GSP
Quick Navigator

Search Site

Unix VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Support
Contact Us
Online Help
Handbooks
Domain Status
Man Pages

FAQ
Virtual Servers
Pricing
Billing
Technical

Network
Facilities
Connectivity
Topology Map

Miscellaneous
Server Agreement
Year 2038
Credits
 

USA Flag

 

 

Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  MAIL::BOX::IMAP4::MESSAGE (3)

.ds Aq ’

NAME

Mail::Box::IMAP4::Message - one message on a IMAP4 server

CONTENTS

INHERITANCE



 Mail::Box::IMAP4::Message
   is a Mail::Box::Net::Message
   is a Mail::Box::Message
   is a Mail::Message
   is a Mail::Reporter



SYNOPSIS



 my $folder = new Mail::Box::IMAP4 ...
 my $message = $folder->message(10);



DESCRIPTION

A Mail::Box::IMAP4::Message represents one message on a IMAP4 server, maintained by a Mail::Box::IMAP4 folder. Each message is stored as separate entity on the server, and maybe temporarily in your program as well.

See documentation in the base class.

METHODS

See documentation in the base class.

    Constructors

See documentation in the base class.
$obj-><B>cloneB>(OPTIONS) See Constructors in Mail::Message
Mail::Box::IMAP4::Message-><B>newB>(OPTIONS)


 -Option      --Defined in             --Default
  body          Mail::Message            undef
  body_type     Mail::Box::Message       Mail::Message::Body::Lines
  cache_body                             <false>
  cache_head                             <false>
  cache_labels                           <false>
  deleted       Mail::Message            <false>
  field_type    Mail::Message            undef
  folder        Mail::Box::Message       <required>
  head          Mail::Message            undef
  head_type     Mail::Message            Mail::Message::Head::Complete
  labels        Mail::Message            {}
  log           Mail::Reporter           WARNINGS
  messageId     Mail::Message            undef
  modified      Mail::Message            <false>
  size          Mail::Box::Message       undef
  trace         Mail::Reporter           WARNINGS
  trusted       Mail::Message            <false>
  unique        Mail::Box::Net::Message  <unique string>
  write_labels                           <true>



body => OBJECT
body_type => CODE|CLASS
cache_body => BOOLEAN
cache_head => BOOLEAN
cache_labels => BOOLEAN All standard IMAP labels can be cached on the local server to improve speed. This has the same dangers as setting write_labels to false. The caching starts when the first label of the message was read.
deleted => BOOLEAN
field_type => CLASS
folder => FOLDER
head => OBJECT
head_type => CLASS
labels => ARRAY|HASH
log => LEVEL
messageId => STRING
modified => BOOLEAN
size => INTEGER
trace => LEVEL
trusted => BOOLEAN
unique => STRING
write_labels => BOOLEAN When a label is changed or its value read, using label(), that info should be sent to the IMAP server. But, this action could be superfluous, for instance because the label was already set or clear, and communication is expensive. On the other hand, someone else may use IMAP to make changes in the same folder, and will get the updates too late or never...

