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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  SOCKET::CLASS::SSL (3)

.ds Aq ’

NAME

Socket::Class::SSL - SSL support for Socket::Class

CONTENTS

SYNOPSIS



  use Socket::Class::SSL;
 
  $ssl = Socket::Class::SSL->new( ... );
 
  $ssl = Socket::Class::SSL->starttls( $sock );



DESCRIPTION

The module inherits Socket::Class and adds SSL support implemented by the OpenSSL Toolkit. Only the differences to Socket::Class are documented here.

    Functions in alphabetical order

check_private_key, create_client_context, create_server_context, enable_compatibility, get_cipher_name, get_cipher_version, new, set_certificate, set_cipher_list, set_client_ca, set_private_key, set_ssl_method, set_verify_locations, startssl, starttls

EXAMPLES

    Simple HTTPS Server



  use Socket::Class::SSL;
 
  $s = Socket::Class::SSL->new(
      local_port => 10443,
      listen => 10,
      #private_key => cert/server.key,
      #certificate => cert/server.crt,
  ) or die Socket::Class->error;
 
  while( $c = $s->accept ) {
      # read request header
      while( $l = $c->readline ) {
          print $l, "\n";
      }
      # send response header
      $c->write(
          "HTTP/1.0 200 OK\r\n" .
          "Server: SSL Server\r\n" .
          "\r\n"
      );
      # send response content
      $c->write( "content" );
  }



    Simple HTTPS Client



  use Socket::Class::SSL;
 
  $c = Socket::Class::SSL->new(
      remote_port => 10443,
  ) or die Socket::Class->error;
 
  # send request
  $c->write(
      "GET / HTTP/1.0\r\n" .
      "Host: localhost\r\n" .
      "\r\n"
  );
 
  # read response header
  while( $l = $c->readline ) {
      print $l, "\n";
  }
 
  # read response content
  $c->read( $buf, 1048576 );
  print $buf;



METHODS

<B>new ( [%arg] )B> Additional arguments for the constructor.



  certificate    Path to certificate file in PEM format
  private_key    Path to private key file in PEM format
  client_ca      Path to PEM formatted file with CA certificates
                 to send to the client
  ca_file        A file of CA certificates in PEM format
  ca_path        A directory containing CA certificates in PEM format
  ssl_method     One of "SSLv2", "SSLv23", "SSLv3" or "TLSv1"
                 default method is SSLv23
  cipher_list    A string representing a list of availables ciphers
                 The format is described at
                 http://www.openssl.org/docs/apps/ciphers.html
 
  use_ctx        Use a shared context. The other arguments will be ignored.
                 See Socket::Class::SSL::CTX for details



More information about the arguments are documented in the functions below.

<B>See AlsoB>

Socket::Class::SSL::CTX to create a shared context

<B>starttls ( B>$sock<B> [, B>%arg<B>] )B>
<B>startssl ( B>$sock<B> [, B>%arg<B>] )B> Starts a SSL/TLS session on a connected socket. startssl() if a synonym for starttls().

<B>ParametersB>
$sock A Socket::Class object.
%arg Same arguments as described in new() plus one argument:



  server         Set this to a true value on server side



<B>Return ValuesB>

Returns a Socket::Class::SSL object on success or UNDEF on failure.

<B>ExampleB>



  $sock = Socket::Class->new(
      remote_host => localhost,
      remote_port => smtp,
      blocking => 0,
  );
  $sock->is_readable or die Socket is not readable;
  print $sock->readline, "\n";
  $sock->writeline( EHLO localhost );
  $sock->is_readable or die Socket is not readable;
  while( $line = $sock->readline ) {
      print $line, "\n";
      $starttls = 1 if index( $line, STARTTLS ) > 0;
  }
  if( $starttls ) {
      $sock->writeline( STARTTLS );
      $sock->is_readable or die Socket is not readable;
      print $sock->readline, "\n";
      $sock->set_blocking( 1 );
      # start tls
      $ssl = Socket::Class::SSL->starttls( $sock )
          or die TLS initialization failed:  . $sock->error;
      # use the ssl socket
      $sock = $ssl;
      $sock->writeline( HELO localhost );
      $sock->set_blocking( 0 );
      $sock->is_readable or die Socket is not readable;
      print $sock->readline, "\n";
  }
  ...



<B>set_certificate ( B>$certificate<B> )B> Adds a certificate chain. The certificates must be in PEM format and must be sorted starting with the subject‘s certificate (actual client or server certificate), followed by intermediate CA certificates if applicable, and ending at the highest level (root) CA.

<B>ParametersB>
$certificate Path to certificate file in PEM format.

