Module
**Int32**

:
**sig end**

32-bit integers.

This module provides operations on the type
**int32** of signed 32-bit integers. Unlike the built-in
**int** type,
the type
**int32** is guaranteed to be exactly 32-bit wide on all
platforms. All arithmetic operations over
**int32** are taken
modulo 2^{32.

Performance notice: values of type
**int32** occupy more memory
space than values of type
**int** , and arithmetic operations on
**int32** are generally slower than those on
**int** . Use
**int32** only when the application requires exact 32-bit arithmetic.

*val zero* :
**int32**

The 32-bit integer 0.

*val one* :
**int32**

The 32-bit integer 1.

*val minus_one* :
**int32**

The 32-bit integer -1.

*val neg* :
**int32 -> int32**

Unary negation.

*val add* :
**int32 -> int32 -> int32**

Addition.

*val sub* :
**int32 -> int32 -> int32**

Subtraction.

*val mul* :
**int32 -> int32 -> int32**

Multiplication.

*val div* :
**int32 -> int32 -> int32**

Integer division. Raise
**Division_by_zero** if the second
argument is zero. This division rounds the real quotient of
its arguments towards zero, as specified for
**Pervasives.(/)** .

*val rem* :
**int32 -> int32 -> int32**

Integer remainder. If
**y** is not zero, the result
of
**Int32.rem x y** satisfies the following property:
**x = Int32.add (Int32.mul (Int32.div x y) y) (Int32.rem x y)** .
If
**y = 0** ,
**Int32.rem x y** raises
**Division_by_zero** .

*val succ* :
**int32 -> int32**

Successor.
**Int32.succ x** is
**Int32.add x Int32.one** .

*val pred* :
**int32 -> int32**

Predecessor.
**Int32.pred x** is
**Int32.sub x Int32.one** .

*val abs* :
**int32 -> int32**

Return the absolute value of its argument.

*val max_int* :
**int32**

The greatest representable 32-bit integer, 2^{31 - 1.

*val min_int* :
**int32**

The smallest representable 32-bit integer, -2^{31.

*val logand* :
**int32 -> int32 -> int32**

Bitwise logical and.

*val logor* :
**int32 -> int32 -> int32**

Bitwise logical or.

*val logxor* :
**int32 -> int32 -> int32**

Bitwise logical exclusive or.

*val lognot* :
**int32 -> int32**

Bitwise logical negation

*val shift_left* :
**int32 -> int -> int32**

**Int32.shift_left x y** shifts
**x** to the left by
**y** bits.
The result is unspecified if
**y < 0** or
**y >= 32** .

*val shift_right* :
**int32 -> int -> int32**

**Int32.shift_right x y** shifts
**x** to the right by
**y** bits.
This is an arithmetic shift: the sign bit of
**x** is replicated
and inserted in the vacated bits.
The result is unspecified if
**y < 0** or
**y >= 32** .

*val shift_right_logical* :
**int32 -> int -> int32**

**Int32.shift_right_logical x y** shifts
**x** to the right by
**y** bits.
This is a logical shift: zeroes are inserted in the vacated bits
regardless of the sign of
**x** .
The result is unspecified if
**y < 0** or
**y >= 32** .

*val of_int* :
**int -> int32**

Convert the given integer (type
**int** ) to a 32-bit integer
(type
**int32** ).

*val to_int* :
**int32 -> int**

Convert the given 32-bit integer (type
**int32** ) to an
integer (type
**int** ). On 32-bit platforms, the 32-bit integer
is taken modulo 2^{31, i.e. the high-order bit is lost
during the conversion. On 64-bit platforms, the conversion
is exact.

*val of_float* :
**float -> int32**

Convert the given floating-point number to a 32-bit integer,
discarding the fractional part (truncate towards 0).
The result of the conversion is undefined if, after truncation,
the number is outside the range [
**Int32.min_int** ,
**Int32.max_int** ].

*val to_float* :
**int32 -> float**

Convert the given 32-bit integer to a floating-point number.

*val of_string* :
**string -> int32**

Convert the given string to a 32-bit integer.
The string is read in decimal (by default) or in hexadecimal,
octal or binary if the string begins with
**0x** ,
**0o** or
**0b** respectively.
Raise
**Failure int_of_string** if the given string is not
a valid representation of an integer, or if the integer represented
exceeds the range of integers representable in type
**int32** .

*val to_string* :
**int32 -> string**

Return the string representation of its argument, in signed decimal.

*val bits_of_float* :
**float -> int32**

Return the internal representation of the given float according
to the IEEE 754 floating-point ’single format’ bit layout.
Bit 31 of the result represents the sign of the float;
bits 30 to 23 represent the (biased) exponent; bits 22 to 0
represent the mantissa.

*val float_of_bits* :
**int32 -> float**

Return the floating-point number whose internal representation,
according to the IEEE 754 floating-point ’single format’ bit layout,
is the given
**int32** .

*type t* =
**int32**

An alias for the type of 32-bit integers.

*val compare* :
**t -> t -> int**

The comparison function for 32-bit integers, with the same specification as
**Pervasives.compare** . Along with the type
**t** , this function
**compare** allows the module
**Int32** to be passed as argument to the functors
**Set.Make** and
**Map.Make** .

**===**
**Deprecated functions**
**===**

*val format* :
**string -> int32 -> string**

Do not use this deprecated function. Instead,
used
**Printf.sprintf** with a
**%l...** format.