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Manual Reference Pages  -  PARSE::METHOD::SIGNATURES (3)

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NAME

Parse::Method::Signatures - Perl6 like method signature parser

CONTENTS

DESCRIPTION

Inspired by Perl6::Signature but streamlined to just support the subset deemed useful for TryCatch and MooseX::Method::Signatures.

TODO

o Document the parameter return types.
o Probably lots of other things

METHODS

There are only two public methods to this module, both of which should be called as class methods. Both methods accept either a single (non-ref) scalar as the value for the input attribute, or normal new style arguments (hash or hash-ref).

    signature



 my $sig = Parse::Method::Signatures->signature( (Str $foo) )



Attempts to parse the (bracketed) method signature. Returns a value or croaks on error.

    param



  my $param = Parse::Method::Signatures->param( Str $foo where { length($_) < 10 })



Attempts to parse the specification for a single parameter. Returns value or croaks on error.

ATTRIBUTES

All the attributes on this class are read-only.

    input

<B>Type:B> Str

The string to parse.

    offset

<B>Type:B> Int

Offset into input at which to start parsing. Useful for using with Devel::Declare linestring

    signature_class

<B>Default:B> Parse::Method::Signatures::Sig

<B>Type:B> Str (loaded on demand class name)

    param_class

<B>Default:B> Parse::Method::Signatures::Param

<B>Type:B> Str (loaded on demand class name)

    type_constraint_class

<B>Default:B> Parse::Method::Signatures::TypeConstraint

<B>Type:B> Str (loaded on demand class name)

Class that is used to turn the parsed type constraint into an actual Moose::Meta::TypeConstraint object.

    from_namespace

<B>Type:B> ClassName

Let this module know which package it is parsing signatures form. This is entirely optional, and the only effect is has is on parsing type constraints.

If this attribute is set it is passed to type_constraint_class which can use it to introspect the package (commonly for MooseX::Types exported types). See find_registered_constraint in Parse::Method::Signature::TypeConstraints for more details.

    type_constraint_callback

<B>Type:B> CodeRef

Passed to the constructor of type_constraint_class. Default implementation of this callback asks Moose for a type constrain matching the name passed in. If you have more complex requirements, such as parsing types created by MooseX::Types then you will want a callback similar to this:



 # my $target_package defined elsewhere.
 my $tc_cb = sub {
   my ($pms_tc, $name) = @_;
   my $code = $target_package->can($name);
   $code ? eval { $code->() }
         : $pms_tc->find_registered_constraint($name);
 }



Note that the above example is better provided by providing the from_namespace attribute.

CAVEATS

Like Perl6::Signature, the parsing of certain constructs is currently only a ’best effort’ - specifically default values and where code blocks might not successfully for certain complex cases. Patches/Failing tests welcome.

Additionally, default value specifications are not evaluated which means that no such lexical or similar errors will not be produced by this module. Constant folding will also not be performed.

There are certain constructs that are simply too much hassle to avoid when the work around is simple. Currently the only cases that are known to parse wrong are when using anonymous variables (i.e. just sigils) in unpacked arrays. Take the following example:



 method foo (ArrayRef [$, $], $some_value_we_care_about) {



In this case the $] is treated as one of perl’s magic variables (specifically, the patch level of the Perl interpreter) rather than a $ followed by a ] as was almost certainly intended. The work around for this is simple: introduce a space between the characters:



 method foo (ArrayRef [ $, $ ], $some_value_we_care_about) {



The same applies

AUTHOR

Ash Berlin <ash@cpan.org>.

Thanks to Florian Ragwitz <rafl@debian.org>.

Many thanks to Piers Cawley to showing me the way to refactor my spaghetti code into something more manageable.

SEE ALSO

Devel::Declare which is used by most modules that use this (currently by all modules known to the author.)

<http://github.com/ashb/trycatch/tree>.

LICENSE

Licensed under the same terms as Perl itself.

This distribution copyright 2008-2009, Ash Berlin <ash@cpan.org>

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perl v5.20.3 PARSE::METHOD::SIGNATURES (3) 2014-01-12

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