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Manual Reference Pages  -  MAIL::BOX::MESSAGE (3)

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NAME

Mail::Box::Message - manage one message within a mail-folder

CONTENTS

INHERITANCE



 Mail::Box::Message
   is a Mail::Message
   is a Mail::Reporter

 Mail::Box::Message is extended by
   Mail::Box::Dir::Message
   Mail::Box::File::Message
   Mail::Box::Message::Destructed
   Mail::Box::Net::Message



SYNOPSIS



 # Usually these message objects are created indirectly
 use Mail::Box::Manager;
 my $manager = Mail::Box::Manager->new;
 my $folder  = $manager->open(folder => Mail/Drafts);
 my $msg     = $folder->message(1);
 $msg->delete;
 $msg->size;   # and much more



DESCRIPTION

These pages do only describe methods which relate to folders. If you access the knowledge of a message, then read Mail::Message.

During its life, a message will pass through certain stages. These stages were introduced to reduce the access-time to the folder. Changing from stage, the message’s body and head objects may change.

See documentation in the base class.

METHODS

See documentation in the base class.

    Constructors

See documentation in the base class.
$obj-><B>cloneB>(OPTIONS) See Constructors in Mail::Message
Mail::Box::Message-><B>newB>(OPTIONS)


 -Option    --Defined in     --Default
  body        Mail::Message    undef
  body_type                    <from folder>
  deleted     Mail::Message    <false>
  field_type  Mail::Message    undef
  folder                       <required>
  head        Mail::Message    undef
  head_type   Mail::Message    Mail::Message::Head::Complete
  labels      Mail::Message    {}
  log         Mail::Reporter   WARNINGS
  messageId   Mail::Message    undef
  modified    Mail::Message    <false>
  size                         undef
  trace       Mail::Reporter   WARNINGS
  trusted     Mail::Message    <false>



body => OBJECT
body_type => CODE|CLASS If the body of a message is used delay-loaded, the message must what type of message to become when it finally gets parsed. The folder which is delaying the load must specify the algorithm to determine that type.
deleted => BOOLEAN
field_type => CLASS
folder => FOLDER The folder where this message appeared in. The argument is an instance of (a sub-class of) a Mail::Box.
head => OBJECT
head_type => CLASS
labels => ARRAY|HASH
log => LEVEL
messageId => STRING
modified => BOOLEAN
size => INTEGER The size of the message, which includes head and body, but without the message separators which may be used by the folder type.
trace => LEVEL
trusted => BOOLEAN

    Constructing a message

See documentation in the base class.
$obj-><B>bounceB>([RG-OBJECT|OPTIONS]) See Constructing a message in Mail::Message::Construct::Bounce
Mail::Box::Message-><B>buildB>([MESSAGE|PART|BODY], CONTENT) See Constructing a message in Mail::Message::Construct::Build
Mail::Box::Message-><B>buildFromBodyB>(BODY, [HEAD], HEADERS) See Constructing a message in Mail::Message::Construct::Build
$obj-><B>forwardB>(OPTIONS) See Constructing a message in Mail::Message::Construct::Forward
$obj-><B>forwardAttachB>(OPTIONS) See Constructing a message in Mail::Message::Construct::Forward
$obj-><B>forwardEncapsulateB>(OPTIONS) See Constructing a message in Mail::Message::Construct::Forward
$obj-><B>forwardInlineB>(OPTIONS) See Constructing a message in Mail::Message::Construct::Forward
$obj-><B>forwardNoB>(OPTIONS) See Constructing a message in Mail::Message::Construct::Forward
$obj-><B>forwardPostludeB>() See Constructing a message in Mail::Message::Construct::Forward
$obj-><B>forwardPreludeB>() See Constructing a message in Mail::Message::Construct::Forward
$obj-><B>forwardSubjectB>(STRING) See Constructing a message in Mail::Message::Construct::Forward
Mail::Box::Message-><B>readB>(FILEHANDLE|SCALAR|REF-SCALAR|ARRAY-OF-LINES, OPTIONS) See Constructing a message in Mail::Message::Construct::Read
$obj-><B>rebuildB>(OPTIONS) See Constructing a message in Mail::Message::Construct::Rebuild
$obj-><B>replyB>(OPTIONS) See Constructing a message in Mail::Message::Construct::Reply
$obj-><B>replyPreludeB>([STRING|FIELD|ADDRESS|ARRAY-OF-THINGS]) See Constructing a message in Mail::Message::Construct::Reply
$obj-><B>replySubjectB>(STRING)
Mail::Box::Message-><B>replySubjectB>(STRING) See Constructing a message in Mail::Message::Construct::Reply

    The message

See documentation in the base class.
$obj-><B>containerB>() See The message in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>copyToB>(FOLDER, OPTIONS) Copy the message to the indicated opened FOLDER, without deleting the original. The coerced message (the clone in the destination folder) is returned.