<B>Return ValuesB>

Returns a TRUE value on success or UNDEF on failure.

<B>set_private_key ( B>$private_key<B> )B> Adds a private key to the socket. To change a certificate, private key pair the new certificate needs to be set before setting the private key.

<B>ParametersB>
$private_key Path to private key file in PEM format.

<B>Return ValuesB>

Returns a TRUE value on success or UNDEF on failure.

<B>check_private_key ()B> Verifies that the private key agrees with the corresponding public key in the certificate.

Returns a TRUE value on success or UNDEF on failure.

The most likely causes of errors:
o The private key file does not match the corresponding public key in the certificate.
o A certificate file was not loaded.
o A key file was not loaded.

<B>set_client_ca ( B>$client_ca<B> )B> Reads a file of PEM formatted certificates and sets the list of CA names sent to the client when requesting a client certificate

<B>ParametersB>
$client_ca Path to PEM formatted file with CA certificates to send to the client.

<B>Return ValuesB>

Returns a true value on success or undef on failure.

<B>NoteB>

The CAs listed do not become trusted (list only contains the names, not the complete certificates); use set_verify_locations() to additionally load them for verification.

These function is only useful for TLS/SSL servers.

<B>set_verify_locations ( B>$ca_file<B>, B>$ca_path<B> )B> Specifies the locations at which CA certificates for verification purposes are located.

When building its own certificate chain, an OpenSSL client/server will try to fill in missing certificates from $ca_file/$ca_path, if the certificate chain was not explicitly specified.

<B>ParametersB>
$ca_file If $ca_file is defined, it points to a file of CA certificates in PEM format. The file can contain several CA certificates identified by



 -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
 ... (CA certificate in base64 encoding) ...
 -----END CERTIFICATE-----



sequences. Before, between, and after the certificates text is allowed which can be used e.g. for descriptions of the certificates.

$ca_path If $ca_path is defined, it points to a directory containing CA certificates in PEM format. Each file contains one CA certificate. The files are looked up by the CA subject name hash value, which must be available. If more than one CA certificate with the same name hash value exists, the extension must be different (e.g. 9d66eef0.0, 9d66eef0.1 etc). The search is performed in the order of the extension numbers, regardless of other properties of the certificates.

When looking up CA certificates, the OpenSSL library will search the certificates in $ca_file first, then those in $ca_path. Certificate matching is done based on the subject name, the key identifier (if present), and the serial number as taken from the certificate to be verified. If these data do not match, the next certificate will be tried. The verification process will be performed on the first matching certificate. In case of failure no other certificates with the same parameters are searched.

<B>Return ValuesB>

Returns a true value on success or undef on failure.

<B>NoteB>

In server mode, when requesting a client certificate, the server must send the list of CAs to accept client certificates. This list is not influenced by the contents of $ca_file or $ca_path and must explicitly be set using the set_client_ca() function.

<B>create_client_context ()B> Creates a SSL context explicitly for use in client sockets.

The connect() function implicitly creates the client context.

<B>create_server_context ()B> Creates a SSL context explicitly for use in server sockets.

The listen() function implicitly creates the server context.

<B>enable_compatibility ()B> Enables all bug workarounds available with the OpenSSL library.

See <http://www.openssl.org/docs/ssl/SSL_CTX_set_options.html> for a list.

<B>get_cipher_name ()B> Returns the name of the cipher in the current connection, or undef if no connection exists.
<B>get_cipher_version ()B> Returns the version of the cipher in the current connection, or undef if no connection exists.
<B>set_ssl_method ( B>$name<B> )B> Sets the ssl method.

<B>ParametersB>
$name One of SSLv2, SSLv23, SSLv3 or TLSv1

<B>Return ValuesB>

Returns a true value on success or undef on failure.

<B>set_cipher_list ( B>$str<B> )B> Sets the list of available ciphers using the control string $str.

<B>ParametersB>
$str The cipher list consists of one or more cipher strings separated by colons. Commas or spaces are also acceptable separators but colons are normally used.

See <http://www.openssl.org/docs/apps/ciphers.html#CIPHER_LIST_FORMAT> for details.

<B>Return ValuesB>

Returns a true value on success or undef on failure.

XS / C API

The module provides a C interface for extension writers.

