Manual Reference Pages - RAND_EGD (3)
RAND_egd - query entropy gathering daemon
int RAND_egd(const char *path);
int RAND_egd_bytes(const char *path, int bytes);
int RAND_query_egd_bytes(const char *path, unsigned char *buf, int bytes);
RAND_egd() queries the entropy gathering daemon EGD on socket path.
It queries 255 bytes and uses RAND_add(3) to seed the
OpenSSL built-in PRNG. RAND_egd(path) is a wrapper for
RAND_egd_bytes() queries the entropy gathering daemon EGD on socket path.
It queries bytes bytes and uses RAND_add(3) to seed the
OpenSSL built-in PRNG.
This function is more flexible than RAND_egd().
When only one secret key must
be generated, it is not necessary to request the full amount 255 bytes from
the EGD socket. This can be advantageous, since the amount of entropy
that can be retrieved from EGD over time is limited.
RAND_query_egd_bytes() performs the actual query of the EGD daemon on socket
path. If buf is given, bytes bytes are queried and written into
buf. If buf is NULL, bytes bytes are queried and used to seed the
OpenSSL built-in PRNG using RAND_add(3).
On systems without /dev/*random devices providing entropy from the kernel,
the EGD entropy gathering daemon can be used to collect entropy. It provides
a socket interface through which entropy can be gathered in chunks up to
255 bytes. Several chunks can be queried during one connection.
EGD is available from http://www.lothar.com/tech/crypto/ (perl
Makefile.PL; make; make install to install). It is run as egd
path, where path is an absolute path designating a socket. When
RAND_egd() is called with that path as an argument, it tries to read
random bytes that EGD has collected. RAND_egd() retrieves entropy from the
daemon using the daemons non-blocking read command which shall
be answered immediately by the daemon without waiting for additional
entropy to be collected. The write and read socket operations in the
communication are blocking.
Alternatively, the EGD-interface compatible daemon PRNGD can be used. It is
PRNGD does employ an internal PRNG itself and can therefore never run
out of entropy.
OpenSSL automatically queries EGD when entropy is requested via RAND_bytes()
or the status is checked via RAND_status() for the first time, if the socket
is located at /var/run/egd-pool, /dev/egd-pool or /etc/egd-pool.
RAND_egd() and RAND_egd_bytes() return the number of bytes read from the
daemon on success, and -1 if the connection failed or the daemon did not
return enough data to fully seed the PRNG.
RAND_query_egd_bytes() returns the number of bytes read from the daemon on
success, and -1 if the connection failed. The PRNG state is not considered.
RAND_egd() is available since OpenSSL 0.9.5.
RAND_egd_bytes() is available since OpenSSL 0.9.6.
RAND_query_egd_bytes() is available since OpenSSL 0.9.7.
The automatic query of /var/run/egd-pool et al was added in OpenSSL 0.9.7.
|1.0.1s ||RAND_EGD (3) ||2016-03-01 |
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