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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  AFNIX::SPS (3)

NAME

sps - standard spreadsheet module

CONTENTS

Standard Spreadsheet Module
Standard Spreadsheet Reference

STANDARD SPREADSHEET MODULE

The Standard Spreadsheetmodule is an original implementation that provides the necessary objects for designing a spreadsheet. A spreasheet acts a great interface which structure data in the form of record and sheets. Once structured, these data can be indexed, manipulated and exported into various formats.

Spreadsheet concepts
The sole purpose of using a spreadsheet is to collect various data and store them in such a way that they can be accessed later. Unlike standard spreadsheet system, the standard spreadsheet module does not place restrictions on the data organization. The spreadsheet module stores data in a hierarchical fashion. The basic data element is called a cell. A set of cells is a record. A set of records is a sheet. A set of sheets and records is a folio.

Cell and data
A cellis a data container. There is only one data element per cell. Eventually a name can be associated with a cell. The cell data can be any kind of literals. Such literals are integer, real, boolean, character or strings.

Record
A recordis a vector of cells. A record can be created by adding cell or simply by adding data. If the record has a predefined size, the cell or data can be set by indexing.

Sheet
A sheetis a vector of records. A sheet can be created by adding record. Similarly, if the sheet has a predefined size, record cell or data can be added by indexing. A sheet can also be seen as a 2 dimensional array of cells. For the purpose of managing extra information, the sheet carry also several extra records, namely, the marker record, the header recordand footer recordas well as the tag vectorand the signature.

Folio
A foliois a set of sheets and/or records. A folio of sheets permits to structure data in the form of tables. Since cell, record and table can have a name, it is possible to create link between various elements, thus creating a collection of structured data.

Storage model
There are several ways to integrate data. In the simplest form, data are integrated in a record list. A complex model can be built with a sheet. More complex models can also be designed by using a folio.

Single record model
With a single record model, the data are accumulated in a single array. This kind of data storing is particularly adapted for single list recording. As a single record, the basic search and sorting algorithm can be applied. For instance, a list name can be stored as a single record. With this view, there is no difference between a list, a vector and a record. The record can also be named.

Record importation
Data are imported into the record, either by construction, list or stream. Since the record object is a serializeable object, the importation process is also performed automatically in the collection. The base record importation class implements a simple importation model based on blank separated literals. Complex importation models can be devised by derivation. A special case with a cons cell is also supported where the caris the cell name and the cadris the cell object.

# an example of file importation
1   "a string" ’a’



The previous example shows the file structure that can be used to import cell data. The fist line defines a record with 3 cells. The second line defines also a record with 3 cells. The second cell is a named cell.

Record exportation
A record is an object that can be serialized. It can therefore be exported easily. However, in the serialized form, the record is in a binary form. It is also possible to walk through the record and exports, for each cell its literal form.

Folio indexation
There are various ways to access a folio by reference. Since a folio can contain several sheets, it seems natural to access them by tag. The other method is to index the cells in a cross-reference album in order to access rapidly.

Sheet access model
The sheet access model uses a tag to access one or several sheets in a folio. A tag is a string attached to a sheet. It is possible in a folio to have several sheet with the same tag. It is also possible to attach several tags to a sheet. When a folio is searched by tag, the first sheet that matches the tag is said to be the valid one. If all sheets that match the requested tag are needed, it is possible to create a derived folio with all sheets that match the requested tag.

Cell access model
The cell access model operates with a cross-reference table built with an index. An index is a multiple entry record that stores the cell location. A cell coordinate comprises the cell index in the record, the record index in the sheet and the sheet index in the folio. If an index contains multiple entries, this indicates that several cells are indexed. A cell cross-reference table is a collection of index. Generally the index name is the cell name. When the cross-reference table is built, all cell of interests are scanned and if a cell name exists, the cell is indexed in the cross-reference table. If there are several cells with the same name, the index length associated with the name is the number of cells with that name.

