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Manual Reference Pages  -  MOOSE::COOKBOOK::ROLES::RESTARTABLE_ADVANCEDCOMPOSITION (3)

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NAME

Moose::Cookbook::Roles::Restartable_AdvancedComposition - Advanced Role Composition - method exclusion and aliasing

CONTENTS

VERSION

version 2.1605

SYNOPSIS



  package Restartable;
  use Moose::Role;

  has is_paused => (
      is      => rw,
      isa     => Bool,
      default => 0,
  );

  requires save_state, load_state;

  sub stop { 1 }

  sub start { 1 }

  package Restartable::ButUnreliable;
  use Moose::Role;

  with Restartable => {
      -alias => {
          stop  => _stop,
          start => _start
      },
      -excludes => [ stop, start ],
  };

  sub stop {
      my $self = shift;

      $self->explode() if rand(1) > .5;

      $self->_stop();
  }

  sub start {
      my $self = shift;

      $self->explode() if rand(1) > .5;

      $self->_start();
  }

  package Restartable::ButBroken;
  use Moose::Role;

  with Restartable => { -excludes => [ stop, start ] };

  sub stop {
      my $self = shift;

      $self->explode();
  }

  sub start {
      my $self = shift;

      $self->explode();
  }



DESCRIPTION

In this example, we demonstrate how to exercise fine-grained control over what methods we consume from a role. We have a Restartable role which provides an is_paused attribute, and two methods, stop and start.

Then we have two more roles which implement the same interface, each putting their own spin on the stop and start methods.

In the Restartable::ButUnreliable role, we want to provide a new implementation of stop and start, but still have access to the original implementation. To do this, we alias the methods from Restartable to private methods, and provide wrappers around the originals (1).

Note that aliasing simply adds a name, so we also need to exclude the methods with their original names.



  with Restartable => {
      -alias => {
          stop  => _stop,
          start => _start
      },
      -excludes => [ stop, start ],
  };



In the Restartable::ButBroken role, we want to provide an entirely new behavior for stop and start. We exclude them entirely when composing the Restartable role into Restartable::ButBroken.

It’s worth noting that the -excludes parameter also accepts a single string as an argument if you just want to exclude one method.



  with Restartable => { -excludes => [ stop, start ] };



CONCLUSION

Exclusion and renaming are a power tool that can be handy, especially when building roles out of other roles. In this example, all of our roles implement the Restartable role. Each role provides same API, but each has a different implementation under the hood.

You can also use the method aliasing and excluding features when composing a role into a class.

FOOTNOTES

(1) The mention of wrapper should tell you that we could do the same thing using method modifiers, but for the sake of this example, we don’t.

AUTHORS

o Stevan Little <stevan.little@iinteractive.com>
o Dave Rolsky <autarch@urth.org>
o Jesse Luehrs <doy@tozt.net>
o Shawn M Moore <code@sartak.org>
o XXXX XXXXX (Yuval Kogman) <nothingmuch@woobling.org>
o Karen Etheridge <ether@cpan.org>
o Florian Ragwitz <rafl@debian.org>
o Hans Dieter Pearcey <hdp@weftsoar.net>
o Chris Prather <chris@prather.org>
o Matt S Trout <mst@shadowcat.co.uk>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is copyright (c) 2006 by Infinity Interactive, Inc.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

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perl v5.20.3 MOOSE::COOKBOOK::ROLES::RESTARTABLE_ADVANCEDCOMPOSITION (3) 2016-02-16

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