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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  TABLE (3)

NAME

FBB::Table - Generates row- or column-wise filled tables

CONTENTS

SYNOPSIS

#include <bobcat/table>
Linking option: -lbobcat

DESCRIPTION

FBB::Table objects can be used to create tables. The tables are filled either column-wise or row-wise. Many of the table\(cqs characteristics may be fine-tuned using a separate FBB::TableSupport object, described in a separate man-page (TableSupport(3bobcat)). When no FBB::TableSupport object is used, a plain row-wise or column-wise table is constructed which can be inserted into a std::ostream.

Tables defined by Table consist of a (number of element dependent) number of rows and a fixed number of columns, the latter value is specified at construction time. Columns and rows are normally addressed using index values (starting at 0). Before the leftmost column, between the columns and beyond the last column separators are defined. By default the separators are empty, but each separator may be given a (fixed) width or content. The separator before column col is addressed as separator col, the rightmost separator is addressed as separator nColummns.

Likewise, rows can be separated from each other using separators. These separating rows are also empty by default. The row-separator before row row is addressed as row-separator row. The row-separator following the final row is addressed as row-separator nRows, where nRows is the value returned by the nRows member function.

Non-default (i.e., non-empty) separators are defined using FBB::TableSupport objects (cf. tablesupport(3bobcat)).

Table objects look a lot like ostream objects, but they also adopt a fairly rigid way to define new elements: each new insertion defines another table element, and it is difficult to end a row before it has received its nColumn number of elements. Table\(cqs sister-class, TableBuf, is a std::streambuf type of class, offering additional control through the use of a wrapping ostream class object.

NAMESPACE

FBB
All constructors, members, operators and manipulators, mentioned in this man-page, are defined in the namespace FBB.

INHERITS FROM

std::ostringstream - Table inherits from std::ostringstream, allowing insertions into a Table object. Each separate insertion adds another element to the Table object.

FBB::TableBase - This class implements common elements of the table implementation (the FBB::TableBuf class is also derived from TableBase. The TableBase class is not intended to be used otherwise, and no separate man-page is provided. All facilities provided by Table inherited from TableBase are described in this man-page.

ENUMERATIONS

The following enumerations are defined by the class FBB::Table: enum FillDirection
This enumeration defines two values:
o ROWWISE:
When this value is specified at construction time, elements are added row-wise to the table. I.e., the second element inserted into the Table will be found in the second column of the first row.
o COLUMNWISE:
When this value is specified at construction time, elements are added column-wise to the table. I.e., the second element will be found in the second row of the first column.

enum WidthType
This enumeration defines two values:
o COLUMNWIDTH:
This value may be specified when the columns should be allowed variable widths. In this case each column will be as wide as its widest element. This is the default WidthType used by Table objects.
o EQUALWIDTH:
This value may be specified when all the table\(cqs columns should have equal width (i.e., equal to the width of the widest table element),

CONSTRUCTORS

o Table(size_t nColumns, Table::FillDirection direction, Table::WidthType widthType = Table::COLUMNWIDTH):
The table\(cqs number of columns, the fill directions and the column width-type must be provided. The number of rows is implied by the combination of this parameter and the number of elements that is actually inserted into the Table object. The direction parameter specifies the way new elements are added to the Table object: row-wise or column-wise. Finally, the widthType parameter is used to specify the way the width of the table\(cqs columns is determined. Each column either defines its own width or all columns have equal widths.
o Table(TableSupport &tableSupport, size_t nColumns, Table::FillDirection direction, Table::WidthType widthType = Table::COLUMNWIDTH):
This constructor operates identically to the previous constructor, but expects an additional reference to a TableSupport object. A TableSupport object offers additional formatting features used by the table defining elements like horizontal lines between rows, additional separators, etc, etc. The TableSupport object is passed as a non-const reference as the Table object must be able to manipulate its data. See tablesuppport(3bobcat) for more information about TableSupport. The copy constructor is not available.

OVERLOADED OPERATORS

o std::ostream &operator<<(std::ostream &str, Table &table):
This operator inserts a Table into a std::ostream object. This operator requires a non-const table as it may have to complete the table by adding empty elements (i.e., empty strings) to obtain a completely filled rectangular table.
o Table &operator<<(Table &obj, Align const &align):
This operator is used to change the default alignment of either a column or an element. It is a wrapper around the member setAlign() (see below for its description). By default, all elements are right-aligned. See align(3bobcat) for more information about the Align class.
o Table &operator<<(Table &obj, Type const &x):
This overloaded operator is defined as a function template: Type is a template type parameter instantiated to a type for which std::ostringstream insertions are possible. It inserts the value/object x into the Table\(cqs std::ostringstream base class object as the next element of the table. The overloaded assignment operator is not available.

