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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  DS2781 (3)

NAME

DS2781 - Stand-alone Fuel Gauge IC

CONTENTS

Synopsis
     Temperature Voltage Current Memory and Switch.
     Thermocouple
Family Code
Special Properties
     Pio
Thermocouple
Obscure Properties
Standard Properties
Alarms
Description
     OWFS design
     Ds2781
Addressing
Datasheet
See Also
     Programs
     Configuration and testing
     Language bindings
     Clocks
     Id
     Memory
     Switches
     Temperature
     Humidity
     Voltage
     Resistance
     Multifunction (current, voltage, temperature)
     Counter
     LCD Screen
     Crypto
     Pressure
     Moisture
Availability
Author

SYNOPSIS

    Temperature Voltage Current Memory and Switch.

3D [.]XXXXXXXXXXXX[XX][/[ lock.[0-1|ALL] | memory | pages/page.[0-1|ALL] | PIO | sensed | temperature | vbias | vis | vis_avg | vis_offset | volt | volthours |
aef | chgtf | learnf | pmod | porf | sef | uven | uvf |
address | crc8 | id | locator | r_address | r_id | r_locator | type ]]

    Thermocouple

3D [.]XXXXXXXXXXXX[XX][/[ temperature | typeX/range_low | typeX/range_high | typeX/temperature

FAMILY CODE

3D

SPECIAL PROPERTIES

    lock.[0-1|ALL]

read-write, yes-no
Lock either of the two eprom pages to prevent further writes. Apparently setting lock is permanent.

    memory

read-write, binary
Access to the full 256 byte memory range. Much of this space is reserved or special use. User space is the page area.
See the DATASHEET for a full memory map.

    pages/pages.[0-1|ALL]

read-write, binary Two 16 byte areas of memory for user application. The lock property can prevent further alteration.
NOTE that the page property is different from the common OWFS implementation in that all of memory is not accessible.

    PIO

write-only, yes-no
Controls the PIO pin allowing external switching.
Writing "1" turns the PIO pin on (conducting). Writing "0" makes the pin non-conducting. The logical state of the voltage can be read with the sensed property. This will reflect the current voltage at the pin, not the value sent to PIO
Note also that PIO will also be altered by the power-status of the DS2680 See the datasheet for details.

    sensed

read-only, yes-no
The logical voltage at the PIO pin. Useful only if the PIO property is set to "0" (non-conducting).
Value will be 0 or 1 depending on the voltage threshold.

    temperature

read-only, floating point
Temperature read by the chip at high resolution (~13 bits). Units are selected from the invoking command line. See owfs(1) or owhttpd(1) for choices. Default is Celsius.
Conversion is continuous.

    vbias

read-write, floating point
Fixed offset applied to each vis measurement. Used for the volthours value. Units are in Volts.
Range -2.0mV to 2.0mV

    vis

read-only, floating point
Current sensor reading (unknown external resistor). Measures the voltage gradient between the Vis pins. Units are in Volts
The vis readings are integrated over time to provide the volthours property.
The current reading is derived from vis assuming the internal 25 mOhm resistor is employed. There is no way to know this through software.

    vis_avg

read-only, floating point
Average current sensor reading (unknown external resistor). Measures the voltage gradient between the Vis pins. Units are in Volts

    vis_offset

read-write, floating point
Offset to vis for current sensor reading (unknown external resistor). Units are in Volts

    volt

read-only, floating point
Voltage read at the voltage sensor;. This is separate from the vis voltage that is used for current measurement. Units are Volts
Range is between 0 and 4.75V

    volthours

read-write, floating point
Integral of vis - vbias over time. Units are in volthours

THERMOCOUPLE

    typeX/

directory
Thermocouple circuit using the DS2781 to read the Seebeck voltage and the reference temperature. Since the type interpretation of the values read depends on the type of thermocouple, the correct directory must be chosen. Supported thermocouple types include types B, E, J, K, N, R, S and T.

    typeX/range_low typeX/ranges_high

read-only, flaoting point
The lower and upper temperature supported by this thermocouple (at least by the conversion routines). In the globally chosen temperature units.

    typeX/temperature

read-only, floating point
Thermocouple temperature. Requires a voltage and temperature conversion. Returned in globally chosen temperature units.
Note: there are two types of temperature measurements possible. The temperature value in the main device directory is the reference temperature read at the chip. The typeX/temperature value is at the thermocouple junction, probably remote from the chip.

OBSCURE PROPERTIES

    aef chgtf learnf pmod porf sef uven uvf

varies, yes-no
Bit flags corresponding to various battery management functions of the chip. See the DATASHEET for details of the identically named entries.
In general, writing "0" corresponds to a 0 bit value, and non-zero corresponds to a 1 bit value.