    Constructing a message

See documentation in the base class.
$obj-><B>bounceB>([RG-OBJECT|OPTIONS]) See Constructing a message in Mail::Message::Construct::Bounce
Mail::Box::IMAP4::Message-><B>buildB>([MESSAGE|PART|BODY], CONTENT) See Constructing a message in Mail::Message::Construct::Build
Mail::Box::IMAP4::Message-><B>buildFromBodyB>(BODY, [HEAD], HEADERS) See Constructing a message in Mail::Message::Construct::Build
$obj-><B>forwardB>(OPTIONS) See Constructing a message in Mail::Message::Construct::Forward
$obj-><B>forwardAttachB>(OPTIONS) See Constructing a message in Mail::Message::Construct::Forward
$obj-><B>forwardEncapsulateB>(OPTIONS) See Constructing a message in Mail::Message::Construct::Forward
$obj-><B>forwardInlineB>(OPTIONS) See Constructing a message in Mail::Message::Construct::Forward
$obj-><B>forwardNoB>(OPTIONS) See Constructing a message in Mail::Message::Construct::Forward
$obj-><B>forwardPostludeB>() See Constructing a message in Mail::Message::Construct::Forward
$obj-><B>forwardPreludeB>() See Constructing a message in Mail::Message::Construct::Forward
$obj-><B>forwardSubjectB>(STRING) See Constructing a message in Mail::Message::Construct::Forward
Mail::Box::IMAP4::Message-><B>readB>(FILEHANDLE|SCALAR|REF-SCALAR|ARRAY-OF-LINES, OPTIONS) See Constructing a message in Mail::Message::Construct::Read
$obj-><B>rebuildB>(OPTIONS) See Constructing a message in Mail::Message::Construct::Rebuild
$obj-><B>replyB>(OPTIONS) See Constructing a message in Mail::Message::Construct::Reply
$obj-><B>replyPreludeB>([STRING|FIELD|ADDRESS|ARRAY-OF-THINGS]) See Constructing a message in Mail::Message::Construct::Reply
$obj-><B>replySubjectB>(STRING)
Mail::Box::IMAP4::Message-><B>replySubjectB>(STRING) See Constructing a message in Mail::Message::Construct::Reply

    The message

See documentation in the base class.
$obj-><B>containerB>() See The message in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>copyToB>(FOLDER, OPTIONS) See The message in Mail::Box::Message
$obj-><B>folderB>([FOLDER]) See The message in Mail::Box::Message
$obj-><B>isDummyB>() See The message in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>isPartB>() See The message in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>messageIdB>() See The message in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>moveToB>(FOLDER, OPTIONS) See The message in Mail::Box::Message
$obj-><B>partNumberB>() See The message in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>printB>([FILEHANDLE]) See The message in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>sendB>([MAILER], OPTIONS) See The message in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>seqnrB>([INTEGER]) See The message in Mail::Box::Message
$obj-><B>sizeB>() Returns the size of this message. If the message is still on the remote server, IMAP is used to ask for the size. When the message is already loaded onto the local system, the size of the parsed message is taken. These sizes can differ because the difference in line-ending representation.
$obj-><B>toplevelB>() See The message in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>uniqueB>([STRING|undef]) See The message in Mail::Box::Net::Message
$obj-><B>writeB>([FILEHANDLE]) See The message in Mail::Message

    The header

See documentation in the base class.
$obj-><B>bccB>() See The header in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>ccB>() See The header in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>dateB>() See The header in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>destinationsB>() See The header in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>fromB>() See The header in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>getB>(FIELDNAME) See The header in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>guessTimestampB>() See The header in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>headB>([HEAD]) See The header in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>nrLinesB>() See The header in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>senderB>() See The header in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>studyB>(FIELDNAME) See The header in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>subjectB>() See The header in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>timestampB>() See The header in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>toB>() See The header in Mail::Message

    The body

See documentation in the base class.
$obj-><B>bodyB>([BODY]) See The body in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>contentTypeB>() See The body in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>decodedB>(OPTIONS) See The body in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>encodeB>(OPTIONS) See The body in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>isMultipartB>() See The body in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>isNestedB>() See The body in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>partsB>([’ALL’|’ACTIVE’|’DELETED’|’RECURSE’|FILTER]) See The body in Mail::Message

    Flags

See documentation in the base class.
$obj-><B>deleteB>() See Flags in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>deletedB>([BOOLEAN]) See Flags in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>isDeletedB>() See Flags in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>isModifiedB>() See Flags in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>labelB>(LABEL|PAIRS) With only one argument, the value related to LABEL is returned. With more that one argument, the list is interpreted a label-value PAIRS to be set.

The IMAP protocol defines its own names for the labels, which must be set imediately to inform other IMAP clients which may have the same folder open. But that can be changed with new(write_labels). Some labels are translated to the corresponding IMAP system labels.

