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Manual Reference Pages  -  PRIMA::INTUTILS (3)

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Prima::IntUtils - internal functions



The module provides packages, containing common functionality for some standard classes. The packages are designed as a code containers, not as widget classes, and are to be used as secondary ascendants in the widget inheritance declaration.


Implements routines for emulation of auto repeating mouse events. A code inside MouseMove callback can be implemented by the following scheme:

        if ( mouse_pointer_inside_the_scrollable_area) {
                $self-> scroll_timer_stop;
        } else {
                $self-> scroll_timer_start unless $self-> scroll_timer_active;
                return unless $self-> scroll_timer_semaphore;
                $self-> scroll_timer_semaphore( 0);

The class uses a semaphore {mouseTransaction}, which should be set to non-zero if a widget is in mouse capture state, and set to zero or undef otherwise.

The class starts an internal timer, which sets a semaphore and calls MouseMove notification when triggered. The timer is assigned the timeouts, returned by Prima::Application::get_scroll_rate ( see get_scroll_rate in Prima::Application ).


scroll_timer_active Returns a boolean value indicating if the internal timer is started.
scroll_timer_semaphore [ VALUE ] A semaphore, set to 1 when the internal timer was triggered. It is advisable to check the semaphore state to discern a timer-generated event from the real mouse movement. If VALUE is specified, it is assigned to the semaphore.
scroll_timer_start Starts the internal timer.
scroll_timer_stop Stops the internal timer.


Provides the common functionality for the widgets that delegate part of their surface to the border elements. A list box can be of an example, where its scroll bars and 3-d borders are such elements.


indents ARRAY Contains four integers, specifying the breadth of decoration elements for each side. The first integer is width of the left element, the second - height of the lower element, the third - width of the right element, the fourth - height of the upper element.

The property can accept and return the array either as a four scalars, or as an anonymous array of four scalars.


get_active_area [ TYPE = 0, WIDTH, HEIGHT ] Calculates and returns the extension of the area without the border elements, or the active area. The extension are related to the current size of a widget, however, can be overridden by specifying WIDTH and HEIGHT. TYPE is an integer, indicating the type of calculation:
TYPE = 0 Returns four integers, defining the area in the inclusive-exclusive coordinates.
TYPE = 1 Returns four integers, defining the area in the inclusive-inclusive coordinates.
TYPE = 2 Returns two integers, the size of the area.


The class is used for widgets that contain optional scroll bars, and provides means for their maintenance. The class is the descendant of Prima::IntIndents, and adjusts the indents property when scrollbars are shown or hidden, or borderWidth is changed.

The class does not provide range selection for the scrollbars; the descentant classes must implement that.

The descendant classes must follow the guidelines:
o A class must provide borderWidth, hScroll, and vScroll property keys in profile_default() . A class may provide autoHScroll and autoVScroll property keys in profile_default() .
o A class’ init() method must set {borderWidth}, {hScroll}, and {vScroll} variables to 0 before the initialization, call setup_indents method, and then assign the properties from the object profile.

If a class provides autoHScroll and autoVScroll properties, these must be set to 0 before the initialization.

o If a class needs to overload one of borderWidth, hScroll, vScroll, autoHScroll, and autoVScroll properties, it is mandatory to call the inherited properties.
o A class must implement the scroll bar notification callbacks: HScroll_Change and VScroll_Change.
o A class must not use the reserved variable names, which are:

        {borderWidth}  - internal borderWidth storage
        {hScroll}      - internal hScroll value storage
        {vScroll}      - internal vScroll value storage
        {hScrollBar}   - pointer to the horizontal scroll bar
        {vScrollBar}   - pointer to the vertical scroll bar
        {bone}         - rectangular widget between the scrollbars
        {autoHScroll}  - internal autoHScroll value storage
        {autoVScroll}  - internal autoVScroll value storage

The reserved method names:


The reserved widget names:



autoHScroll BOOLEAN Selects if the horizontal scrollbar is to be shown and hidden dynamically, depending on the widget layout.
autoVScroll BOOLEAN Selects if the vertical scrollbar is to be shown and hidden dynamically, depending on the widget layout.
borderWidth INTEGER Width of 3d-shade border around the widget.

Recommended default value: 2

hScroll BOOLEAN Selects if the horizontal scrollbar is visible. If it is, {hScrollBar} points to it.
vScroll BOOLEAN Selects if the vertical scrollbar is visible. If it is, {vScrollBar} points to it.
scrollBarClass STRING = Prima::ScrollBar Create-only property that allows to change scrollbar class
hScrollBarProfile, vScrollBarProfile HASH Create-only property that allows to change scrollbar parameters when it is being created


setup_indents The method is never called directly; it should be called whenever widget layout is changed so that indents are affected. The method is a request to recalculate indents, depending on the widget layout.

The method is not reentrant; to receive this callback and update the widget layout, that in turn can result in more setup_indents calls, overload reset_indents .

reset_indents Called after setup_indents is called and internal widget layout is updated, to give a chance to follow-up the layout changes.


Used for classes that can edit and undo and redo its content.


undoLimit INTEGER Sets limit on number of stored atomic undo operations. If 0, undo is disabled.


begin_undo_group Opens bracket for group of actions, undone as single operation. The bracket is closed by calling end_undo_group.
end_undo_group Closes bracket for group of actions, opened by begin_undo_group.
redo Re-applies changes, formerly rolled back by undo.
undo Rolls back changes into internal array, which size cannot extend undoLimit value. In case undoLimit is 0, no undo actions can be made.


Dmitry Karasik, <>.


Prima, Prima::Widget, Prima::InputLine, Prima::Lists, Prima::Edit, Prima::Outlines, Prima::ScrollBar.
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