GSP
Quick Navigator

Search Site

Unix VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Support
Contact Us
Online Help
Handbooks
Domain Status
Man Pages

FAQ
Virtual Servers
Pricing
Billing
Technical

Network
Facilities
Connectivity
Topology Map

Miscellaneous
Server Agreement
Year 2038
Credits
 

USA Flag

 

 

Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  NET::XMPP2::CONNECTION (3)

.ds Aq ’

NAME

Net::XMPP2::Connection - XML stream that implements the XMPP RFC 3920.

CONTENTS

SYNOPSIS



   use Net::XMPP2::Connection;

   my $con =
      Net::XMPP2::Connection->new (
         username => "abc",
         domain => "jabber.org",
         resource => "Net::XMPP2"
      );

   $con->reg_cb (stream_ready => sub { print "XMPP stream ready!\n" });
   $con->connect; # will do non-blocking connect



DESCRIPTION

This module represents a XMPP stream as described in RFC 3920. You can issue the basic XMPP XML stanzas with methods like send_iq, send_message and send_presence.

And receive events with the reg_cb event framework from the connection.

If you need instant messaging stuff please take a look at Net::XMPP2::IM::Connection.

METHODS

<B>new (%args)B> Following arguments can be passed in %args:
language => $tag This should be the language of the human readable contents that will be transmitted over the stream. The default will be ’en’.

Please look in RFC 3066 how $tag should look like.

jid => $jid This can be used to set the settings username, domain (and optionally resource) from a $jid.
resource => $resource If this argument is given $resource will be passed as desired resource on resource binding.

Note: You have to take care that the stringprep profile for resources can be applied at: $resource. Otherwise the server might signal an error. See Net::XMPP2::Util for utility functions to check this.

domain => $domain This is the destination host we are going to connect to. As the connection won’t be automatically connected use connect to initiate the connect.

Note: A SRV RR lookup will be performed to discover the real hostname and port to connect to. See also connect. This option is usually not very useful if SRV RR lookup is performed, as it is only used as a fallback. If you want to force the hostname to a certain value use override_host, which also disabled SRV RR lookup.

override_host => $host If this option is set no SRV RR lookup is performed and the $host will be used to connect to.
override_port => $port If this option is set the port of the server we are going to connect to is forced to $port (even if SRV RR tells us something different).
port => $port This is optional, the default port is 5222.

Note: A SRV RR lookup will be performed to discover the real hostname and port to connect to. See also connect. This option is usually not very useful if SRV RR lookup is performed, as it is only used as a fallback. If you want to force the port to a certain value use override_port.

connect_timeout => $timeout This sets the connection timeout. If the socket connect takes too long a disconnect event will be generated with an appropriate error message. If this argument is not given no timeout is installed for the connects.
username => $username This is your $username (the userpart in the JID);

Note: You have to take care that the stringprep profile for nodes can be applied at: $username. Otherwise the server might signal an error. See Net::XMPP2::Util for utility functions to check this.

password => $password This is the password for the username above.
disable_ssl => $bool If $bool is true no SSL will be used.
disable_sasl => $bool If $bool is true SASL will NOT be used to authenticate with the server, even if it advertises SASL through stream features. Alternative authentication methods will be used, such as IQ Auth (XEP-0078) if the server offers it.
disable_iq_auth => $bool This disables the use of IQ Auth (XEP-0078) for authentication, you might want to exclude it because it’s deprecated and insecure. (However, I want to reach a maximum in compatibility with Net::XMPP2 so I’m not disabling this by default.

See also disable_old_jabber_authentication below.

anal_iq_auth => $bool This enables the anal iq auth mechanism that will first look in the stream features before trying to start iq authentication. Yes, servers don’t always advertise what they can. I only implemented this option for my test suite.
disable_old_jabber_authentication => $bool If $bool is a true value, then the <B>VERYB> old style authentication method with <B>VERYB> old jabber server won’t be used when a <stream> start tag from the server without version attribute is received.

The <B>VERYB> old style authentication method is per default enabled to ensure maximum compatibility with old jabber implementations. The old method works as follows: When a <stream> start tag is received from the server with no ’version’ attribute IQ Auth (XEP-0078) will be initiated to authenticate with the server.