 -Option      --Default
  shallow       <false>
  shallow_body  <false>
  shallow_head  <false>
  share         <false>



shallow => BOOLEAN Used for clone(shallow).
shallow_body => BOOLEAN Used for clone(shallow_body).
shallow_head => BOOLEAN Used for clone(shallow_head).
share => BOOLEAN Try to share the physical storage of the message between the two folders. Sometimes, they even may be of different types. When not possible, this options will be silently ignored.

example:



 my $draft = $mgr->open(folder => Draft);
 $message->copyTo($draft, share => 1);



$obj-><B>folderB>([FOLDER]) In with folder did we detect this message/dummy? This is a reference to the folder-object.
$obj-><B>isDummyB>() See The message in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>isPartB>() See The message in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>messageIdB>() See The message in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>moveToB>(FOLDER, OPTIONS) Move the message from this folder to the FOLDER specified. This will create a copy using clone() first. Then, this original message is flagged to get deleted. So until the source folder is closed, two copies of the message may stay in memory.

The newly created message clone (part of the destination folder) is returned. All OPTIONS are passed to copyTo()



 -Option      --Default
  shallow_body  <undef>
  share         <true unless shallow_body exists>



shallow_body => BOOLEAN Only create a shallow body, which means that the header can not be reused. A message can therefore not be shared in storage unless explicitly stated.
share => BOOLEAN When there is a chance that the original message can be undeleted, then this must be set to false. Otherwise a shallow clone will be made, which will share the header which can be modified in the undeleted message.

example: of moving a message



 my $trash = Mail::Box::Mbox->new(folder => trash);
 my $t = $msg->moveTo($trash);



is equivalent to



 my $t = $msg->copyTo($trash, share => 1);
 $msg->delete;



$obj-><B>partNumberB>() See The message in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>printB>([FILEHANDLE]) See The message in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>sendB>([MAILER], OPTIONS) See The message in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>seqnrB>([INTEGER]) Get the number of this message is the current folder. It starts counting from zero. Do not change the number.
$obj-><B>sizeB>() See The message in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>toplevelB>() See The message in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>writeB>([FILEHANDLE]) See The message in Mail::Message

    The header

See documentation in the base class.
$obj-><B>bccB>() See The header in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>ccB>() See The header in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>dateB>() See The header in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>destinationsB>() See The header in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>fromB>() See The header in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>getB>(FIELDNAME) See The header in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>guessTimestampB>() See The header in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>headB>([HEAD]) See The header in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>nrLinesB>() See The header in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>senderB>() See The header in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>studyB>(FIELDNAME) See The header in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>subjectB>() See The header in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>timestampB>() See The header in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>toB>() See The header in Mail::Message

    The body

See documentation in the base class.
$obj-><B>bodyB>([BODY]) See The body in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>contentTypeB>() See The body in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>decodedB>(OPTIONS) See The body in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>encodeB>(OPTIONS) See The body in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>isMultipartB>() See The body in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>isNestedB>() See The body in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>partsB>([’ALL’|’ACTIVE’|’DELETED’|’RECURSE’|FILTER]) See The body in Mail::Message

    Flags

See documentation in the base class.
$obj-><B>deleteB>() See Flags in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>deletedB>([BOOLEAN]) See Flags in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>isDeletedB>() See Flags in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>isModifiedB>() See Flags in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>labelB>(LABEL|PAIRS) See Flags in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>labelsB>() See Flags in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>labelsToStatusB>() See Flags in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>modifiedB>([BOOLEAN]) See Flags in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>statusToLabelsB>() See Flags in Mail::Message

    The whole message as text

See documentation in the base class.
$obj-><B>fileB>() See The whole message as text in Mail::Message::Construct::Text
$obj-><B>linesB>() See The whole message as text in Mail::Message::Construct::Text
$obj-><B>printStructureB>([FILEHANDLE|undef],[INDENT]) See The whole message as text in Mail::Message::Construct::Text
$obj-><B>stringB>() See The whole message as text in Mail::Message::Construct::Text

    Internals

See documentation in the base class.
$obj-><B>clonedFromB>() See Internals in Mail::Message
Mail::Box::Message-><B>coerceB>(MESSAGE, OPTIONS) See Internals in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>diskDeleteB>() Remove a message from disk. This is not from the folder, but everything else, like parts of the message which are stored outside from the folder.
$obj-><B>isDelayedB>() See Internals in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>readBodyB>(PARSER, HEAD [, BODYTYPE]) Read the body of one message. The PARSER gives access to the folder file. The HEAD has been read with readHead(). The optional BODYTYPE supplies the class name of the body to be created, or a code reference to a routine which can produce a body type based on the head (passed as first argument).