Search and access
The methodology for searching is to decide whether a sheet or a cell should be accessible. If a sheet access is desired, the search by tag method is the preferred way. This method assumes that the requested sheet is structured in a particular way, known to the user. If a cell access seems more appropriate, a cross-reference table should be built first, and the search done from it. In the case of search by tag, the method is dynamic and operates well when sheets are added in a folio. When a cross-reference table is used, proper care should be taken to rebuild the cross-reference table when some sheets are added unless the user knows that there is no need for it.

Folio object
The Folioobject is the primary object used for storing data. Although, a folio is a collection of sheets, it the primary object that should be created when manipulating such collection.

Creating a folio
The Folioobject is built without argument. In this case, the folio is empty. A predicate is available for testing the Folioobject.

const sps (afnix:sps:Folio)
afnix:sps:folio-p sps # true

The constructor can operate also by name or by input stream. With a string, a new folio those name is the argument is created. By stream, a new folio is created and loaded with the input stream data. Eventually, the folio name can be set with the set-namecommand and retrieved with the get-namecommand.

const sps (afnix:sps:Folio)
sps:set-name "planets"

Sheet object
The Sheetobject is the primary object used to store data in a folio. Since a Folioobject is a collection of sheets, a sheet can be manipulated either by getting getting it from the folio or by creating it independently and adding it into the folio.

Creating a sheet
An empty sheet can be created simply with or without name. Without argument, an unnamed sheet is created. Similar to the Folioclass, the sheet name can be passed at construction or set with the set-namemethod. As usual a predicate is provided.

const sht (afnix:sps:Sheet)
afnix:sps:sheet-p sht # true

When the sheet is created, it can be added to the folio spreadsheet with the addmethod.

const sht (afnix:sps:Sheet "data")
sps:add sht

Adding data to the sheet
The process of adding data to a sheet is a straightforward operation with the add-datamethod or the addmethod. With the add-datamethod, data are added as literals. With the addmethod, data are added with the help of a record object.

sht:add-data "Mercury"   4840 "1407:36"
sht:add-data "Venus"    12400 "5819:51"
sht:add-data "Earth"    12756 "23:56"
sht:add-data "Mars"      6800 "24:37"
sht:add-data "Jupiter" 142800 "9:50"
sht:add-data "Saturn"  120800 "10:14"
sht:add-data "Uranus"   47600 "10:49"
sht:add-data "Neptune"  44600 "15:40"
sht:add-data "Pluto"     5850 "153:17"
sht:add-data "Sedna"     1800 "960:00"

Data can be imported in a sheet by importation with an input stream. During the importation, the serialized data are decoded and placed sequentially in the stream.

Sheet sorting
A sheet can be sorted with the sortmethod. The sortmethod uses the first integer argument as the column number. The second optional argument is a boolean argument that selects the sorting method which can be ascending (by default) or descending if the flag is false.

sht:sort 0
sht:sort 1 false

Record object
The Recordobject is an alternative to the sheet data filling. With the help of the addmethod, a record can be added to a sheet.

Creating a record
A record is a named object that acts as a vector of cells. The record name can be set either by construction or with the set-namemethod. As usual a predicate is provided.

const rcd (afnix:sps:Record)
afnix:sps:record-p # true

Filling a record
A record can be filled either with literal data or Cellobjects. In the first case, the cell is automatically created for each literal added to the record. The addmethod add a cell or literal to the record.

const rcd (Record)
rcd:add "Mercury" 4840 "1407:36"

For data extraction, the lengthmethod returns the record length. Data can be extracted by index with either the getor mapmethod. The getmethod returns the record cell while the mapmethod returns the cell literal.

Object search
The search methodology is divided either by sheet or cells. In a folio, the search is done in terms of sheets while the construction of a cross-reference table is required for searching cells.

Searching in a folio
The Folioobject provides the primary mean to search for sheet. The findand lookupmethods return a sheet by tag. The first sheet that matches the tag is returned by these methods. The findmethod returns nil if the sheet cannot be found while the lookupmethod throws an exception.

# get a sheet by tag
const sheet (folio:lookup "the tag")

If there are several sheets that matched the tag, the filtermethod is more appropriate. The filtermethod returns a new folio that contains the sheet that matches the requested tag.

