost_base64.
$ppr->salt Returns the salt, as a string of eight bytes.
$ppr->hash Returns the hash value, as a string of 16 bytes.
$ppr->hash_base64 Returns the hash value, as a string of 22 base 64 digits.
$ppr->match(PASSPHRASE)
$ppr->as_crypt
$ppr->as_rfc2307 These methods are part of the standard Authen::Passphrase interface.

SEE ALSO

Authen::Passphrase, Digest::MD5

AUTHOR

Andrew Main (Zefram) <zefram@fysh.org>

COPYRIGHT

Copyright (C) 2006, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2012 Andrew Main (Zefram) <zefram@fysh.org>

LICENSE

This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.
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perl v5.20.3 AUTHEN::PASSPHRASE::PHPASS (3) 2016-03-17

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