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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  DATE::MANIP::LANG::GERMAN (3)

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NAME

Date::Manip::Lang::german - German language support.

CONTENTS

SYNOPSIS

This module contains a list of words and expressions supporting the language. It is not intended to be used directly (other Date::Manip modules will load it as needed).

LANGUAGE EXPRESSIONS

The following is a list of all language words and expressions used to write times and/or dates.

All strings are case insensitive.
<B>Month names and abbreviationsB> When writing out the name of the month, several different variations may exist including full names and abbreviations.

The following month names may be used:



   Januar
   Jaenner

   Februar

   Maerz
   Marz
   Maerz

   April

   Mai

   Juni

   Juli

   August

   September

   Oktober

   November

   Dezember



The following abbreviations may be used:



   Jaen
   Jan

   Feb

   Maer
   Mar

   Apr

   Mai

   Jun

   Jul

   Aug

   Sep

   Okt

   Nov

   Dez



<B>Day names and abbreviationsB> When writing out the name of the day, several different variations may exist including full names and abbreviations.

The following day names may be used:



   Montag

   Dienstag

   Mittwoch

   Donnerstag

   Freitag

   Samstag
   Sonnabend

   Sonntag



The following abbreviations may be used:



   Mo
   Mo.

   Di
   Di.

   Mi
   Mi.

   Do
   Do.

   Fr
   Fr.

   Sa
   Sa.

   So
   So.



The following short (1-2 characters) abbreviations may be used:



   M

   Di

   Mi

   Do

   F

   Sa

   So



<B>Delta field namesB> These are the names (and abbreviations) for the fields in a delta. There are 7 fields: years, months, weeks, days, hours, minutes, seconds.

The names and abbreviations for these fields are:



   Jahren
   j
   Jahr
   Jahre

   Monaten
   m
   Monat
   Monate

   Wochen
   w
   Woche

   Tagen
   t
   Tag
   Tage

   Stunden
   h
   std
   Stunde

   Minuten
   min
   Minute

   Sekunden
   s
   sek
   Sekunde



<B>Morning/afternoon timesB> This is a list of expressions use to designate morning or afternoon time when a time is entered as a 12-hour time rather than a 24-hour time. For example, in English, the time 17:00 could be specified as 5:00 PM.

Morning and afternoon time may be designated by the following sets of words:



   FM
   vorm.

   EM
   nachm.



<B>Each or everyB> There are a list of words that specify every occurence of something. These are used in the following phrases:



   EACH Monday
   EVERY Monday
   EVERY month



The following words may be used:



   jeden



<B>Next/Previous/Last occurenceB> There are a list of words that may be used to specify the next, previous, or last occurence of something. These words could be used in the following phrases:



   NEXT week

   LAST tuesday
   PREVIOUS tuesday

   LAST day of the month



The following words may be used:

Next occurence:



   nachsten
   naechsten
   nachste
   naechste



Previous occurence:



   vorherigen
   vorherige
   letzte
   letzten



Last occurence:



   letzten
   letzte



<B>Delta words for going forward/backward in timeB> When parsing deltas, there are words that may be used to specify the the delta will refer to a time in the future or to a time in the past (relative to some date). In English, for example, you might say:



   IN 5 days
   5 days AGO



The following words may be used to specify deltas that refer to dates in the past or future respectively:



   vor
   vorigen
   vorherigen
   vorherige

   in
   spater
   spaeter



<B>Business modeB> This contains two lists of words which can be used to specify a standard (i.e. non-business) delta or a business delta.

Previously, it was used to tell whether the delta was approximate or exact, but now this list is not used except to force the delta to be standard.

The following words may be used:



   genau
   ungefahr
   ungefaehr



The following words may be used to specify a business delta:



   Arbeitstag
   Arbeits



<B>NumbersB> Numbers may be spelled out in a variety of ways. The following sets correspond to the numbers from 1 to 53:



   1.
   erste
   erster
   eins

   2.
   zweite
   zwei
   zweiter

   3.
   dritte
   drei
   dritter

   4.
   vierte
   vier

   5.
   funfte
   fuenfte
   fuenf
   fuenfter
   funf
   funfter

   6.
   sechste
   sechs
   sechster

   7.
   siebente
   siebte
   sieben
   siebter

   8.
   achte
   achten

   9.
   neunte
   neun
   neunten

   10.
   zehnte
   zehn
   zehnten


   11.
   elfte
   elf

   12.
   zwolfte
   zwoelfte
   zwoelf
   zwoelften
   zwolf
   zwolften

   13.
   dreizehnte
   dreizehn

   14.
   vierzehnte
   vierzehn

   15.
   funfzehnte
   fuenfzehnte
   fuenfzehn
   fuenfzehnten
   funfzehn
   funfzehnten

   16.
   sechzehnte
   sechzehn

   17.
   siebzehnte
   siebzehn

   18.
   achtzehnte
   achtzehn

   19.
   neunzehnte
   neunzehn

   20.
   zwanzigste
   zwanzig
   zwanzigsten


   21.
   einundzwanzigste
   einundzwanzigsten

   22.
   zweiundzwanzigste
   zweiundzwanzigsten

   23.
   dreiundzwanzigste
   dreiundzwanzigsten

   24.
   vierundzwanzigste
   vierundzwanzigsten

   25.
   funfundzwanzigste
   fuenfundzwanzigste
   fuenfundzwanzigsten
   funfundzwanzigsten

