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Manual Reference Pages  -  VM::EC2::SECURITYGROUP::IPPERMISSION (3)

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VM::EC2::SecurityGroup::IpPermission - Object describing a firewall rule in an EC2 security group.



  $ec2      = VM::EC2->new(...);
  $sg       = $ec2->describe_security_groups(-name=>My Group);

  my @rules = $sg->ipPermissions;
  for my $rule (@rules) {   # each rule is a VM::EC2::SecurityGroup::IpPermission
         $protocol = $rule->ipProtocol;
         $fromPort = $rule->fromPort;
         $toPort   = $rule->toPort;
         @ranges   = $rule->ipRanges;
         @groups   = $rule->groups;


This object is used to describe the firewall rules defined within an Amazon EC2 security group. It is returned by the VM::EC2::SecurityGroup object’s ipPermissions() and ipPermissionsEgress() methods (these are also known as inbound_permissions() and outbound_permissions()).


CW$protocol = CW$rule->ipProtocol

Return the IP protocol for this rule: one of tcp, udp or icmp.

CW$port = CW$rule->fromPort

Start of the port range defined by this rule, or the ICMP type code. This will be a numeric value, like 80, or -1 to indicate all ports/codes.

CW$port = CW$rule->toPort

End of the port range defined by this rule, or the ICMP type code. This will be a numeric value, like 80, or -1 to indicate all ports/codes.

CW@ips = CW$rule->ipRanges

This method will return a list of the IP addresses that are allowed to originate or receive traffic, provided that the rule defines IP-based firewall filtering.

Each address is a CIDR (classless internet domain routing) address in the form a.b.c.d/n, such as ( The any address is in the form

CW@groups = CW$rule->groups

This method will return a list of the security groups that are allowed to originate or receive traffic from instances assigned to this security group, provided that the rule defines group-based traffic filtering.

Each returned object is a VM::EC2::SecurityGroup::GroupPermission, not a VM::EC2::SecurityGroup. The reason for this is that these traffic filtering groups can include security groups owned by other accounts

The GroupPermission objects define the methods userId(), groupId() and groupName().


When used in a string context, this object will interpolate the rule using the following templates:

TCP port 22 open to any host:

 "tcp(22..22) FROM CIDR"

TCP ports 23 through 39 open to the two class C networks 192.168.0.* and 192.168.1.*:

 "tcp(23..29) FROM CIDR,"

UDP port 80 from security group default owned by you and the group named farmville owned by user 9999999:

 "udp(80..80) GRPNAME default,9999999/farmville"


VM::EC2 VM::EC2::Generic VM::EC2::Instance VM::EC2::SecurityGroup VM::EC2::SecurityGroup::IpPermission VM::EC2::SecurityGroup::GroupPermission


Lincoln Stein <>.

Copyright (c) 2011 Ontario Institute for Cancer Research

This package and its accompanying libraries is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GPL (either version 1, or at your option, any later version) or the Artistic License 2.0. Refer to LICENSE for the full license text. In addition, please see DISCLAIMER.txt for disclaimers of warranty.

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perl v5.20.3 VM::EC2::SECURITYGROUP::IPPERMISSION (3) 2016-04-03

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