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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  THREAD::QUEUE::DUPLEX (3)

.ds Aq ’

NAME

Thread::Queue::Duplex - thread-safe request/response queue with identifiable elements

CONTENTS

SYNOPSIS



        use Thread::Queue::Duplex;
        #
        #       create new queue, and require that there be
        #       registered listeners for an enqueue operation
        #       to succeed, and limit the max pending requests
        #       to 20
        #
        my $q = Thread::Queue::Duplex->new(ListenerRequired => 1, MaxPending => 20);
        #
        #       register as a listener
        #
        $q->listen();
        #
        #       unregister as a listener
        #
        $q->ignore();
        #
        #       wait for a listener to register
        #
        $q->wait_for_listener($timeout);
        #
        #       change the max pending limit
        #
        $q->set_max_pending($limit);
        #
        #       enqueue elements, returning a unique queue ID
        #       (used in the client)
        #
        my $id = $q->enqueue("foo", "bar");
        #
        #       enqueue elements, and wait for a response
        #       (used in the client)
        #
        my $resp = $q->enqueue_and_wait("foo", "bar");
        #
        #       enqueue elements, and wait for a response
        #       until $timeout secs (used in the client)
        #
        my $resp = $q->enqueue_and_wait_until($timeout, "foo", "bar");
        #
        #       enqueue elements at head of queue, returning a
        #       unique queue ID (used in the client)
        #
        my $id = $q->enqueue_urgent("foo", "bar");
        #
        #       enqueue elements at head of queue and wait for response
        #
        my $resp = $q->enqueue_urgent_and_wait("foo", "bar");
        #
        #       enqueue elements at head of queue and wait for
        #       response until $timeout secs
        #
        my $resp = $q->enqueue_urgent_and_wait_until($timeout, "foo", "bar");
        #
        #       enqueue elements for simplex operation (no response)
        #       returning the queue object
        #
        $q->enqueue_simplex("foo", "bar");

        $q->enqueue_simplex_urgent("foo", "bar");
        #
        #       dequeue next available element (used in the server),
        #       waiting indefinitely for an element to be made available
        #       returns shared arrayref, first element is unique ID,
        #       which may be undef for simplex requests
        #
        my $foo = $q->dequeue;
        #
        #       dequeue next available element (used in the server),
        #       returns undef if no element immediately available
        #       otherwise, returns shared arrayref, first element is unique ID,
        #       which may be undef for simplex requests
        #
        my $foo = $q->dequeue_nb;
        #
        #       dequeue next available element (used in the server),
        #       returned undef if no element available within $timeout
        #       seconds; otherwise, returns shared arrayref, first
        #       element is unique ID, which may be undef for simplex requests
        #
        my $foo = $q->dequeue_until($timeout);
        #
        #       dequeue next available element (used in the server),
        #       but only if marked urgent; otherwise, returns undef
        #
        my $foo = $q->dequeue_urgent();
        #
        #       returns number of items still in queue
        #
        my $left = $q->pending;
        #
        #       maps a response for the
        #       queued element identified by $id;
        #
        $q->respond($id, @list);
        #
        #       tests for a response to the queued
        #       element identified by $id; returns undef if
        #       not yet available, else returns the queue object
        #
        my $result = $q->ready($id);
        #
        #       returns list of available response IDs;
        #       if list provided, only returns IDs from the list.
        #       Returns undef if none available.
        #       In scalar context, returns only first available;
        #       Else a list of available IDs
        #
        my @ids = $q->available();
        #
        #       wait for and return the response for the
        #       specified unique identifier
        #       (dequeue_response is alias)
        #
        my $result = $q->wait($id);
        my $result = $q->dequeue_response($id);
        #
        #       waits up to $timeout seconds for a response to
        #       the queued element identified by $id; returns undef if
        #       not available within $timeout, else returns the queue object
        #
        my $result = $q->wait_until($id, $timeout);
        #
        #       wait for a response to the queued
        #       elements listed in @ids, returning a hashref of
        #       the first available response(s), keyed by id
        #
        my $result = $q->wait_any(@ids);
        #
        #       wait upto $timeout seconds for a response to
        #       the queued elements listed in @ids, returning
        #       a hashref of the first available response(s), keyed by id
        #       Returns undef if none available in $timeout seconds
        #
        my $result = $q->wait_any_until($timeout, @ids);
        #
        #       wait for responses to all the queued
        #       elements listed in @ids, returning a hashref of
        #       the response(s), keyed by id
        #
        my $result = $q->wait_all(@ids);
        #
        #       wait upto $timeout seconds for responses to
        #       all the queued elements listed in @ids, returning
        #       a hashref of the response(s), keyed by id
        #       Returns undef if all responses not recvd
        #       in $timeout seconds
        #
        my $result = $q->wait_all_until($timeout, @ids);
        #
        #       mark an existing request
        #
        $q->mark($id, CANCEL);
        #
        #       test if a request is marked
        #
        print "Marked for cancel!"
                if $q->marked($id, CANCEL);
        #
        #       cancel specific operations
        #
        my $result = $q->cancel(@ids);
        #
        #       cancel all operations
        #
        my $result = $q->cancel_all();
        #
        #       test if specified request has been cancelled
        #
        my $result = $q->cancelled($id);
        #
        #       (class-level method) wait for an event on
        #       any of the listed queue objects. Returns a
        #       list of queues which have events pending
        #
        my $result = Thread::Queue::Duplex->wait_any(
                [ $q1 ], [ $q2, @ids ]);
        #
        #       (class-level method) wait upto $timeout seconds
        #       for an event on any of the listed queue objects.
        #       Returns undef if none available in $timeout seconds,
        #       otherwise, returns a list of queues with events pending
        #
        my $result = Thread::Queue::Duplex->wait_any_until(
                $timeout, [ $q1 ], [ $q2, @ids ]);
        #
        #       (class-level method) wait for events on all the listed
        #       queue objects. Returns the list of queue objects.
        #
        my $result = Thread::Queue::Duplex->wait_all(
                [ $q1 ], [ $q2, @ids ]);
        #
        #       (class-level method) wait upto $timeout seconds for
        #       events on all the listed queue objects.
        #       Returns empty list if all listed queues do not have
        #       an event in $timeout seconds, otherwise returns
        #       the list of queues
        #
        my $result = Thread::Queue::Duplex->wait_all_until(
                $timeout, [ $q1 ], [ $q2, @ids ]);