Please note that the old authentication method will fail if disable_iq_auth is true.

whitespace_ping_interval => $interval This will set the whitespace ping interval (in seconds). The default interval are 60 seconds. You can disable the whitespace ping by setting $interval to 0.
blocking_write => $bool This is a special option which will make all send operations send_message, send_iq and send_presence block until the output buffer is empty. If this option is enabled every send_message, send_iq and send_presence call will call drain internally to block until the output buffer is empty.

This option is DISABLED by default and you should only enable it if you know what you are doing.

<B>connect ($no_srv_rr)B> Try to connect (non blocking) to the domain and port passed in new.

A SRV RR lookup will be performed on the domain to discover the host and port to use. If you don’t want this set $no_srv_rr to a true value. $no_srv_rr is false by default.

As the SRV RR lookup might return multiple host and you fail to connect to one you might just call this function again to try a different host.

The connection is performed non blocking, so this method will just trigger the connection process. The event connect will be emitted when the connection was successfully established.

If the connection try was not successful a disconnect event will be generated with an error message.

NOTE: The XML stream initiation is sent when the connection was successfully connected.

<B>is_connected ()B> Returns true if the connection is still connected and stanzas can be sent.
<B>set_default_iq_timeout ($seconds)B> This sets the default timeout for IQ requests. If the timeout runs out the request will be aborted and the callback called with a Net::XMPP2::Error::IQ object where the condition method returns a special value (see also condition method of Net::XMPP2::Error::IQ).

The default timeout for IQ is 60 seconds.

<B>send_iq ($type, B>$create_cb<B>, B>$result_cb<B>, B>%attrs<B>)B> This method sends an IQ XMPP <B>requestB>.

If you want to <B>respondB> to a IQ request you received via the iq_set_request_xml, and iq_get_request_xml events you have to use the reply_iq_result or reply_iq_error methods documented below.

Please take a look at the documentation for send_iq in Net::XMPP2::Writer about the meaning of $type, $create_cb and %attrs (with the exception of the ’timeout’ key of %attrs, see below).

$result_cb will be called when a result was received or the timeout reached. The first argument to $result_cb will be a Net::XMPP2::Node instance containing the IQ result stanza contents.

If the IQ resulted in a stanza error the second argument to $result_cb will be undef (if the error type was not ’continue’) and the third argument will be a Net::XMPP2::Error::IQ object.

The timeout can be set by set_default_iq_timeout or passed seperatly in the %attrs array as the value for the key timeout (timeout in seconds btw.).

This method returns the newly generated id for this iq request.

<B>next_iq_idB> This method returns the next IQ id that will be used.
<B>reply_iq_result ($req_iq_node, B>$create_cb<B>, B>%attrs<B>)B> This method will generate a result reply to the iq request Net::XMPP2::Node in $req_iq_node.

Please take a look at the documentation for send_iq in Net::XMPP2::Writer about the meaning $create_cb and %attrs.

Use $create_cb to create the XML for the result.

The type for this iq reply is ’result’.

The to attribute of the reply stanza will be set to the from attribute of the $req_iq_node. If $req_iq_node had no from node it won’t be set. If you want to overwrite the to field just pass it via %attrs.

<B>reply_iq_error ($req_iq_node, B>$error_type<B>, B>$error<B>, B>%attrs<B>)B> This method will generate an error reply to the iq request Net::XMPP2::Node in $req_iq_node.

$error_type is one of ’cancel’, ’continue’, ’modify’, ’auth’ and ’wait’. $error is one of the defined error conditions described in write_error_tag method of Net::XMPP2::Writer.

Please take a look at the documentation for send_iq in Net::XMPP2::Writer about the meaning of %attrs.

The type for this iq reply is ’error’.

The to attribute of the reply stanza will be set to the from attribute of the $req_iq_node. If $req_iq_node had no from node it won’t be set. If you want to overwrite the to field just pass it via %attrs.

<B>authenticateB> This method should be called after the stream_pre_authentication event was emitted to continue authentication of the stream.

Usually this method only has to be called when you want to register before you authenticate. See also the documentation of the stream_pre_authentication event below.

<B>send_presence ($type, B>$create_cb<B>, B>%attrs<B>)B> This method sends a presence stanza, for the meanings of $type, $create_cb and %attrs please take a look at the documentation for send_presence method of Net::XMPP2::Writer.

