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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  TEXT::AFFIXES (3)

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NAME

Text::Affixes - Prefixes and suffixes analysis of text

CONTENTS

SYNOPSIS



  use Text::Affixes;
  my $text = "Hello, world. Hello, big world.";
  my $prefixes = get_prefixes($text);

  # $prefixes now holds
  # {
  #     3 => {
  #             Hel => 2,
  #             wor => 2,
  #     }
  # }

  # or

  $prefixes = get_prefixes({min => 1, max => 2},$text);

  # $prefixes now holds
  # {
  #     1 => {
  #             H => 2,
  #             w => 2,
  #             b => 1,
  #     },
  #     2 => {
  #             He => 2,
  #             wo => 2,
  #             bi => 1,
  #     }
  # }

  # the use for get_suffixes is similar



DESCRIPTION

Provides methods for prefix and suffix analysis of text.

METHODS

    get_prefixes

Extracts prefixes from text. You can specify the minimum and maximum number of characters of prefixes you want.

Returns a reference to a hash, where the specified limits are mapped in hashes; each of those hashes maps every prefix in the text into the number of times it was found.

By default, both minimum and maximum limits are 3. If the minimum limit is greater than the lower one, an empty hash is returned.

A prefix is considered to be a sequence of word characters (\w) in the beginning of a word (that is, after a word boundary) that does not reach the end of the word (regular expressionly, a prefix is the $1 of /\b(\w+)\w/).



  # extracting prefixes of size 3
  $prefixes = get_prefixes( $text );

  # extracting prefixes of sizes 2 and 3
  $prefixes = get_prefixes( {min => 2}, $text );

  # extracting prefixes of sizes 3 and 4
  $prefixes = get_prefixes( {max => 4}, $text );

  # extracting prefixes of sizes 2, 3 and 4
  $prefixes = get_prefixes( {min => 2, max=> 4}, $text);



    get_suffixes

The get_suffixes function is similar to the get_prefixes one. You should read the documentation for that one and than come back to this point.

A suffix is considered to be a sequence of word characters (\w) in the end of a word (that is, before a word boundary) that does not start at the beginning of the word (regular expressionly speaking, a suffix is the $1 of /\w(\w+)\b/).



  # extracting suffixes of size 3
  $suffixes = get_suffixes( $text );

  # extracting suffixes of sizes 2 and 3
  $suffixes = get_suffixes( {min => 2}, $text );

  # extracting suffixes of sizes 3 and 4
  $suffixes = get_suffixes( {max => 4}, $text );

  # extracting suffixes of sizes 2, 3 and 4
  $suffixes = get_suffixes( {min => 2, max=> 4}, $text);



OPTIONS

Apart from deciding on a minimum and maximum size for prefixes or suffixes, you can also decide on some configuration options.

    exclude_numbers

Set to 0 if you consider numbers as part of words. Default value is 1.



  # this
  get_suffixes( {min => 1, max => 1, exclude_numbers => 0}, "Hello, but w8" );

  # returns this:
    {
      1 => {
             o => 1,
             t => 1,
             8 => 1
           }
    }



    lowercase

Set to 1 to extract all prefixes in lowercase mode. Default value is 0.

ATTENTION: This does not mean that prefixes with uppercased characters won’t be extracted. It means they will be extracted after being lowercased.



  # this...
  get_prefixes( {min => 2, max => 2, lowercase => 1}, "Hello, hello");

  # returns this:
    {
      2 => {
             he => 2
           }
    }



TO DO

o Make it more efficient (use C for that)

AUTHOR

Jose Castro, <cog@cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

Copyright 2004 Jose Castro, All Rights Reserved.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

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perl v5.20.3 TEXT::AFFIXES (3) 2016-03-17

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