# get a sub-folio by tag
const sf (folio:filter "the tag")

Searching for a cell
The Folioobject also provides the method for building a cross-reference table. The cross-reference table is represented by the Xrefobject. By default, a complete Xrefobject table is built with the getxreffolio method. Such method, scan all cells in the folio and add them in the cross-reference table if the cell has a name.

# get a default xref table
const xref (folio:getxref)

The cross-reference table can also be built by searching for sheet tags. With a string argument, the getxrefsearch for all sheets that matches the tag and then build a cross-reference table. This method is equivalent to the operation of building a new folio by tag with the filtermethod and then building the cross-reference table.

# get a xref table by tag
const xref (folio:getxref "the tag")
# another method
const sf   (folio:filter "the tag")
const xref (sf:getxref)

A cross-reference table can also be built by cell index and/or record index. With a cell index, the cross-reference table is built by indexing the sheet column. With both the cell and record indexes, the cross-reference table is built by indexing all cells at the coordinate for all sheets.

# get a xref table by cell index
const xref (folio:getxref 0)
# get a xref table by cell and record index
const xref (folio:getxref 0 1)

STANDARD SPREADSHEET REFERENCE

Cell
The Cellclass is a data container. There is only one data element per cell. Eventually a name can be associated with a cell. The cell data can be any kind of literals. Such literals are integer, real, boolean, character or strings. A cell is the basic block used to build a spreadsheet.

Predicate

cell-p

Inheritance

Nameable

Constructors

Cell (none)
The Cellconstructor create a default cell with no name and no value. When evaluated, the cell returns nil.

Cell (Literal)
The Cellconstructor create a default cell by value. The argument is a literal object which can be viewed with its string representation.

Cell (String Literal)
The Cellconstructor create a default cell by name and value. The first argument is the cell name. The second argument is a literal object which can be viewed with its string representation.

Methods

get -> Literal (none)
The getmethod returns the cell literal value.

set -> none (Literal)
The setmethod sets the cell literal value.

get-name -> String (none)
The get-namemethod returns the cell name.

set-name -> none (String)
The set-namemethod sets the cell name.

Persist
The Persistclass is a base class for the AFNIX spreadsheet module. The class defines the methods that are used to read of write a particular persistent object. When saving, the object name is retreived with the get name method. The saveas method does the same as save but takes a file name argument.

Predicate

persist-p

Inheritance

Nameable

Methods

save -> none (none)
The savemethod saves the current object.

saveas -> none (String)
The saveasmethod saves the current object into the file those name is the string argument.

Record
The Recordclass is a cell container. A record can be created by adding cell or simply by adding data. If the record has a predefined size, the cell or data can be set by indexing. A name can be attached to the record. Facilities are provided to access directly the cell associated with the record. A record can also be created by name.

Predicate

record-p

Inheritance

Persist

Constructors

Record (none)
The Recordconstructor create an empty record with no name and no cell.

Record (String)
The Recordconstructor create an empty record by name name. The argument is the record name to use.

Methods

add -> none (Cell|Literal...)
The addmethod adds one or several cell objects to the record. In the first form, the argument is a cell that is added in the record. In the second form, the argument is a literal that is used to create a cell by value.

get -> Cell (Integer)
The getmethod returns a record cell by index. The index must be within the record range or an exception is raised.

map -> Literal (Integer)
The mapmethod map a record cell by index. The index must be within the record range or an exception is raised. The cell is mapped to a literal object.

set -> none (Integer Cell|Literal)
The setmethod sets the record cell by index. The record index must be valid in order to succeed. A new cell is created prior the record update. The previous cell data is lost including its name.

sort -> none (none|Boolean)
The sortmethod sorts a record in place. Without argument, the record is sorted in ascending order. The optional boolean argument specifies the sorting mode. If true, the record is sorting in ascending order and in descending order if false.

find -> Cell (String)
The findmethod finds a cell by name. If the cell is not found, the nil object is returned. This method is similar to the lookupmethod.

get-index -> Integer (String)
The get-indexmethod finds a cell index by name. If the cell is not found, an exception is raised. The index is the cell position in the record.

lookup -> Cell (String)
The lookupmethod finds a cell by name. If the cell is not found, an exception is raised. This method is similar to the findmethod.

length -> Integer (none)
The lengthmethod returns the record length.

get-name -> String (none)
The get-namemethod returns the record name.

reset -> none (none)
The resetmethod rest the record. The record name is not changed but all record cells are removed.

set-name -> none (String)
The set-namemethod sets the record name.