STANDARD PROPERTIES

    address

    r_address

read-only, ascii
The entire 64-bit unique ID. Given as upper case hexidecimal digits (0-9A-F).
address starts with the family code
r address is the address in reverse order, which is often used in other applications and labeling.

    crc8

read-only, ascii
The 8-bit error correction portion. Uses cyclic redundancy check. Computed from the preceding 56 bits of the unique ID number. Given as upper case hexidecimal digits (0-9A-F).

    family

read-only, ascii
The 8-bit family code. Unique to each type of device. Given as upper case hexidecimal digits (0-9A-F).

    id

    r_id

read-only, ascii
The 48-bit middle portion of the unique ID number. Does not include the family code or CRC. Given as upper case hexidecimal digits (0-9A-F).
r id is the id in reverse order, which is often used in other applications and labeling.

    locator

    r_locator

read-only, ascii
Uses an extension of the 1-wire design from iButtonLink company that associated 1-wire physical connections with a unique 1-wire code. If the connection is behind a Link Locator the locator will show a unique 8-byte number (16 character hexidecimal) starting with family code FE.
If no Link Locator is between the device and the master, the locator field will be all FF.
r locator is the locator in reverse order.

    present (DEPRECATED)

read-only, yes-no
Is the device currently present on the 1-wire bus?

    type

read-only, ascii
Part name assigned by Dallas Semi. E.g. DS2401 Alternative packaging (iButton vs chip) will not be distiguished.

ALARMS

None.

DESCRIPTION

    1-Wire

1-wire is a wiring protocol and series of devices designed and manufactured by Dallas Semiconductor, Inc. The bus is a low-power low-speed low-connector scheme where the data line can also provide power.

Each device is uniquely and unalterably numbered during manufacture. There are a wide variety of devices, including memory, sensors (humidity, temperature, voltage, contact, current), switches, timers and data loggers. More complex devices (like thermocouple sensors) can be built with these basic devices. There are also 1-wire devices that have encryption included.

The 1-wire scheme uses a single bus master and multiple slaves on the same wire. The bus master initiates all communication. The slaves can be individually discovered and addressed using their unique ID.

Bus masters come in a variety of configurations including serial, parallel, i2c, network or USB adapters.

    OWFS design

OWFS is a suite of programs that designed to make the 1-wire bus and its devices easily accessible. The underlying priciple is to create a virtual filesystem, with the unique ID being the directory, and the individual properties of the device are represented as simple files that can be read and written.

Details of the individual slave or master design are hidden behind a consistent interface. The goal is to provide an easy set of tools for a software designer to create monitoring or control applications. There are some performance enhancements in the implementation, including data caching, parallel access to bus masters, and aggregation of device communication. Still the fundemental goal has been ease of use, flexibility and correctness rather than speed.

    DS2781

The DS2781 (3) is a battery charging controller. It has elaborate algorithms for estimating battery capacity.

A number of interesting devices can be built with the DS2781 including thermocouples. Support for thermocouples in built into the software, using the embedded thermister as the cold junction temperature.

ADDRESSING

All 1-wire devices are factory assigned a unique 64-bit address. This address is of the form:
Family Code
  8 bits
Address
  48 bits
CRC 8 bits
Addressing under OWFS is in hexidecimal, of form:
01.123456789ABC
where 01 is an example 8-bit family code, and 12345678ABC is an example 48 bit address.

The dot is optional, and the CRC code can included. If included, it must be correct.

DATASHEET

http://pdfserv.maxim-ic.com/en/ds/DS2781.pdf

SEE ALSO

    Programs

owfs (1) owhttpd (1) owftpd (1) owserver (1) owdir (1) owread (1) owwrite (1) owpresent (1) owtap (1)

    Configuration and testing

owfs (5) owtap (1) owmon (1)

    Language bindings

owtcl (3) owperl (3) owcapi (3)

    Clocks

DS1427 (3) DS1904(3) DS1994 (3) DS2404 (3) DS2404S (3) DS2415 (3) DS2417 (3)

    ID

DS2401 (3) DS2411 (3) DS1990A (3)

    Memory

DS1982 (3) DS1985 (3) DS1986 (3) DS1991 (3) DS1992 (3) DS1993 (3) DS1995 (3) DS1996 (3) DS2430A (3) DS2431 (3) DS2433 (3) DS2502 (3) DS2506 (3) DS28E04 (3) DS28EC20 (3)

    Switches

DS2405 (3) DS2406 (3) DS2408 (3) DS2409 (3) DS2413 (3) DS28EA00 (3)

    Temperature

DS1822 (3) DS1825 (3) DS1820 (3) DS18B20 (3) DS18S20 (3) DS1920 (3) DS1921 (3) DS1821 (3) DS28EA00 (3) DS28E04 (3) EDS0064 (3) EDS0065 (3) EDS0066 (3) EDS0067 (3) EDS0068 (3) EDS0071 (3) EDS0072 (3) MAX31826 (3)

    Humidity

DS1922 (3) DS2438 (3) EDS0065 (3) EDS0068 (3)

    Voltage

DS2450 (3)

    Resistance

DS2890 (3)

    Multifunction (current, voltage, temperature)

DS2436 (3) DS2437 (3) DS2438 (3) DS2751 (3) DS2755 (3) DS2756 (3) DS2760 (3) DS2770 (3) DS2780 (3) DS2781 (3) DS2788 (3) DS2784 (3)

    Counter

DS2423 (3)

    LCD Screen

LCD (3) DS2408 (3)

    Crypto

DS1977 (3)

    Pressure

DS2406 (3) TAI8570 EDS0066 (3) EDS0068 (3)

    Moisture

EEEF (3) DS2438 (3)

AVAILABILITY

http://www.owfs.org

AUTHOR

Paul Alfille (paul.alfille@gmail.com)
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OWFS Manpage DS2760 (3) 2003

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