$obj-><B>labelsB>() Get the names of all labels (LIST context, not efficient in IMAP4), or a reference to a hash with labels. You should only use the returned hash to read the labels, because changes made to it will not be passed to the remote server. See labels() to set values.
$obj-><B>labelsToStatusB>() See Flags in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>modifiedB>([BOOLEAN]) See Flags in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>statusToLabelsB>() See Flags in Mail::Message

    The whole message as text

See documentation in the base class.
$obj-><B>fileB>() See The whole message as text in Mail::Message::Construct::Text
$obj-><B>linesB>() See The whole message as text in Mail::Message::Construct::Text
$obj-><B>printStructureB>([FILEHANDLE|undef],[INDENT]) See The whole message as text in Mail::Message::Construct::Text
$obj-><B>stringB>() See The whole message as text in Mail::Message::Construct::Text

    Internals

See documentation in the base class.
$obj-><B>clonedFromB>() See Internals in Mail::Message
Mail::Box::IMAP4::Message-><B>coerceB>(MESSAGE, OPTIONS) See Internals in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>diskDeleteB>() See Internals in Mail::Box::Message
$obj-><B>fetchB>([INFO, ...]) Use the IMAP’s UID FETCH IMAP command to get some data about this message. The INFO request is passed to Mail::Box::IMAP4::fetch(). Without INFO, ALL information is retrieved and returned as a HASH.
$obj-><B>isDelayedB>() See Internals in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>loadBodyB>() See Internals in Mail::Box::Net::Message
$obj-><B>readBodyB>(PARSER, HEAD [, BODYTYPE]) See Internals in Mail::Box::Message
$obj-><B>readFromParserB>(PARSER, [BODYTYPE]) See Internals in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>readHeadB>(PARSER [,CLASS]) See Internals in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>recursiveRebuildPartB>(PART, OPTIONS) See Internals in Mail::Message::Construct::Rebuild
$obj-><B>storeBodyB>(BODY) See Internals in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>takeMessageIdB>([STRING]) See Internals in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>writeDelayedB>(IMAP) Write all delayed information, like label changes, to the server. This is done under force, so should even be done for folders opened without write-access. This method is called indirectly by a Mail::Box::write() or Mail::Box::close().

The IMAP argument is a Mail::IMAPClient which has the right folder already selected.

Writing changes to the remote folder is not without hassle: IMAP4 (or is it only Mail::IMAPClient doesn’t support replacing header or body. Therefore, when either of them change, the whole message is rewritten to the server (which is supported), and the original flagged for deletion.

    Error handling

See documentation in the base class.
$obj-><B>AUTOLOADB>() See METHODS in Mail::Message::Construct
$obj-><B>addReportB>(OBJECT) See Error handling in Mail::Reporter
$obj-><B>defaultTraceB>([LEVEL]|[LOGLEVEL, TRACELEVEL]|[LEVEL, CALLBACK])
Mail::Box::IMAP4::Message-><B>defaultTraceB>([LEVEL]|[LOGLEVEL, TRACELEVEL]|[LEVEL, CALLBACK]) See Error handling in Mail::Reporter
$obj-><B>errorsB>() See Error handling in Mail::Reporter
$obj-><B>logB>([LEVEL [,STRINGS]])
Mail::Box::IMAP4::Message-><B>logB>([LEVEL [,STRINGS]]) See Error handling in Mail::Reporter
$obj-><B>logPriorityB>(LEVEL)
Mail::Box::IMAP4::Message-><B>logPriorityB>(LEVEL) See Error handling in Mail::Reporter
$obj-><B>logSettingsB>() See Error handling in Mail::Reporter
$obj-><B>notImplementedB>() See Error handling in Mail::Reporter
$obj-><B>reportB>([LEVEL]) See Error handling in Mail::Reporter
$obj-><B>reportAllB>([LEVEL]) See Error handling in Mail::Reporter
$obj-><B>shortSizeB>([VALUE])
Mail::Box::IMAP4::Message-><B>shortSizeB>([VALUE]) See Error handling in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>shortStringB>() See Error handling in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>traceB>([LEVEL]) See Error handling in Mail::Reporter
$obj-><B>warningsB>() See Error handling in Mail::Reporter

    Cleanup

See documentation in the base class.
$obj-><B>DESTROYB>() See Cleanup in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>destructB>() See Cleanup in Mail::Box::Message

DETAILS

See documentation in the base class.

