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Manual Reference Pages  -  TK::MENU::ITEM (3)

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Tk::Menu::Item - Base class for Menu items



   require Tk::Menu::Item;

   my $but = $menu->Button(...);
   my $what = $but->cget();

   package Whatever;
   require Tk::Menu::Item;
   @ISA = qw(Tk::Menu::Item);

   sub PreInit
    my ($class,$menu,$info) = @_;
    $info->{-xxxxx} = ...
    my $y = delete $info->{-yyyy};


Tk::Menu::Item is the base class from which Tk::Menu::Button, Tk::Menu::Cascade, Tk::Menu::Radiobutton and Tk::Menu::Checkbutton are derived. There is also a Tk::Menu::Separator.

Constructors are declared so that $menu->Button(...) etc. do what you would expect.

The -label option is pre-processed allowing ~ to be prefixed to the character to derive a -underline value. Thus

    $menu->Button(-label => Goto ~Home,...)

    is equivalent to

    $menu->Button(-label => Goto Home, -underline => 6, ...)

The Cascade menu item creates a sub-menu and accepts these options:
<B>-menuitemsB> A list of items for the sub-menu. Within this list (which is also accepted by Menu and Menubutton) the first two elements of each item should be the constructor name and the label:

    -menuitems => [
                   [Button      => ~Quit, -command => [destroy => $mw]],
                   [Checkbutton => ~Oil,  -variable => \$oil],

<B>-postcommandB> A callback to be invoked before posting the menu.
<B>-tearoffB> Specifies whether sub-menu can be torn-off or not.
<B>-menuvarB> Scalar reference that will be set to the newly-created sub-menu.
The returned object is currently a blessed reference to an array of two items: the containing Menu and the ’label’. Methods configure and cget are mapped onto underlying entryconfigure and entrycget.

The main purpose of the OO interface is to allow derived item classes to be defined which pre-set the options used to create a more basic item.


This OO interface is very new. Using the label as the key is a problem for separaror items which don’t have one. The alternative would be to use an index into the menu but that is a problem if items are deleted (or inserted other than at the end).

There should probably be a PostInit entry point too, or a more widget like defered ’configure’.

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perl v5.20.3 MENU::ITEM (3) 2013-11-15

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