MEMBER FUNCTIONS

o Table &append(std::string const &text char const *sep = \(dq \t\(dq, bool addEmpty = false):
Fields in text separated by one of the characters in sep are added as additional elements to the Table object. Empty fields are ignored unless the parameter addEmpty is initialized to true.
o void clear():
The contents of the table are erased. All existing elements are removed, and the table will be empty.
o void clearStr():
The contents of its std::ostringstream base class buffer are erased.
o void fill(InputIterator begin, InputIterator end):
This member is defined as a member template; InputIterator is a template type parameter representing any input iterator. It can also be, e.g., a pointer to an insertable type. The iterators must point to data elements which can be inserted into an std::ostream. The range of values implied by the member\(cqs iterator pair are inserted into the table as new elements.
o void push_back(std::string const &element):
New elements can be added to the table using push_back. It is, e.g., called from a back_inserter adaptor.
o size_t nRows():
The currently available number of rows in the table is returned. Its value is only defined after calling def().
o Table &setAlign(Align const &align):
The alignment type of either a column or an element of the Table object is defined using setAlign. The standard alignments std::left, std::right and std::internal may be specified, but in addition the alignment FBB::center may be used if elements should be centered into their column. A construction like
tab << Align(2, FBB::center)

requests centering of all elements in the table\(cqs column having index value 2 (i.e., the table\(cqs 3rd column), whereas a construction like
tab << Align(2, 3, FBB::center)

requests centering of element [2][3]. It is the responsibility of the programmer to ensure that such elements exist. By default, all elements are right-aligned.
o Table &def():
After inserting elements into a Table object its number of elements may or may not be an integral multiple of the number of columns specified at construction time. To ‘complete\(cq a Table object to a rectangular object, for which all column widths and alignments have been determined def may be called. It is automatically called by operator<<(ostream, Table). In other situations it may be called explicitly to force the insertion of another row in a table using ROWWISE insertions. With COLUMNWISE insertions its working is complex, since new elements added to a COLUMNWISE filled table will reshuffle its elements over the table\(cqs columns. )

MANPULATORS

o Table &def(Table &table):
This manipulator can be inserted into a table to call the table\(cqs def() member.

EXAMPLE

#include <iostream>

#include <bobcat/table> #include <bobcat/tablelines>

using namespace std; using namespace FBB;

int main(int argc, char **argv) { TableLines tablelines; // width/separators of cols 0, 1 and 2 tablelines << 0 << \(dq | \(dq << \(dq | \(dq;

// hline over cols 1 and 2 of row 1 tablelines << TableLines::HLine(1, 1, 3);

Table tab(tablelines, 3, Table::ROWWISE, Table::EQUALWIDTH); // or: Table tab(tablelines, 3, Table::ROWWISE);

tab << Align(0, std::left); // set column non-default alignment tab.fill(argv + 1, argv + argc);// fill range of values cout << tab << \(cq\n\(cq; // complete the table and insert

tab << \(dqhello\(dq << \(dq\(dq << \(dqwo\(dq; // add additional elements. if (tab.nRows() > 2) tab << Align(2, 2, center); // set the layout of a specific element

cout << tab << \(cq\n\(cq; }

FILES

bobcat/table - defines the class interface;

SEE ALSO

bobcat(7), align(3bobcat), manipulator(3bobcat), tablebuf(3bobcat), tablelines(3bobcat), tablesupport(3bobcat)

BUGS

Note that def() will reshuffle elements over the table\(cqs columns when new elements are added to the table subsequent to calling def()

DISTRIBUTION FILES

o bobcat_3.25.01-x.dsc: detached signature;
o bobcat_3.25.01-x.tar.gz: source archive;
o bobcat_3.25.01-x_i386.changes: change log;
o libbobcat1_3.25.01-x_*.deb: debian package holding the libraries;
o libbobcat1-dev_3.25.01-x_*.deb: debian package holding the libraries, headers and manual pages;
o http://sourceforge.net/projects/bobcat: public archive location;

BOBCAT

Bobcat is an acronym of ‘Brokken\(cqs Own Base Classes And Templates\(cq.

COPYRIGHT

This is free software, distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL).

AUTHOR

Frank B. Brokken (f.b.brokken@rug.nl).

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libbobcat-dev_3&.25&.01-x&.tar&.gz FBB::TABLE (3bobcat) 2005-2015

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