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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  MAIL::MESSAGE::FIELD::ADDRESS (3)

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NAME

Mail::Message::Field::Address - One e-mail address

CONTENTS

INHERITANCE



 Mail::Message::Field::Address
   is a Mail::Identity
   is a User::Identity::Item



SYNOPSIS



 my $addr = Mail::Message::Field::Address->new(...);

 my $ui   = User::Identity->new(...);
 my $addr = Mail::Message::Field::Address->coerce($ui);

 my $mi   = Mail::Identity->new(...);
 my $addr = Mail::Message::Field::Address->coerce($mi);

 print $addr->address;
 print $addr->fullName;   # possibly unicode!
 print $addr->domain;



DESCRIPTION

Many header fields can contain e-mail addresses. Each e-mail address can be represented by an object of this class. These objects will handle interpretation and character set encoding and decoding for you.

See documentation in the base class.

OVERLOADED

overload: <B>booleanB>() The object used as boolean will always return true
overload: <B>string comparisonB>() Two address objects are the same when their email addresses are the same.
overload: <B>stringificationB>() When the object is used in string context, it will return the encoded representation of the e-mail address, just like string() does.

METHODS

See documentation in the base class.

    Constructors

See documentation in the base class.
$obj-><B>coerceB>(STRING|OBJECT, OPTIONS) Try to coerce the OBJECT into a Mail::Message::Field::Address. In case of a STRING, it is interpreted as an email address.

The OPTIONS are passed to the object creation, and overrule the values found in the OBJECT. The result may be undef or a newly created object. If the OBJECT is already of the correct type, it is returned unmodified.

The OBJECT may currently be a Mail::Address, a Mail::Identity, or a User::Identity. In case of the latter, one of the user’s addresses is chosen at random.

Mail::Message::Field::Address-><B>newB>([NAME], OPTIONS) See Constructors in Mail::Identity
$obj-><B>parseB>(STRING) Parse the string for an address. You never know whether one or more addresses are specified on a line (often applications are wrong), therefore, the STRING is first parsed for as many addresses as possible and then the one is taken at random.

    Attributes

See documentation in the base class.
$obj-><B>addressB>() See Attributes in Mail::Identity
$obj-><B>charsetB>() See Attributes in Mail::Identity
$obj-><B>commentB>([STRING]) See Attributes in Mail::Identity
$obj-><B>descriptionB>() See Attributes in User::Identity::Item
$obj-><B>domainB>() See Attributes in Mail::Identity
$obj-><B>languageB>() See Attributes in Mail::Identity
$obj-><B>locationB>() See Attributes in Mail::Identity
$obj-><B>nameB>([NEWNAME]) See Attributes in User::Identity::Item
$obj-><B>organizationB>() See Attributes in Mail::Identity
$obj-><B>phraseB>() See Attributes in Mail::Identity
$obj-><B>usernameB>() See Attributes in Mail::Identity

    Collections

See documentation in the base class.
$obj-><B>addB>(COLLECTION, ROLE) See Collections in User::Identity::Item
$obj-><B>addCollectionB>(OBJECT | ([TYPE], OPTIONS)) See Collections in User::Identity::Item
$obj-><B>collectionB>(NAME) See Collections in User::Identity::Item
$obj-><B>findB>(COLLECTION, ROLE) See Collections in User::Identity::Item
$obj-><B>parentB>([PARENT]) See Collections in User::Identity::Item
$obj-><B>removeCollectionB>(OBJECT|NAME) See Collections in User::Identity::Item
$obj-><B>typeB>()
Mail::Message::Field::Address-><B>typeB>() See Collections in User::Identity::Item
$obj-><B>userB>() See Collections in User::Identity::Item

    Accessors

$obj-><B>encodingB>() Character-set encoding, like ’q’ and ’b’, to be used when non-ascii characters are to be transmitted.

    Access to the content

$obj-><B>stringB>() Returns an RFC compliant e-mail address, which will have character set encoding if needed. The objects are also overloaded to call this method in string context.

example:



 print $address->string;
 print $address;          # via overloading



DIAGNOSTICS

Error: $object is not a collection. The first argument is an object, but not of a class which extends User::Identity::Collection.
Error: Cannot coerce a $type into a Mail::Message::Field::Address When addresses are specified to be included in header fields, they may be coerced into Mail::Message::Field::Address objects first. What you specify is not accepted as address specification. This may be an internal error.
Error: Cannot load collection module for $type ($class). Either the specified $type does not exist, or that module named $class returns compilation errors. If the type as specified in the warning is not the name of a package, you specified a nickname which was not defined. Maybe you forgot the ’require’ the package which defines the nickname.
Error: Creation of a collection via $class failed. The $class did compile, but it was not possible to create an object of that class using the options you specified.
Error: Don’t know what type of collection you want to add. If you add a collection, it must either by a collection object or a list of options which can be used to create a collection object. In the latter case, the type of collection must be specified.
Warning: No collection $name The collection with $name does not exist and can not be created.

SEE ALSO

This module is part of Mail-Box distribution version 2.109, built on August 19, 2013. Website: http://perl.overmeer.net/mailbox/

LICENSE

Copyrights 2001-2013 by [Mark Overmeer]. For other contributors see ChangeLog.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself. See http://www.perl.com/perl/misc/Artistic.html

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perl v5.20.3 MAIL::MESSAGE::FIELD::ADDRESS (3) 2013-08-19

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