   26.
   sechsundzwanzigste
   sechsundzwanzigsten

   27.
   siebenundzwanzigste
   siebenundzwanzigsten

   28.
   achtundzwanzigste
   achtundzwanzigsten

   29.
   neunundzwanzigste
   neunundzwanzigsten

   30.
   dreibigste
   dreissigste
   dreissig
   dreissigsten
   dreibig
   dreibigsten


   31.
   einunddreibigste
   einunddreissigste
   einunddreissig
   einunddreissigsten
   einunddreibig
   einunddreibigsten

   32.
   zweiunddreissig
   zweiunddreissigste
   zweiunddreibig
   zweiunddreibigste

   33.
   dreiunddreissig
   dreiunddreissigsten
   dreiunddreibig
   dreiunddreibigsten

   34.
   vierunddreissig
   vierunddreissigste
   vierunddreibig
   vierunddreibigste

   35.
   fuenfunddreissig
   fuenfunddreissigste
   funfunddreibig
   funfunddreibigste

   36.
   sechsunddreissig
   sechsunddreissigste
   sechsunddreibig
   sechsunddreibigste

   37.
   siebenunddreissig
   siebenunddreissigsten
   siebenunddreibig
   siebenunddreibigsten

   38.
   achtunddreissig
   achtunddreissigsten
   achtunddreibig
   achtunddreibigsten

   39.
   neununddreissig
   neununddreissigsten
   neununddreibig
   neununddreibigsten

   40.
   vierzig
   vierzigsten


   41.
   einundvierzig
   einundvierzigsten

   42.
   zweiundvierzig
   zweiundvierzigsten

   43.
   dreiundvierzig
   dreiundvierzigsten

   44.
   vierundvierzig
   vierundvierzigsten

   45.
   fuenfundvierzig
   fuenfundvierzigsten
   funfundvierzig
   funfundvierzigsten

   46.
   sechsundvierzig
   sechsundvierzigsten

   47.
   siebenundvierzig
   siebenundvierzigste

   47.
   siebenundvierzig
   siebenundvierzigste

   49.
   neunundvierzig
   neunundvierzigsten

   50.
   fuenfzig
   fuenfzigsten
   funfzig
   funfzigsten


   51.
   einundfuenfzig
   einundfuenfzigsten
   einundfunfzig
   einundfunfzigsten

   52.
   zweiundfuenfzig
   zweiundfuenfzigsten
   zweiundfunfzig
   zweiundfunfzigsten

   53.
   dreiundfuenfzig
   dreiundfuenfzigsten
   dreiundfunfzig
   dreiundfunfzigsten



<B>Ignored wordsB> In writing out dates in common forms, there are a number of words that are typically not important.

There is frequently a word that appears in a phrase to designate that a time is going to be specified next. In English, you would use the word AT in the example:



   December 3 at 12:00



The following words may be used:



   um



Another word is used to designate one member of a set. In English, you would use the words IN or OF:



   1st day OF December
   1st day IN December



The following words may be used:



   der
   im
   des



Another word is use to specify that something is on a certain date. In English, you would use ON:



   ON July 5th



The following words may be used:



   am



<B>Words that set the date, time, or bothB> There are some words that can be used to specify a date, a time, or both relative to now.

Words that set the date are similar to the English words ’yesterday’ or ’tomorrow’. These are specified as a delta which is added to the current time to get a date. The time is NOT set however, so the delta is only partially used (it should only include year, month, week, and day fields).

The following words may be used:



   gestern              -0:0:0:1:0:0:0
   heute                0:0:0:0:0:0:0
   morgen               +0:0:0:1:0:0:0
   uebermorgen           +0:0:0:2:0:0:0



Words that set only the time of day are similar to the English words ’noon’ or ’midnight’.

The following words may be used:



   mittag               12:00:00
   mitternacht          00:00:00



Words that set the entire time and date (relative to the current time and date) are also available.

In English, the word ’now’ is one of these.

The following words may be used:



   jetzt                0:0:0:0:0:0:0



<B>Hour/Minute/Second separatorsB> When specifying the time of day, the most common separator is a colon (:) which can be used for both separators.

Some languages use different pairs. For example, French allows you to specify the time as 13h30:20, so it would use the following pairs:



   : :
   h :



The first column is the hour-minute separator and the second column is the minute-second separator. Both are perl regular expressions. When creating a new translation, be aware that regular expressions with utf-8 characters may be tricky. For example, don’t include the expression ’[x]’ where ’x’ is a utf-8 character.

A pair of colons is ALWAY allowed for all languages. If a language allows additional pairs, they are listed here:



   Not defined in this language



<B>Fractional second separatorB> When specifying fractional seconds, the most common way is to use a decimal point (.). Some languages may specify a different separator that might be used. If this is done, it is a regular expression.

The decimal point is ALWAYS allowed for all languages. If a language allows another separator, it is listed here:



   Not defined in this language



KNOWN BUGS

None known.

BUGS AND QUESTIONS

Please refer to the Date::Manip::Problems documentation for information on submitting bug reports or questions to the author.

SEE ALSO

Date::Manip - main module documentation

LICENSE

This script is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

AUTHOR

Sullivan Beck (sbeck@cpan.org)
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perl v5.20.3 DATE::MANIP::LANG::GERMAN (3) 2015-03-06

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