<B>Example XSB>



  #include <mod_sc_ssl.h>
 
  /* global pointer to the socket class ssl interface */
  mod_sc_ssl_t *g_mod_sc_ssl;
 
  MODULE = MyModule             PACKAGE = MyModule
 
  BOOT:
  {
      SV **psv;
      psv = hv_fetch(PL_modglobal, "Socket::Class::SSL", 18, 0);
      if (psv == NULL)
          croak("Socket::Class::SSL required");
      g_mod_sc_ssl = INT2PTR(mod_sc_ssl_t *, SvIV(*psv));
  }
 
  void
  test()
  PREINIT:
      sc_t *socket;
      char *args[8];
      int r;
      SV *sv;
  PPCODE:
      args[0] = "local_port";
      args[1] = "443";
      args[2] = "listen";
      args[3] = "10";
      args[4] = "private_key";
      args[5] = "/path/to/private_key.pem";
      args[6] = "certificate";
      args[7] = "/path/to/certificate.pem";
      r = g_mod_sc_ssl->sc_create(args, 8, &socket);
      if (r != SC_OK)
          croak(g_mod_sc_ssl->sc_get_error(NULL));
      g_mod_sc_ssl->sc_create_class(socket, NULL, &sv);
      ST(0) = sv_2mortal(sv);
      XSRETURN(1);



See mod_sc_ssl.h for the definition.

Use Socket::Class::SSL::include_path() to get the path to mod_sc_ssl.h.

SEE ALSO

The Socket::Class manpage

OpenSSL, <http://www.openssl.org/>

AUTHORS

Christian Mueller, <http://www.alien-heads.org/>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This distribution contains multiple components, some of which fall under different licenses. By using Socket::Class::SSL or any of the bundled components enumerated below, you agree to be bound by the conditions of the license foreach respective component.

    Socket::Class::SSL License

The Socket::Class::SSL module is free software. You may distribute under the terms of either the GNU General Public License or the Artistic License, as specified in the Perl README file.

    OpenSSL License



 * ====================================================================
 * Copyright (c) 1998-2008 The OpenSSL Project.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 *
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
 *    the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
 *    distribution.
 *
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this
 *    software must display the following acknowledgment:
 *    "This product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project
 *    for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit. (http://www.openssl.org/)"
 *
 * 4. The names "OpenSSL Toolkit" and "OpenSSL Project" must not be used to
 *    endorse or promote products derived from this software without
 *    prior written permission. For written permission, please contact
 *    openssl-core@openssl.org.
 *
 * 5. Products derived from this software may not be called "OpenSSL"
 *    nor may "OpenSSL" appear in their names without prior written
 *    permission of the OpenSSL Project.
 *
 * 6. Redistributions of any form whatsoever must retain the following
 *    acknowledgment:
 *    "This product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project
 *    for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit (http://www.openssl.org/)"
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE OpenSSL PROJECT ``AS IS AND ANY
 * EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
 * PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE OpenSSL PROJECT OR
 * ITS CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
 * SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
 * NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
 * LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT,
 * STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
 * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED
 * OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 * ====================================================================
 *
 * This product includes cryptographic software written by Eric Young
 * (eay@cryptsoft.com).  This product includes software written by Tim
 * Hudson (tjh@cryptsoft.com).



    Original SSLeay License



 * Copyright (C) 1995-1998 Eric Young (eay@cryptsoft.com)
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * This package is an SSL implementation written
 * by Eric Young (eay@cryptsoft.com).
 * The implementation was written so as to conform with Netscapes SSL.
 *
 * This library is free for commercial and non-commercial use as long as
 * the following conditions are aheared to.  The following conditions
 * apply to all code found in this distribution, be it the RC4, RSA,
 * lhash, DES, etc., code; not just the SSL code.  The SSL documentation
 * included with this distribution is covered by the same copyright terms
 * except that the holder is Tim Hudson (tjh@cryptsoft.com).
 *
 * Copyright remains Eric Youngs, and as such any Copyright notices in
 * the code are not to be removed.
 * If this package is used in a product, Eric Young should be given attribution
 * as the author of the parts of the library used.
 * This can be in the form of a textual message at program startup or
 * in documentation (online or textual) provided with the package.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
 *    must display the following acknowledgement:
 *    "This product includes cryptographic software written by
 *     Eric Young (eay@cryptsoft.com)"
 *    The word cryptographic can be left out if the rouines from the library
 *    being used are not cryptographic related :-).
 * 4. If you include any Windows specific code (or a derivative thereof) from
 *    the apps directory (application code) you must include an acknowledgement:
 *    "This product includes software written by Tim Hudson (tjh@cryptsoft.com)"
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY ERIC YOUNG ``AS IS AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 * The licence and distribution terms for any publically available version or
 * derivative of this code cannot be changed.  i.e. this code cannot simply be
 * copied and put under another distribution licence
 * [including the GNU Public Licence.]



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