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Man Pages

Manual Reference Pages  -  TK::FILEDIALOG (3)

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Tk::FileDialog - A highly configurable File Dialog widget for Perl/Tk.



The widget is composed of a number of sub-widgets, namely, a listbox for files and (optionally) directories, an entry for filename, an (optional) entry for pathname, an entry for a filter pattern, a ’ShowAll’ checkbox (for enabling display of .* files and directories), and three buttons, namely OK, Rescan, and Cancel. Note that the labels for all subwidgets (including the text for the buttons and Checkbox) are configurable for foreign language support. The Listboxes will respond to characters typed over them with scrolling to the first line that starts with the given character (or next etc. if this character is not present).


    Usage Description

To use FileDialog, simply create your FileDialog objects during initialization (or at least before a Show). When you wish to display the FileDialog, invoke the ’Show’ method on the FileDialog object; The method will return either a file name, a path name, or undef. undef is returned only if the user pressed the Cancel button.

    Example Code

The following code creates a FileDialog and calls it. Note that perl5.002gamma is required.

 #!/usr/local/bin/perl -w

 use Tk;
 use Tk::FileDialog;
 use strict;

 my($main) = MainWindow->new;
 my($Horiz) = 1;

 my($LoadDialog) = $main->FileDialog(-Title =>This is my title,
                                    -Create => 0);

 print "Using FileDialog Version ",$LoadDialog->Version,"\n";

 $LoadDialog->configure(-FPat => *pl,
                       -ShowAll => NO);

 $main->Entry(-textvariable => \$fname)
        ->pack(-expand => 1,
               -fill => x);

 $main->Button(-text => Kick me!,
              -command => sub {
                  $fname = $LoadDialog->Show(-Horiz => $Horiz);
                  if (!defined($fname)) {
                      $fname = "Fine,Cancel, but no Chdir anymore!!!";
                      $LoadDialog->configure(-Chdir =>NO);
        ->pack(-expand => 1,
               -fill => x);

 $main->Checkbutton(-text => Horizontal,
                   -variable => \$Horiz)
        ->pack(-expand => 1,
               -fill => x);

 $main->Button(-text => Exit,
              -command => sub {
        ->pack(-expand => 1,
               -fill => x);


 print "Exit Stage right!\n";



o The following non-standard methods may be used with a FileDialog object


Displays the file dialog box for the user to operate. Additional configuration items may be passed in at Show-time In other words, this code snippet:

  $fd->Show(-Title => Ooooh, Preeeeeety!);

is the same as this code snippet:

  $fd->configure(-Title => Ooooh, Preeeeeety!);



Returns the current Version of FileDialog


Any of the following configuration items may be set via the configure (or Show) method, or retrieved via the cget method.


Flags may be configured with either 1,’true’, or ’yes’ for 1, or 0, ’false’, or ’no’ for 0. Any portion of ’true’, ’yes’, ’false’, or ’no’ may be used, and case does not matter.


o Enable the user to change directories. The default is 1. If disabled, the directory list box will not be shown.


o Enable the user to specify a file that does not exist. If not enabled, and the user specifies a non-existent file, a dialog box will be shown informing the user of the error (This Dialog Box is configurable via the EDlg* switches, below).

default: 1


o Determines whether hidden files (.*) are displayed in the File and Directory Listboxes. The default is 0. The Show All Checkbox reflects the setting of this switch.


o Disables the ability of the user to change the status of the ShowAll flag. The default is 0 (the user is by default allowed to change the status).


o Enables the File Dialog to do an application Grab when displayed. The default is 1.


o True sets the File List box to be to the right of the Directory List Box. If 0, the File List box will be below the Directory List box. The default is 1.


o If True, enables selection of a directory rather than a file, and disables the actions of the File List Box. The default is 0.




o Sets the default file selection pattern. The default is ’*’. Only files matching this pattern will be displayed in the File List Box.


o Sets the geometry of the File Dialog. Setting the size is a dangerous thing to do. If not configured, or set to ’’, the File Dialog will be centered.


o SelHook is configured with a reference to a routine that will be called when a file is chosen. The file is called with a sole parameter of the full path and file name of the file chosen. If the Create flag is disabled (and the user is not allowed to specify new files), the file will be known to exist at the time that SelHook is called. Note that SelHook will also be called with directories if the SelDir Flag is enabled, and that the FileDialog box will still be displayed. The FileDialog box should <B>notB> be destroyed from within the SelHook routine, although it may generally be configured.

SelHook routines return 0 to reject the selection and allow the user to reselect, and any other value to accept the selection. If a SelHook routine returns non-zero, the FileDialog will immediately be withdrawn, and the file will be returned to the caller.

There may be only one SelHook routine active at any time. Configuring the SelHook routine replaces any existing SelHook routine. Configuring the SelHook routine with 0 removes the SelHook routine. The default SelHook routine is undef.


The following two switches may be used to set default variables, and to get final values after the Show method has returned (but has not been explicitly destroyed by the caller)
o <B>-FileB> The file selected, or the default file. The default is ’’.

<B>-PathB> The path of the selected file, or the initial path. The default is $ENV{’HOME’}.

Labels and Captions

For support of internationalization, the text on any of the subwidgets may be changed.
o <B>-TitleB> The Title of the dialog box. The default is ’Select File:’.

<B>-DirLBCaptionB> The Caption above the Directory List Box. The default is ’Directories’.

<B>-FileLBCaptionB> The Caption above the File List Box. The default is ’Files’.

<B>-FileEntryLabelB> The label to the left of the File Entry. The Default is ’Filename:’.

<B>-PathEntryLabelB> The label to the left of the Path Entry. The default is ’Pathname:’.

<B>-FltEntryLabelB> The label to the left of the Filter entry. The default is ’Filter:’.

<B>-ShowAllLabelB> The text of the Show All Checkbutton. The default is ’Show All’.

Button Text

For support of internationalization, the text on the three buttons may be changed.
o <B>-OKButtonLabelB> The text for the OK button. The default is ’OK’.

<B>-RescanButtonLabelB> The text for the Rescan button. The default is ’Rescan’.

<B>-CancelButtonLabelB> The text for the Cancel button. The default is ’Cancel’.

Error Dialog Switches

If the Create switch is set to 0, and the user specifies a file that does not exist, a dialog box will be displayed informing the user of the error. These switches allow some configuration of that dialog box.


o The title of the Error Dialog Box. The default is ’File does not exist!’.


o The message of the Error Dialog Box. The variables $path, $file, and $filename (the full path and filename of the selected file) are available. The default is You must specify an existing file.\n(\$filename not found)


<B>Brent B. Powers, Merrill Lynch (B2Pi)B>

This code may be distributed under the same conditions as Perl itself.


Hey! <B>The above document had some coding errors, which are explained below:B>
Around line 63: You forgot a ’=back’ before ’=head2’
Around line 133: =back without =over
Around line 145: You forgot a ’=back’ before ’=head2’
Around line 162: ’=item’ outside of any ’=over’
Around line 164: You forgot a ’=back’ before ’=head2’
Around line 168: =back without =over
Around line 185: You forgot a ’=back’ before ’=head2’
Around line 264: =back without =over
Around line 272: You forgot a ’=back’ before ’=head2’
Around line 319: =back without =over
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perl v5.20.3 FILEDIALOG (3) 1996-06-09

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