This methods does attach an id attribute to the presence stanza and will return the id that was used (so you can react on possible replies).

<B>send_message ($to, B>$type<B>, B>$create_cb<B>, B>%attrs<B>)B> This method sends a message stanza, for the meanings of $to, $type, $create_cb and %attrs please take a look at the documentation for send_message method of Net::XMPP2::Writer.

This methods does attach an id attribute to the message stanza and will return the id that was used (so you can react on possible replies).

<B>do_rebind ($resource)B> In case you got a bind_error event and want to retry binding you can call this function to set a new $resource and retry binding.

If it fails again you can call this again. Becareful not to end up in a loop!

If binding was successful the stream_ready event will be generated.

<B>jidB> After the stream has been bound to a resource the JID can be retrieved via this method.
<B>featuresB> Returns the last received <features> tag in form of an Net::XMPP2::Node object.
<B>stream_idB> This is the ID of this stream that was given us by the server.
<B>drainB> This method will block until the output buffer is empty. For example if you want to block the program until the message sent by send_message, send_iq or send_presence or any other sending method, is written out to the kernel completly.

NOTE: Use this method only if you know what you are doing!

Also note that this function will emit the send_buffer_empty event when the buffer was emptied successfully. On error the connection is disconnected with the error message.

EVENTS

The Net::XMPP2::Connection class is derived from the Object::Event class, and thus inherits the event callback registering system from it. Consult the documentation of Object::Event about more details.

NODE: Every callback gets as it’s first argument the Net::XMPP2::Connection object. The further callback arguments are described in the following listing of events.

These events can be registered on with reg_cb:
stream_features => $node This event is sent when a stream feature (<features>) tag is received. $node is the Net::XMPP2::Node object that represents the <features> tag.
stream_pre_authentication This event is emitted after TLS/SSL was initiated (if enabled) and before any authentication happened.

The return value of the first event callback that is called decides what happens next. If it is true value the authentication continues. If it is undef or a false value authentication is stopped and you need to call authentication later. value

This event is usually used when you want to do in-band registration, see also Net::XMPP2::Ext::Registration.

stream_ready => $jid This event is sent if the XML stream has been established (and resources have been bound) and is ready for transmitting regular stanzas.

$jid is the bound jabber id.

error => $error This event is generated whenever some error occured. $error is an instance of Net::XMPP2::Error. Trivial error reporting may look like this:



   $con->reg_cb (error => sub { warn "xmpp error: " . $_[1]->string . "\n" });



Basically this event is a collect event for all other error events.

stream_error => $error This event is sent if a XML stream error occured. $error is a Net::XMPP2::Error::Stream object.
xml_parser_error => $error This event is generated whenever the parser trips over XML that it can’t read. $error is a Net::XMPP2::Error::Parser object.
tls_error This event is emitted when a TLS error occured on TLS negotiation. After this the connection will be disconnected.
sasl_error => $error This event is emitted on SASL authentication error.
iq_auth_error => $error This event is emitted when IQ authentication (XEP-0078) failed.
bind_error => $error, $resource This event is generated when the stream was unable to bind to any or the in new specified resource. $error is a Net::XMPP2::Error::IQ object. $resource is the errornous resource string or undef if none was received.

The condition of the $error might be one of: ’bad-request’, ’not-allowed’ or ’conflict’.

Node: this is untested, I couldn’t get the server to send a bind error to test this.

connect => $host, $port This event is generated when a successful connect was performed to the domain passed to new.

Note: $host and $port might be different from the domain you passed to new if connect performed a SRV RR lookup.

If this connection is lost a disconnect will be generated with the same $host and $port.

disconnect => $host, $port, $message This event is generated when the connection was lost or another error occured while writing or reading from it.

$message is a humand readable error message for the failure. $host and $port were the host and port we were connected to.

Note: $host and $port might be different from the domain you passed to new if connect performed a SRV RR lookup.

recv_stanza_xml => $node This event is generated before any processing of a XML stanza happens. $node is the node of the stanza that is being processed, it’s of type Net::XMPP2::Node.

This method might not be as handy for debuggin purposes as debug_recv.