    Structure of a Message

See documentation in the base class.

    Message object implementation

See documentation in the base class.

    Message class implementation

See documentation in the base class.

    Labels

See documentation in the base class.

Predefined labels

See documentation in the base class.

Status and X-Status fields

See documentation in the base class.

IMAP protocol flags

Labels (or flags) are known to all folder formats, but differ how they are stored. Some folder types use message header lines to keep the labels, other use a separate file. The IMAP protocol does not specify how the labels are kept on the server, but does specify how they are named.

The label names as defined by the IMAP protocol are standardized into the MailBox standard to hide folder differences. The following translations are always performed:



 \Seen     => seen
 \Answered => replied
 \Flagged  => flagged
 \Deleted  => deleted
 \Draft    => draft
 \Recent   => NOT old



Other labels

Of course, your program may be in need for more labels than those provided by the protocol. You can still use these: they stay locally (and are lost when the folder is closed). Some IMAP4 extensions permit more labels than the basic RFC, but that is not yet supported by this implementation.

Caching labels

When you ask for one or more flags of a message more than once, you may improve the overall performance by setting new(cache_labels) to YES. However, this may cause inconsistencies when multiple clients use the same folder on the IMAP server.

You may also delay the label updates to the server until the folder is closed (or for ever when read-only is required). When Mail::Box::write() or Mail::Box::close() is called, it is decided whether to throw all changes away or write after all.

DIAGNOSTICS

Error: Cannot coerce a $class object into a $class object
Error: Cannot include forward source as $include. Unknown alternative for the forward(include). Valid choices are NO, INLINE, ATTACH, and ENCAPSULATE.
Error: Cannot include reply source as $include. Unknown alternative for the include option of reply(). Valid choices are NO, INLINE, and ATTACH.
Error: Method bounce requires To, Cc, or Bcc The message bounce() method forwards a received message off to someone else without modification; you must specified it’s new destination. If you have the urge not to specify any destination, you probably are looking for reply(). When you wish to modify the content, use forward().
Error: Method forwardAttach requires a preamble
Error: Method forwardEncapsulate requires a preamble
Error: No address to create forwarded to. If a forward message is created, a destination address must be specified.
Error: No default mailer found to send message. The message send() mechanism had not enough information to automatically find a mail transfer agent to sent this message. Specify a mailer explicitly using the via options.
Error: No rebuild rule $name defined.
Error: Only build() Mail::Message’s; they are not in a folder yet You may wish to construct a message to be stored in a some kind of folder, but you need to do that in two steps. First, create a normal Mail::Message, and then add it to the folder. During this Mail::Box::addMessage() process, the message will get coerce()-d into the right message type, adding storage information and the like.
Error: Package $package does not implement $method. Fatal error: the specific package (or one of its superclasses) does not implement this method where it should. This message means that some other related classes do implement this method however the class at hand does not. Probably you should investigate this and probably inform the author of the package.
Error: Unable to read delayed body.
Error: Unable to read delayed head.
Error: coercion starts with some object

SEE ALSO

This module is part of Mail-Box distribution version 2.109, built on August 19, 2013. Website: http://perl.overmeer.net/mailbox/

LICENSE

Copyrights 2001-2013 by [Mark Overmeer]. For other contributors see ChangeLog.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself. See http://www.perl.com/perl/misc/Artistic.html

Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section 3 |  Main Index


perl v5.20.3 MAIL::BOX::IMAP4::MESSAGE (3) 2013-08-19

Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with manServer 1.07.