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Manual Reference Pages  -  URI::ESCAPE::XS (3)

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NAME

URI::Escape::XS - Drop-In replacement for URI::Escape

CONTENTS

VERSION

$Id: XS.pm,v 0.13 2015/06/27 00:28:14 dankogai Exp $

SYNOPSIS



  # use it instead of URI::Escape
  use URI::Escape::XS qw/uri_escape uri_unescape/;
  $safe = uri_escape("10% is enough\n");
  $verysafe = uri_escape("foo", "\0-\377");
  $str  = uri_unescape($safe);

  # or use encodeURIComponent and decodeURIComponent
  use URI::Escape::XS;
  $safe = encodeURIComponent("10% is enough\n");
  $str  = decodeURIComponent("10%25%20is%20enough%0A");

  # if you have CNet::IDN::Encode installed
  $safe = encodeURIComponentIDN("http://XXXXXX.jp/dan/");
  $str  = decodeURIComponentIDN("http:%2F%2Fxn--eckwd4c7cu47r2wf.jp%2Fdan%2F");



EXPORT

    by default

encodeURIComponent and decodeURIComponent

encodeURIComponentIDN and decodeURIComponentIDN if either Net::LibIDN or Net::IDN::Encode is available

    on demand

uri_escape and uri_unescape

FUNCTIONS

    encodeURIComponent

Does what JavaScript’s encodeURIComponent does.



  $uri = encodeURIComponent("http://www.example.com/");
  # http%3A%2F%2Fwww.example.com%2F



Note you cannot customize characters to escape. If you need to do so, use uri_escape.

    decodeURIComponent

Does what JavaScript’s decodeURIComponent does.



  $str = decodeURIComponent("http%3A%2F%2Fwww.example.com%2F");
  # http://www.example.com/



It decode not only %HH sequences but also %uHHHH sequences, with surrogate pairs correctly decoded.



  $str = decodeURIComponent("%uD869%uDEB2%u5F3E%u0061");
  # \x{2A6B2}\x{5F3E}a



This function UNCONDITIONALLY returns the decoded string with utf8 flag off. To get utf8-decoded string, use Encode and



  decode_utf8(decodeURIComponent($uri));



This is the correct behavior because you cannot tell if the decoded string actually contains UTF-8 decoded string, like ISO-8859-1 and Shift_JIS.

    encodeURIComponentIDN

Same as encodeURIComponent except that the host part is encoded in punycode. Either Net::LibIDN or Net::IDN::Encode is required to use this function.

URIs with Internationalizing Domain Names require two encodings: Punycode for host part and URI escape for the rest.

Currently only FULL URIs with http: or https: are supported.

    decodeURIComponentIDN

Same as decodeURIComponent except that the host part is encoded in punycode. Either Net::LibIDN or Net::IDN::Encode is required to use this function.

    uri_escape

Does exactly the same as URI::Escape::uri_escape() <B>exceptB> when utf8-flagged string is fed.

URI::Escape::uri_escape() croak and urge you to uri_escape_utf8() but it is pointless because URI itself has no such things as utf8 flag. The function in this module ALWAYS TREATS the string as byte sequence. That way you can safely use this function without worrying about utf8 flags.

Note this function is NOT EXPORTED by default. That way you can use URI::Escape and URI::Escape::XS simultaneously.

    uri_unescape

Does exactly the same as URI::Escape::uri_escape() <B>exceptB> when %uHHHH is fed.

URI::Escape::uri_unescape() simply ignores %uHHHH sequences while the function in this module does decode it into the corresponding UTF-8 <B>byte sequenceB>.

Like uri_escape, this function is NOT EXPORTED by default.

Note on the CW%uHHHH sequence

With this module the resulting strings never have the utf8 flag on. So if you want to decode it to perl utf8, You have to explicitly decode via Encode. Remember. URIs have always been a byte sequence, not UTF-8 characters.

If the %uHHHH sequence became standard, you could have safely told if a given URI is in Unicode. But more fortunately than unfortunately, the RFC proposal was rejected so you cannot tell which encoding is used just by looking at the URI.

<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Percent-encoding#Non-standard_implementations>

I said fortunately because %uHHHH can be nasty for non-BMP characters. Since each %uHHHH can hold one 16-bit value, you need a surrogate pair to represent it if it is U+10000 and above.

In spite of that, there are a significant number of URIs with %uHHHH escapes. Therefore this module supports decoding only.

SPEED

Since this module uses XS, it is really fast except for uri_escape(noop).

Regexp which is used in URI::Escape is really fast for non-matching but slows down significantly when it has to replace string.

    BENCHMARK

On Macbook Pro 2GHz, Perl 5.8.8.



 http://www.google.co.jp/search?q=%E5%B0%8F%E9%A3%BC%E5%BC%BE
 ============================================================
 Unescape it
 -----------
 U::E      58526/s       --     -88%
 U::E::XS 486968/s     732%       --
 --------------
 Escape it back
 --------------
 U::E      30046/s       --     -78%
 U::E::XS 136992/s     356%       --

 www.example.com
 ===============
 Unescape it
 -----------
               Rate     U::E U::E::XS
  U::E     821972/s       --      -4%
  U::E::XS 854732/s       4%       --
 --------------
 Escape it back
 -------------
 U::E::XS 522969/s       --      -7%
 U::E     565112/s       8%       --



AUTHOR

Dan Kogai, <dankogai+cpan at gmail.com>

BUGS

Please report any bugs or feature requests to bug-uri-escape-xs at rt.cpan.org, or through the web interface at <http://rt.cpan.org/NoAuth/ReportBug.html?Queue=URI-Escape-XS>. I will be notified, and then you’ll automatically be notified of progress on your bug as I make changes.

SUPPORT

You can find documentation for this module with the perldoc command.



    perldoc URI::Escape::XS



You can also look for information at:
o AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation

<http://annocpan.org/dist/URI-Escape-XS>

o CPAN Ratings

<http://cpanratings.perl.org/d/URI-Escape-XS>

o RT: CPAN’s request tracker

<http://rt.cpan.org/NoAuth/Bugs.html?Dist=URI-Escape-XS>

o Search CPAN

<http://search.cpan.org/dist/URI-Escape-XS>

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Gisle Aas for URI::Escape

Koichi Taniguchi for URI::Escape::JavaScript

Thomas Jacob for Net::LibIDN

Claus Faerber for Net::IDN::Encode

COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

Copyright 2007-2014 Dan Kogai, all rights reserved.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

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perl v5.20.3 URI::ESCAPE::XS (3) 2015-06-27

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