Sheet
The Sheetclass is a record container. A sheet can be created by adding records. Similarly, if the sheet has a predefined size, record cell or data can be added by indexing. A sheet can be also seen as a 2 dimensional array of cells. Like a record, a sheet can be named. Without argument, a default sheet is created. With a string argument, the sheet is created with an initial name.

Predicate

sheet-p

Inheritance

Persist

Constructors

Sheet (none)
The Sheetconstructor create an empty sheet with no name and no cell.

Sheet (String)
The Sheetconstructor create an empty sheet by name. The argument is the sheet name to use.

Sheet (String String)
The Sheetconstructor create an empty sheet by name and info. The first argument is the sheet name to use. The second argument is the sheet information string.

Methods

add -> none (Record)
The addmethod adds a record to the sheet.

get -> Record (Integer)
The getmethod returns a sheet record by index. The index must be within the sheet range or an exception is raised.

set -> none (Integer Record)
The setmethod sets the sheet record by index. The sheet index must be valid in order to succeed.

sort -> none (none|Integer|Boolean|Integer Boolean)
The sortmethod sorts the sheet in place. By default, the sheet is sorted in ascending order with column 0. With one argument, the argument can be either the sorting mode or the column number. If the mode is true, the sheet is sorted in ascending mode. If the mode is false, the sheet is sorted in descending mode. With two arguments, the first argument is the column number and the second is the sorting mode.

length -> Integer (none)
The lengthmethod returns the sheet length.

convert -> PrintTable ([Integer [Integer [Boolean]]])
The convertmethod converts the sheet into a print-table representation. Without argument, the whole sheet is converted. With one argument, the sheet is converted unto a maximum of rows. The second optional argument is the start index that default to 0. The third optional argument is the literal format. By default, the literal is formatted as a string. If the flag is true, the literal is formatted as a literal string representation.

add-data -> none ([Cell|Literal]+)
The add-datamethod adds one or several cell object to a sheet record. The sheet record is initially created and the object elements are added sequentially to the record. In the first form, the argument is a cell that is added in the record. In the second form, the argument is a literal that is used to create a cell by value.

add-marker -> none ([Literal]+)
The add-markermethod adds one or several literal objects to a sheet marker record.

marker-length -> Integer (none)
The marker-lengthmethod returns the number of markers defined for this sheet.

get-marker -> Cell (Integer)
The get-markermethod returns a marker cell by index from the sheet marker record.

set-marker -> none (Integer Literal)
The set-markermethod set the sheet marker record by index and literal.

find-marker -> Integer (String)
The find-markermethod find the marker index. The argument is the marker string value.

add-sign -> none ([Literal]+)
The add-signmethod adds one or several literal objects to a sheet sign record.

signature-length -> Integer (none)
The signature-lengthmethod returns the number of signs defined for this sheet.

get-sign -> Cell (Integer)
The get-signmethod returns a sign cell by index from the sheet sign record.

set-sign -> none (Integer Literal)
The set-signmethod set the sheet sign record by index and literal.

find-sign -> Integer (String)
The find-signmethod find the sign index. The argument is the sign string value.

add-header -> none (Cell|Literal...)
The add-headermethod adds one or several cell object to a sheet header record. In the first form, the argument is a cell that is added in the record. In the second form, the argument is a literal that is used to create a cell by value.

get-header -> Cell (Integer)
The get-headermethod returns a header cell by index from the sheet header record.

map-header -> Literal (Integer)
The map-headermethod maps to a literal object a header cell by index from the sheet header record.

set-header -> none (Integer Literal)
The set-headermethod set the header record by index and literal. The cell associated with the header record is updated with the literal value.