If you want to handle the stanza yourself and don’t want this module to take care of it return a true value from your registered callback.

If any of the event callbacks return a true value this stanza will be ignored.

send_stanza_data => $data This event is generated shortly before data is sent to the socket. $data contains a complete XML stanza or the end of stream closing tag. This method is useful for debugging purposes and I recommend using XML::Twig or something like that to display it nicely.

See also the event debug_send.

debug_send => $data This method is invoked whenever data is written out. This event is mostly the same as send_stanza_data.
debug_recv => $data This method is incoked whenever a chunk of data was received.

It works to filter $data through XML::Twig for debugging display purposes sometimes, but as $data is some arbitrary chunk of bytes you might get a XML parse error (did I already mention that XMPP’s application of XML sucks?).

So you might want to use recv_stanza_xml to detect complete stanzas. Unfortunately recv_stanza_xml doesn’t have the bytes anymore and just a datastructure (Net::XMPP2::Node).

send_buffer_empty This event is VERY useful if you want to wait (or at least be notified) when the output buffer is empty. If you got a bunch of messages to sent or even one and you want to do something when the output buffer is empty, you can wait for this event. It is emitted everytime the output buffer is completly written out to the kernel.

Here is an example:



   $con->reg_cb (send_buffer_empty => sub {
      $con->disconnect ("wrote message, going to disconnect now...");
   });
   $con->send_message ("Test message!" => elmex@jabber.org, undef, chat);



presence_xml => $node This event is sent when a presence stanza is received. $node is the Net::XMPP2::Node object that represents the <presence> tag.
message_xml => $node This event is sent when a message stanza is received. $node is the Net::XMPP2::Node object that represents the <message> tag.
iq_xml => $node This event is emitted when a iq stanza arrives. $node is the Net::XMPP2::Node object that represents the <iq> tag.
iq_set_request_xml => $node
iq_get_request_xml => $node These events are sent when an iq request stanza of type ’get’ or ’set’ is received. $type will either be ’get’ or ’set’ and $node will be the Net::XMPP2::Node object of the iq tag.

If one of the event callbacks returns a true value the IQ request will be considered as handled. If no callback returned a true value or no value at all an error iq will be generated.

iq_result_cb_exception => $exception If the $result_cb of a send_iq operation somehow threw a exception or failed this event will be generated.
send_iq_hook => $id, $type, $attrs This event lets you add any desired number of additional create callbacks to a IQ stanza that is about to be sent.

$id, $type are described in the documentation of send_iq of Net::XMPP2::Writer. $attrs is the hashref to the %attrs hash that can be passed to send_iq and also has the exact same semantics as described in the documentation of send_iq.

The return values of the event callbacks are interpreted as $create_cb value as documented for send_iq. (That means you can for example return a callback that fills the IQ).

Example:



   # this appends a <test/> element to all outgoing IQs
   # and also a <test2/> element to all outgoing IQs
   $con->reg_cb (send_iq_hook => sub {
      my ($con, $id, $type, $attrs) = @_;
      (sub {
         my $w = shift; # $w is a XML::Writer instance
         $w->emptyTag (test);
      }, {
         node => { name => "test2" } # see also simxml() defined in Net::XMPP2::Util
      })
   });



send_message_hook => $id, $to, $type, $attrs This event lets you add any desired number of additional create callbacks to a message stanza that is about to be sent.

$id, $to, $type and the hashref $attrs are described in the documentation for send_message of Net::XMPP2::Writer ($attrs is %attrs there).

To actually append something you need to return something, what you need to return is described in the send_iq_hook event above.

send_presence_hook => $id, $type, $attrs This event lets you add any desired number of additional create callbacks to a presence stanza that is about to be sent.

$id, $type and the hashref $attrs are described in the documentation for send_presence of Net::XMPP2::Writer ($attrs is %attrs there).

To actually append something you need to return something, what you need to return is described in the send_iq_hook event above.

AUTHOR

Robin Redeker, <elmex at ta-sa.org>, JID: <elmex at jabber.org>

CONTRIBUTORS

melo - minor fixes

COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

Copyright 2007 Robin Redeker, all rights reserved.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section 3 |  Main Index


perl v5.20.3 NET::XMPP2::CONNECTION (3) 2008-08-01

Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with manServer 1.07.