DESCRIPTION

A mapped queue, similar to Thread::Queue, except that as elements are queued, they are assigned unique identifiers, which are used to identify responses returned from the dequeueing thread. This class provides a simple RPC-like mechanism between multiple client and server threads, so that a single server thread can safely multiplex requests from multiple client threads. <B>NoteB> that simplex versions of the enqueue methods are provided which do not assign unique identifiers, and are used for requests to which no response is required/expected.

In addition, elements are inspected as they are enqueued/dequeued to determine if they are Thread::Queue::Queueable (aka TQQ) objects, and, if so, the onEnqueue() or onDequeue() methods are called to permit any additional class-specific marshalling/unmarshalling to be performed. Thread::Queue::Duplex (aka TQD) is itself a Thread::Queue::Queueable object, thus permitting TQD objects to be passed between threads.

<B>NOTE:B> Thread::Queue::Duplex does <B>notB> perform any default marshalling of complex structures; it is the responsibility of the application to either
o use threads::shared objects for all queued structures
o implement its own application specific marshalling via, e.g., Storable
o implement a Thread::Queue::Queueable wrapper class for the structure
Various wait() methods are provided to permit waiting on individual responses, any or all of a list of responses, and time-limited waits for each. Additionally, class-level versions of the wait() methods are provided to permit a thread to simultaneously wait for either enqueue or response events on any of a number of queues, or on objects implementing Thread::Queue::TQDContainer.

A mark() method is provided to permit out-of-band information to be applied to pending requests. A responder may test for marks via the marked() method prior to respond()ing to a request. An application may specify a mark value, which the responder can test for; if no explicit mark value is given, the value 1 is used.

cancel() and cancel_all() methods are provided to explicitly cancel one or more requests, and invoke the onCancel() method of any Thread::Queue::Queueable objects in the request. Cancelling will result in one of
o marking the request as cancelled if it has not yet been dequeued (note that it cannot be spliced from the queue due threads::shared’s lack of support for array splicing)
o removal and discarding of the response from the response map if the request has already been processed
o if the request is in progress, the responder will detect the cancellation when it attempts to respond(), and the response will be discarded
listen() and ignore() methods are provided so that server-side threads can register/unregister as listeners on the queue; the constructor accepts a ListenerRequired attribute argument. If set, then any enqueue() operation will fail and return undef if there are no registered listeners. This feature provides some safeguard against stuck requestor threads when the responder(s) have shutdown for some reason. In addition, a wait_for_listener() method is provided to permit an initiating thread to wait until another thread registers as a listener.

The constructor also accepts a MaxPending attribute that specifies the maximum number of requests that may be pending in the queue before the operation will block. Note that responses are not counted in this limit.

Thread::Queue::Duplex objects encapsulate
o a shared array, used as the queue (same as Thread::Queue)
o a shared scalar, used to provide unique identifier sequence numbers
o a shared hash, aka the mapping hash, used to return responses to enqueued elements, using the generated uniqiue identifier as the hash key
o a listener count, incremented each time listen() is called, decremented each time ignore() is called, and, if the listener required flag has been set on construction, tested for each enqueue() call.
A normal processing sequence for Thread::Queue::Duplex might be:



        #
        #       Thread A (the client):
        #
                ...marshal parameters for a coroutine...
                my $id = $q->enqueue(function_name, \@paramlist);
                my $results = $q->dequeue_response($id);
                ...process $results...
        #
        #       Thread B (the server):
        #
                while (1) {
                        my $call = $q->dequeue;
                        my ($id, $func, @params) = @$call;
                        $q->respond($id, $self->$func(@params));
                }



METHODS

Refer to the classdocs for summary and detailed method descriptions.

SEE ALSO

Thread::Queue::Queueable, Thread::Queue::TQDContainer, threads, threads::shared, Thread::Queue, Thread::Queue::Multiplex, Thread::Apartment

AUTHOR, COPYRIGHT, & LICENSE

Dean Arnold, Presicient Corp. darnold@presicient.com

Copyright(C) 2005,2006, Presicient Corp., USA

Licensed under the Academic Free License version 2.1, as specified in the License.txt file included in this software package, or at OpenSource.org <http://www.opensource.org/licenses/afl-2.1.php>.

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perl v5.20.3 THREAD::QUEUE::DUPLEX (3) 2006-03-18

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