GSP
Quick Navigator

Search Site

Unix VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Support
Contact Us
Online Help
Handbooks
Domain Status
Man Pages

FAQ
Virtual Servers
Pricing
Billing
Technical

Network
Facilities
Connectivity
Topology Map

Miscellaneous
Server Agreement
Year 2038
Credits
 

USA Flag

 

 

Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  MPI_TYPE_CREATE_SUBARRAY (3)

NAME

MPI_Type_create_subarray - Creates a data type describing an n-dimensional subarray of an n-dimensional array.

CONTENTS

Syntax
C Syntax
Fortran Syntax
C++ Syntax
Input Parameters
Output Parameters
Description
Notes
Errors

SYNTAX

C Syntax

#include <mpi.h>
int MPI_Type_create_subarray(int ndims, const int array_of_sizes[], const int array_of_subsizes[], const int array_of_starts[], int order, MPI_Datatype oldtype, MPI_Datatype *newtype)

Fortran Syntax

INCLUDE ’mpif.h’
MPI_TYPE_CREATE_SUBARRAY(NDIMS, ARRAY_OF_SIZES, ARRAY_OF_SUBSIZES,
        ARRAY_OF_STARTS, ORDER, OLDTYPE, NEWTYPE, IERROR)

        INTEGER NDIMS, ARRAY_OF_SIZES(*), ARRAY_OF_SUBSIZES(*),         ARRAY_OF_STARTS(*), ORDER, OLDTYPE, NEWTYPE, IERROR

C++ Syntax

#include <mpi.h>
MPI::Datatype MPI::Datatype::Create_subarray(int ndims,
        const int array_of_sizes[], const int array_of_subsizes[],
        const int array_of_starts[], int order) const

INPUT PARAMETERS

ndims Number of array dimensions (positive integer).
array_of_sizes
  Number of elements of type oldtype in each dimension of the full array (array of positive integers).
array_of_subsizes
  Number of elements of type oldtype in each dimension of the subarray (array of positive integers).
array_of_starts
  Starting coordinates of the subarray in each dimension (array of nonnegative integers).
order Array storage order flag (state).
oldtype Array element data type (handle).

OUTPUT PARAMETERS

newtype New data type (handle).
IERROR Fortran only: Error status (integer).

DESCRIPTION

The subarray type constructor creates an MPI data type describing an n-dimensional subarray of an n-dimensional array. The subarray may be situated anywhere within the full array, and may be of any nonzero size up to the size of the larger array as long as it is confined within this array. This type constructor facilitates creating file types to access arrays distributed in blocks among processes to a single file that contains the global array.

This type constructor can handle arrays with an arbitrary number of dimensions and works for both C- and Fortran-ordered matrices (that is, row-major or column-major). Note that a C program may use Fortran order and a Fortran program may use C order.

The ndims parameter specifies the number of dimensions in the full data array and gives the number of elements in array_of_sizes, array_of_subsizes, and array_of_starts.

The number of elements of type oldtype in each dimension of the n-dimensional array and the requested subarray are specified by array_of_sizes and array_of_subsizes, respectively. For any dimension i, it is erroneous to specify array_of_subsizes[i] < 1 or array_of_subsizes[i] > array of sizes[i].

The array_of_starts contains the starting coordinates of each dimension of the subarray. Arrays are assumed to be indexed starting from zero. For any dimension i, it is erroneous to specify

array_of_starts[i] < 0

or

array_of_starts[i] > (array_of_sizes[i] - array_of_subsizes[i]).

The order argument specifies the storage order for the subarray as well as the full array. It must be set to one of the following:

- MPI_ORDER_C: The ordering used by C arrays, (that is, row-major order)

- MPI_ORDER_FORTRAN: The ordering used by Fortran arrays, (that is, column-major order)

A ndims-dimensional subarray (newtype) with no extra padding can be defined by the function Subarray() as follows:

   newtype = Subarray(ndims, {size , size ,..., size       },
                                  0      1           ndims-1
             {subsize , subsize , ..., subsize       },
                     0         1               ndims-1
             {start , start , ..., start       }, oldtype)
                   0       1             ndims-1

Let the typemap of oldtype have the form:

   {(type , disp ), (type , disp ), ..., (type   , disp   )}
         0      0        1      1              n-1      n-1

where typei is a predefined MPI data type, and let ex be the extent of oldtype.

The Subarray() function is defined recursively in three equations on page 72 of the MPI-2 standard.

For an example use of MPI_Type_create_subarray in the context of I/O, see Section 9.9.2 of the MPI-2 standard.

NOTES

In a Fortran program with arrays indexed starting from 1, if the starting coordinate of a particular dimension of the subarray is n, then the entry in array of starts for that dimension is n-1.

ERRORS

Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the value of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument. C++ functions do not return errors. If the default error handler is set to MPI::ERRORS_THROW_EXCEPTIONS, then on error the C++ exception mechanism will be used to throw an MPI::Exception object.

Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler is called. By default, this error handler aborts the MPI job, except for I/O function errors. The error handler may be changed with MPI_Comm_set_errhandler; the predefined error handler MPI_ERRORS_RETURN may be used to cause error values to be returned. Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.

Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section 3 |  Main Index


1.10.2 MPI_TYPE_CREATE_SUBARRAY (3) Jan 21, 2016

Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with manServer 1.07.