GSP
Quick Navigator

Search Site

Unix VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Support
Contact Us
Online Help
Handbooks
Domain Status
Man Pages

FAQ
Virtual Servers
Pricing
Billing
Technical

Network
Facilities
Connectivity
Topology Map

Miscellaneous
Server Agreement
Year 2038
Credits
 

USA Flag

 

 

Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  NET::DNS::TOOLKIT::RR::NULL (3)

.ds Aq ’

NAME

Net::DNS::ToolKit::RR::NULL - Resource Record Handler

CONTENTS

SYNOPSIS



  DO NOT use Net::DNS::ToolKit::RR::NULL
  DO NOT require Net::DNS::ToolKit::RR::NULL

  Net::DNS::ToolKit::RR::NULL is autoloaded by
  class Net::DNS::ToolKit::RR and its methods
  are instantiated in a special manner.

  use Net::DNS::ToolKit::RR;
  ($get,$put,$parse) = new Net::DNS::ToolKit::RR;

  ($newoff,$name,$type,$class,$ttl,$rdlength,
        $anydata) = $get->NULL(\$buffer,$offset);

  Note: the $get->NULL method is normally called
  via:  @stuff = $get->next(\$buffer,$offset);

  ($newoff,@dnptrs)=$put->NULL(\$buffer,$offset,\@dnptrs,
        $name,$type,$class,$ttl,$anydata);

  $NAME,$TYPE,$CLASS,$TTL,$rdlength,$anydata)
    = $parse->NULL($name,$type,$class,$ttl,$anydata);



DESCRIPTION

<B>Net::DNS::ToolKit::RR:NULLB> appends an NULL resource record to a DNS packet under construction, recovers an NULL resource record from a packet being decoded, and converts the numeric/binary portions of the resource record to human readable form.



  Description from RFC1035.txt

  3.2.1. Format

  All RRs have the same top level format shown below:

                                    1  1  1  1  1  1
      0  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  0  1  2  3  4  5
    +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
    |                      NAME                     |
    +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
    |                      TYPE                     |
    +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
    |                     CLASS                     |
    +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
    |                      TTL                      |
    +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
    |                   RDLENGTH                    |
    +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--|
    |                     RDATA                     |
    +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+

  NAME  an owner name, i.e., the name of the node to which this
        resource record pertains.

  TYPE  two octets containing one of the RR TYPE codes.

  CLASS two octets containing one of the RR CLASS codes.

  TTL   a 32 bit signed integer that specifies the time interval
        that the resource record may be cached before the source
        of the information should again be consulted.  Zero
        values are interpreted to mean that the RR can only be
        used for the transaction in progress, and should not be
        cached.  For example, SOA records are always distributed
        with a zero TTL to prohibit caching.  Zero values can
        also be used for extremely volatile data.

  RDLENGTH an unsigned 16 bit integer that specifies the length
        in octets of the RDATA field.

  RDATA a variable length string of octets that describes the
        resource.  The format of this information varies
        according to the TYPE and CLASS of the resource record.

  3.3.10. NULL RDATA format (EXPERIMENTAL)

    +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
    /                  <anything>                   /
    /                                               /
    +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+



Anything at all may be in the RDATA field so long as it is 65535 octets or less.

This is probably not correct. An entire resource record + question, etc... info must fit inside the 65535 record because that is the limitation imposed by TCP window size. See: extra_docs/draft-ietf-dnsext-axfr-clarify-05.txt section 3.1

NULL records cause no additional section processing. NULL RRs are not allowed in master files. NULLs are used as placeholders in some experimental extensions of the DNS.
o @stuff = $get->NULL(\$buffer,$offset);



  Get the contents of the resource record.

  USE: @stuff = $get->next(\$buffer,$offset);

  where: @stuff = (
  $newoff $name,$type,$class,$ttl,$anydata );



All except the last item, <B>B>$anydata<B>B>, is provided by the class loader, <B>Net::DNS::ToolKit::RRB>. The code in this method knows how to retrieve <B>B>$anydata<B>B>.



  input:        pointer to buffer,
                offset into buffer
  returns:      offset to next resource,
                @common RR elements,
                lots of bytes



o ($newoff,@dnptrs)=$put->NULL(\$buffer,$offset,\@dnptrs,
        $name,$type,$class,$ttl,$anydata);

Append a NULL record to $buffer.



  where @common = (
        $name,$type,$class,$ttl);



The method will insert the $rdlength and $anydata, then pass through the updated pointer to the array of compressed names

The class loader, <B>Net::DNS::ToolKit::RRB>, inserts the @common elements and returns updated @dnptrs. This module knows how to insert its RDATA and calculate the $rdlength.



  input:        pointer to buffer,
                offset (normally end of buffer),
                pointer to compressed name array,
                @common RR elements,
                lots of bytes
  output:       offset to next RR,
                new compressed name pointer array,
           or   empty list () on error.



o (@COMMON,$anydata) = $parse->NULL(@common,$anydata);

Converts binary/numeric field data into human readable form. The common RR elements are supplied by the class loader, <B>Net::DNS::ToolKit::RRB>. For NULL RR’s, this is a null operation.



  input:        lots of bytes
  returns:      the same bytes



DEPENDENCIES



        Net::DNS::ToolKit
        Net::DNS::Codes
        Net::DNS::ToolKit::RR::TXT



EXPORT



        none



AUTHOR

Michael Robinton <michael@bizsystems.com>

COPYRIGHT



    Copyright 2003 - 2011, Michael Robinton <michael@bizsystems.com>



Michael Robinton <michael@bizsystems.com>

All rights reserved.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of either:



  a) the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
  Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any
  later version, or

  b) the "Artistic License" which comes with this distribution.



This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See either the GNU General Public License or the Artistic License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the Artistic License with this distribution, in the file named Artistic. If not, I’ll be glad to provide one.

You should also have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program in the file named Copying. If not, write to the



        Free Software Foundation, Inc.                       
        59 Temple Place, Suite 330
        Boston, MA  02111-1307, USA



or visit their web page on the internet at:



        http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/gpl.html.



See also:

Net::DNS::Codes(3), Net::DNS::ToolKit(3)
Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section 3 |  Main Index


perl v5.20.3 NET::DNS::TOOLKIT::RR::NULL (3) 2013-04-24

Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with manServer 1.07.