add-footer -> none ([Cell|Literal]+)
The add-footermethod adds one or several cell object to a sheet footer record. In the first form, the argument is a cell that is added in the record. In the second form, the argument is a literal that is used to create a cell by value.

get-footer -> Cell (Integer)
The get-footermethod returns a footer cell by index from the sheet footer record.

map-footer -> Literal (Integer)
The map-footermethod maps to a literal object an footer cell by index from the sheet footer record.

set-footer -> none (Integer Literal)
The set-footermethod set the footer record by index and literal. The cell associated with the footer record is updated with the literal value.

get-name -> String (none)
The get-namemethod returns the sheet name.

set-name -> none (String)
The set-namemethod sets the sheet name.

get-info -> String (none)
The get-infomethod returns the sheet info.

set-info -> none (String)
The set-infomethod sets the sheet info.

add-tag -> none ([String]+)
The add-tagmethod adds a tag into the tags vector. The tag can be used to mark a sheet in a folio.

tag-p -> Boolean (string)
The tag-pmethod returns true if the given tag is defined for this sheet.

tag-length -> Integer (none)
The tag-lengthmethod returns the number of tags defined for this sheet.

get-tag -> String (Integer)
The get-tagmethod returns a tag by index.

set-tag -> none (Integer Literal)
The set-tagmethod set the sheet tag record by index and literal.

find-tag -> Integer (String)
The find-tagmethod find the tag index. The argument is the tag string value.

reset -> none (none)
The resetmethod resets the sheet. The name and information is unchanged during this operation.

Folio
The Folioclass is a sheet container. A folio of sheets can be structured to handle various data organization. Since all objects are named, it is possible to index them for fast data search. An empty folio can be created by name or filled with an input stream.

Predicate

folio-p

Inheritance

Persist

Constructors

Folio (none)
The Folioconstructor create an empty folio with no name and no cell.

Folio (String)
The Folioconstructor create an empty folio by name. The argument is the folio name to use.

Folio (String String)
The Folioconstructor create an empty folio by name and info. The first argument is the folio name to use. The second argument is the folio information string.

Folio (InputStream)
The Folioconstructor create an empty folio and fill it by reading the data from the input stream. The input stream must have the data in a serialized form.

Methods

write -> none (OutputStream)
The writemethod write the folio contents to an output stream. The written form is a serialized form.

add -> none (Sheet)
The addmethod adds a sheet to the folio.

get -> Sheet (Integer)
The getmethod returns a sheet by index. The index must be within the folio range or an exception is raised.

set -> none (Integer Sheet)
The setmethod sets the folio by index and sheet. The index must be within the folio range or an exception is raised.

tag-p -> Boolean (String)
The tag-pmethod returns true if a sheet with the tag argument exists in the folio.

find -> Sheet (String)
The findmethod finds a sheet by tag. The first found sheet those tag is matched is returned. In the case that multiple sheet share the same tag, the filtershould be used. If no sheet is found the method return the nil object.

lookup -> Sheet (String)
The lookupmethod finds a sheet by tag. The first found sheet those tag is matched is returned. In the case that multiple sheet share the same tag, the filtershould be used. If no sheet is found the method throws an exception. This method is similar to the findmethod.

filter -> Folio (String)
The filtermethod return a new folio with sheets that match the argument tag. If no sheet is found, the folio is empty.

reset -> none (none)
The resetmethod resets the folio. The name and information is unchanged during this operation.

length -> Integer (none)
The lengthmethod returns the folio length.

get-name -> String (none)
The get-namemethod returns the folio name.

set-name -> none (String)
The set-namemethod sets the folio name.

get-info -> String (none)
The get-infomethod returns the folio info.

set-info -> none (String)
The set-infomethod sets the folio info.

get-xref -> Xref (none|Integer|String|Integer Integer)
The get-xrefmethod returns a cross-reference table from the folio. Without argument, the whole folio is scanned and all named cells are added in the cross-reference table. With an integer argument, all cells that matches the cell index argument are added in the cross-reference table. With a string argument, all cells that have the same name are added in the table. Finally, with two arguments that represents the cell index and the record index are used, all cells are added in the table with these two coordinates.