By default, the BODYTYPE will call Mail::Box::determineBodyType() where the message will be added to.

$obj-><B>readFromParserB>(PARSER, [BODYTYPE]) See Internals in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>readHeadB>(PARSER [,CLASS]) See Internals in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>recursiveRebuildPartB>(PART, OPTIONS) See Internals in Mail::Message::Construct::Rebuild
$obj-><B>storeBodyB>(BODY) See Internals in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>takeMessageIdB>([STRING]) See Internals in Mail::Message

    Error handling

See documentation in the base class.
$obj-><B>AUTOLOADB>() See METHODS in Mail::Message::Construct
$obj-><B>addReportB>(OBJECT) See Error handling in Mail::Reporter
$obj-><B>defaultTraceB>([LEVEL]|[LOGLEVEL, TRACELEVEL]|[LEVEL, CALLBACK])
Mail::Box::Message-><B>defaultTraceB>([LEVEL]|[LOGLEVEL, TRACELEVEL]|[LEVEL, CALLBACK]) See Error handling in Mail::Reporter
$obj-><B>errorsB>() See Error handling in Mail::Reporter
$obj-><B>logB>([LEVEL [,STRINGS]])
Mail::Box::Message-><B>logB>([LEVEL [,STRINGS]]) See Error handling in Mail::Reporter
$obj-><B>logPriorityB>(LEVEL)
Mail::Box::Message-><B>logPriorityB>(LEVEL) See Error handling in Mail::Reporter
$obj-><B>logSettingsB>() See Error handling in Mail::Reporter
$obj-><B>notImplementedB>() See Error handling in Mail::Reporter
$obj-><B>reportB>([LEVEL]) See Error handling in Mail::Reporter
$obj-><B>reportAllB>([LEVEL]) See Error handling in Mail::Reporter
$obj-><B>shortSizeB>([VALUE])
Mail::Box::Message-><B>shortSizeB>([VALUE]) See Error handling in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>shortStringB>() See Error handling in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>traceB>([LEVEL]) See Error handling in Mail::Reporter
$obj-><B>warningsB>() See Error handling in Mail::Reporter

    Cleanup

See documentation in the base class.
$obj-><B>DESTROYB>() See Cleanup in Mail::Message
$obj-><B>destructB>() Removes most of the memory occupied by the message by detaching the header and body. Then, the object changes into a Mail::Box::Message::Destructed which will catch all attempts to access the header and body. Be careful with the usage of this method.

DETAILS

See documentation in the base class.

DIAGNOSTICS

Error: Cannot coerce a $class object into a $class object
Error: Cannot include forward source as $include. Unknown alternative for the forward(include). Valid choices are NO, INLINE, ATTACH, and ENCAPSULATE.
Error: Cannot include reply source as $include. Unknown alternative for the include option of reply(). Valid choices are NO, INLINE, and ATTACH.
Error: Method bounce requires To, Cc, or Bcc The message bounce() method forwards a received message off to someone else without modification; you must specified it’s new destination. If you have the urge not to specify any destination, you probably are looking for reply(). When you wish to modify the content, use forward().
Error: Method forwardAttach requires a preamble
Error: Method forwardEncapsulate requires a preamble
Error: No address to create forwarded to. If a forward message is created, a destination address must be specified.
Error: No default mailer found to send message. The message send() mechanism had not enough information to automatically find a mail transfer agent to sent this message. Specify a mailer explicitly using the via options.
Error: No rebuild rule $name defined.
Error: Only build() Mail::Message’s; they are not in a folder yet You may wish to construct a message to be stored in a some kind of folder, but you need to do that in two steps. First, create a normal Mail::Message, and then add it to the folder. During this Mail::Box::addMessage() process, the message will get coerce()-d into the right message type, adding storage information and the like.
Error: Package $package does not implement $method. Fatal error: the specific package (or one of its superclasses) does not implement this method where it should. This message means that some other related classes do implement this method however the class at hand does not. Probably you should investigate this and probably inform the author of the package.
Error: coercion starts with some object

SEE ALSO

This module is part of Mail-Box distribution version 2.109, built on August 19, 2013. Website: http://perl.overmeer.net/mailbox/

LICENSE

Copyrights 2001-2013 by [Mark Overmeer]. For other contributors see ChangeLog.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself. See http://www.perl.com/perl/misc/Artistic.html

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perl v5.20.3 MAIL::BOX::MESSAGE (3) 2013-08-19

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