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Manual Reference Pages  -  CGI::ENURL (3)

.ds Aq ’

NAME - module for URL-encoding strings and hashes

version 1.07



 use CGI::Enurl;
 %hash = (name=>Jenda Krynicky,address=>Nerudova 1016);
 print "Location: http://$ENV{SERVER_NAME}/cgi-bin/",enurl \%hash,"\n\n";


This is a little module made for CGI scripting. It encodes the parameters to be passed to a CGI. It does nothing more, so it’s much smaller and loads more quickly.


enurl STRING
enurl ARRAY
enurl HASH Encodes the parameter. If the parameter is a single string it encodes it and returns the encoded form.

If it is an array or a reference to an array it encodes all items and returns them joined by ’&’.

If it is a hash it encodes the values and return a querystring in form key2=encoded_value1&key2=encoded_value2&....

!!! Please note that a hash in a list context returns a list of all keys and values. This means that if you call enurl(%hash) you will NOT get what you may thing you should. You HAVE to use enurl(\%hash) !!!

enURL STRING Encodes the parameter, this version doesn’t encode ’=’ and ’&’ characters, so you should make sure they are not present in the data.

Notice the difference :

 enurl a&b=f o o   =>   a%26b%3Df+o+o
 enURL a&b=f o o   =>   a&b=f+o+o

$CGI::Enurl::ParamSeparator You may specify another character to be used as the parameter separator. Simply set this variable to the character (or string) you want to use.

The default value is ’&’

$CGI::Enurl::KeepUnencoded This variable contains the characters that should stay unencoded. Please keep in mind that the string will be interpolated into a regexp in a [^...] group!

Any change of this variable will be ignored after the first call to enurl or enURL. (I’m using /o switch in the regexp.) So if you want to change the variable you should do it as soon as posible. You may do that even before you use the module!

The default value is ’a-zA-Z 0-9_\\-@.=’


 use CGI::Enurl;

 print "Location:",
  enurl(something strange),"\n\n";


 use CGI::Enurl;

 print "Location:",
  enurl(something strange,and other,666),"\n\n";


 use CGI::Enurl;

 print "Location:",
  enurl({fname => Jan,lname => Krynicky\k:'=> +420-2-9618 1234},1),"\n\n";


 use CGI::Enurl;

 print "Location:",

or using the tricks of -

 use CGI::Enurl;
 use Interpolation URL => \&enurl;
 print "name=$URL{Jann Linder, jr}&address=$URL{129 kjhlkjd st}";

or even

 use CGI::Enurl;
 use Interpolation enurl => sub {my %hash=split /$;/o,$_[0];enurl \%hash};
  # use other name instead of enurl if you like.

 print "$enurl{name=>Jenda Krynicky,address=>Nerudova 1016}\n";

 %hash = (name=>Jenda Krynicky,address=>Nerudova 1016);

 sub var {
  if (ref $_[0] eq HASH) {
    join $;, %{shift()}, @_;
  } else {
    join $;, @_;

 print "$enurl{var %hash}\n";
         # the "var" is necessary !
     # without it you will get : "Odd number of elements in hash list at ... line 2."

 print "$enurl{var %hash,age=>22}\n";

     # you may omit the "var" only if you enter the hash as a constant directly
     # into $enurl{...}.

If you want to be cheeky you may use ’$?{}’ as the interpolator:

 use CGI::Enurl;
 use Interpolation ? => sub {my %hash=split /$;/o,$_[0]; ? . enurl \%hash};

 print "$?{a=>5,b=>7,n=>Jenda Krynicky}\n";


 use CGI::Enurl;
 use Interpolation ? => sub {? . enURL $_[0]};

 print "$?{a=5&b=7&n=Jenda Krynicky}\n";
 # # or
 # print qq{$?{"a=5&b=7&n=$name"}\n};

Please read the docs for enurl versus enURL so that you understand the difference!


The enurl_str function is taken from (It’s named ’escape’ there.) Thanks.


Jan Krynicky <>


Copyright (c) 1997-2001 Jan Krynicky <>. All rights reserved. This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.


Hey! <B>The above document had some coding errors, which are explained below:B>
Around line 94: Non-ASCII character seen before =encoding in ’’Krynicky\k:'Assuming ISO8859-1
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perl v5.20.3 ENURL (3) 2002-08-08

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