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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  NET::SCP (3)

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NAME

Net::SCP - Perl extension for secure copy protocol

CONTENTS

SYNOPSIS



  #procedural interface
  use Net::SCP qw(scp iscp);
  scp($source, $destination);
  iscp($source, $destination); #shows command, asks for confirmation, and
                               #allows user to type a password on tty

  #OO interface
  $scp = Net::SCP->new( "hostname", "username" );
  #with named params
  $scp = Net::SCP->new( { "host"=>$hostname, "user"=>$username } );
  $scp->get("filename") or die $scp->{errstr};
  $scp->put("filename") or die $scp->{errstr};
  #tmtowtdi
  $scp = new Net::SCP;
  $scp->scp($source, $destination);

  #Net::FTP-style
  $scp = Net::SCP->new("hostname");
  $scp->login("user");
  $scp->cwd("/dir");
  $scp->size("file");
  $scp->get("file");



DESCRIPTION

Simple wrappers around ssh and scp commands.

SUBROUTINES

scp SOURCE, DESTINATION Can be called either as a subroutine or a method; however, the subroutine interface is depriciated.

Calls scp in batch mode, with the <B>-BB> <B>-pB> <B>-qB> and <B>-rB> options. Returns false upon error, with a text error message accessable in $scp->{errstr}.

Returns false and sets the <B>errstrB> attribute if there is an error.

iscp SOURCE, DESTINATION Can be called either as a subroutine or a method; however, the subroutine interface is depriciated.

Prints the scp command to be execute, waits for the user to confirm, and (optionally) executes scp, with the <B>-pB> and <B>-rB> flags.

Returns false and sets the <B>errstrB> attribute if there is an error.

METHODS

new HOSTNAME [ USER ] | HASHREF This is the constructor for a new Net::SCP object. You must specify a hostname, and may optionally provide a user. Alternatively, you may pass a hashref of named params, with the following keys:



    host - hostname
    user - username
    interactive - bool
    cwd - current working directory on remote server



login [USER] Compatibility method. Optionally sets the user.
cwd CWD Sets the cwd (used for a subsequent get or put request without a full pathname).
get REMOTE_FILE [, LOCAL_FILE] Uses scp to transfer REMOTE_FILE from the remote host. If a local filename is omitted, uses the basename of the remote file.
mkdir DIRECTORY Makes a directory on the remote server. Returns false and sets the <B>errstrB> attribute on errors.

(Implementation note: An ssh connection is established to the remote machine and ’/bin/mkdir <B>-pB>’ is used to create the directory.)

size FILE Returns the size in bytes for the given file as stored on the remote server. Returns 0 on error, and sets the <B>errstrB> attribute. In the case of an actual zero-length file on the remote server, the special value ’0e0’ is returned, which evaluates to zero when used as a number, but is true.

(Implementation note: An ssh connection is established to the remote machine and wc is used to determine the file size.)

put LOCAL_FILE [, REMOTE_FILE] Uses scp to trasnfer LOCAL_FILE to the remote host. If a remote filename is omitted, uses the basename of the local file.
binary Compatibility method: does nothing; returns true.
quit Compatibility method: does nothing; returns true.

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

Q: How do you supply a password to connect with ssh within a perl script using the Net::SSH module?

A: You don’t (at least not with this module). Use RSA or DSA keys. See the
quick help in the next section and the ssh-keygen(1) manpage.

A #2: See Net::SCP::Expect instead.

Q: My script is leaking scp processes.

A: See How do I avoid zombies on a Unix system in perlfaq8, IPC::Open2, IPC::Open3 and waitpid in perlfunc.

GENERATING AND USING SSH KEYS

1 Generate keys Type:



   ssh-keygen -t rsa



And do not enter a passphrase unless you wanted to be prompted for one during file copying.

Here is what you will see:



   $ ssh-keygen -t rsa
   Generating public/private rsa key pair.
   Enter file in which to save the key (/home/User/.ssh/id_rsa):
   Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):

   Enter same passphrase again:

   Your identification has been saved in /home/User/.ssh/id_rsa.
   Your public key has been saved in /home/User/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.
   The key fingerprint is:
   5a:cd:2b:0a:cd:d9:15:85:26:79:40:0c:55:2a:f4:23 User@JEFF-CPU



2 Copy public to machines you want to upload to id_rsa.pub is your public key. Copy it to ~/.ssh on target machine.

Put a copy of the public key file on each machine you want to log into. Name the copy authorized_keys (some implementations name this file authorized_keys2)

Then type:



     chmod 600 authorized_keys



Then make sure your home dir on the remote machine is not group or world writeable.

AUTHORS

Could really use a maintainer with enough time to at least review and apply patches more patches. Or the module should just be deprecated in favor of Net::SFTP::Expect or Net::SFTP::Foreign and made into a simple compatiblity wrapper.

Ivan Kohler <ivan-netscp_pod@420.am>

Major updates Anthony Deaver <bishop@projectmagnus.org>

Thanks to Jon Gunnip <jon@soundbite.com> for fixing a bug with size().

Patch for the mkdir method by Anthony Awtrey <tony@awtrey.com>.

Thanks to terrence brannon <tbone@directsynergy.com> for the documentation in the GENERATING AND USING SSH KEYS section.

COPYRIGHT

Copyright (c) 2000 Ivan Kohler Copyright (c) 2007 Freeside Internet Services, Inc. All rights reserved. This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

BUGS

Still has no-OO cruft.

In order to work around some problems with commercial SSH2, if the source file is on the local system, and is not a directory, the <B>-rB> flag is omitted. It’s probably better just to use OpenSSH <http://www.openssh.com/> which is the de-facto standard these days anyway.

The Net::FTP-style OO stuff is kinda lame. And incomplete.

iscp doesnt expect you to be logging into the box that you are copying to for the first time. so it’s completely clueless about how to handle the whole ’add this file to known hosts’ message so it just hangs after the user hits y. (Thanks to John L. Utz III). To avoid this, SSH to the box once first.

SEE ALSO

For a perl implementation that does not require the system <B>scpB> command, see Net::SFTP instead.

For a wrapper version that allows you to use passwords, see Net::SCP::Expect instead.

For a wrapper version of the newer SFTP protocol, see Net::SFTP::Foreign instead.

Net::SSH, Net::SSH::Perl, Net::SSH::Expect, Net::SSH2, IPC::PerlSSH

scp(1), ssh(1), IO::File, IPC::Open2, IPC::Open3

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