Index
The Indexclass is a class that maintain a cell index at the folio level. A cell index is composed of the sheet index, the record index and the cell index. The index object can be used to access in a generic way a particular cell. Additionally, the folio name can also be stored in the index. It is possible to have multiple records that represents the same cell.

Predicate

index-p

Inheritance

Object

Constructors

Index (none)
The Indexconstructor creates an empty index.

Index (Integer)
The Indexconstructor creates an index with a cell index as its coordinate.

Index (Integer Integer)
The Integerconstructor creates an index with a cell and record indexes as its coordinate. The first argument is the cell index. The second argument is the record index.

Index (Integer Integer Integer)
The Indexconstructor creates an index with a cell, record and sheet indexes as its coordinate. The first argument is the cell index. The second argument is the record index. The third argument is the sheet index.

Methods

add -> none (Integer|Integer Integer|Integer Integer Integer)
The addmethod adds a new index coordinate in the index object. In the first form, the cell index is used as the coordinate. In the second form, the cell and record indexes are used as the coordinate. In the third form, the cell, record and sheet indexes are used as the coordinate.

reset -> none (none)
The resetmethod reset the index by removing all attached coordinates.

length -> Integer (none)
The lengthmethod returns the index length. The index length is the number of coordinate entries in the index.

exists-p -> Boolean (Integer|Integer Integer|Integer Integer Integer)
The exists-ppredicate returns true if a coordinate entry exists in the index. In the first form, the cell index is used as the coordinate. In the second form, the cell and record indexes are used as the coordinate. In the third form, the cell, record and sheet indexes are used as the coordinate.

set-index-cell -> none (Integer Integer)
The set-index-cellmethod sets the cell index by position. The first argument is the coordinate position. The second argument is the cell index to use.

update-index-cell -> none (Integer)
The update-index-cellmethod updates the cell index for all entries in the index. The argument is the new cell index to use for the update process.

get-index-cell -> Integer (Integer)
The get-index-cellmethod returns the cell index for a particular entry. The argument is the entry position.

set-index-record -> none (Integer Integer)
The set-index-recordmethod sets the record index by position. The first argument is the coordinate position. The second argument is the record index to use.

update-index-record -> none (Integer)
The update-index-recordmethod updates the record index for all entries in the index. The argument is the new record index to use for the update process.

get-index-record -> Integer (Integer)
The get-index-recordmethod returns the record index for a particular entry. The argument is the entry position.

set-index-sheet -> none (Integer Integer)
The set-index-sheetmethod sets the sheet index by position. The first argument is the coordinate position. The second argument is the cell sheet to use.

update-index-sheet -> none (Integer)
The update-index-sheetmethod updates the sheet index for all entries in the index. The argument is the new sheet index to use for the update process.

get-index-sheet -> Integer (Integer)
The get-index-sheetmethod returns the sheet index for a particular entry. The argument is the entry position.

Xref
The Xrefclass is a cross-reference class. The class maintains the association between a name and an index. with a particular name, an index entry is created if it does not exists. Such entry can be later used to access the cell content by index.

Predicate

xref-p

Inheritance

Object

Constructors

Xref (none)
The Xrefconstructor creates an empty cross-reference object.

Methods

add -> none (String [Integer|Integer Integer|Integer Integer Integer])
The addmethod adds a new reference in the table. The first argument is always the index name. In the first form, the cell index is used as the coordinate. In the second form, the cell and record indexes are used as the coordinate. In the third form, the cell, record and sheet indexes are used as the coordinate.

get -> Index (Integer|String)
The getmethod returns an Indexobject either by name or position. With an integer argument, the index is obtained by position. With a string argument, the index with the matching name is returned.

reset -> none (none)
The resetmethod resets the cross-reference table.

length -> Integer (none)
The lengthmethod returns the length of the cross-reference table.

lookup -> Index (String)
The lookupmethod returns an index those name is the matching argument. If the index cannot be found, an exception is raised.

exists-p -> Boolean (String)
The exists-ppredicate returns true if an index those name is the matching argument exists in the cross-reference table.

get-name -> String (Integer)
The get-namemethod returns the index name by position.
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