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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  FMTCHECK (3)

NAME

fmtcheck - sanitizes user-supplied printf 3 -style format string

CONTENTS

Library
Synopsis
Description
Return Values
See Also
Bugs
Security Considerations

LIBRARY


.Lb libc

SYNOPSIS


.In stdio.h const char * fmtcheck const char *fmt_suspect const char *fmt_default

DESCRIPTION

The fmtcheck scans fmt_suspect and fmt_default to determine if fmt_suspect will consume the same argument types as fmt_default and to ensure that fmt_suspect is a valid format string.

The printf(3) family of functions cannot verify the types of arguments that they are passed at run-time. In some cases, like catgets(3), it is useful or necessary to use a user-supplied format string with no guarantee that the format string matches the specified arguments.

The fmtcheck was designed to be used in these cases, as in:

printf(fmtcheck(user_format, standard_format), arg1, arg2);

In the check, field widths, fillers, precisions, etc. are ignored (unless the field width or precision is an asterisk *’ instead of a digit string). Also, any text other than the format specifiers is completely ignored.

RETURN VALUES

If fmt_suspect is a valid format and consumes the same argument types as fmt_default, then the fmtcheck will return fmt_suspect. Otherwise, it will return fmt_default.

SEE ALSO

printf(3)

BUGS

The fmtcheck function does not recognize positional parameters.

SECURITY CONSIDERATIONS

Note that the formats may be quite different as long as they accept the same arguments. For example, "%p %o %30s %#llx %-10.*e %n" is compatible with "This number %lu %d%% and string %s has %qd numbers and %.*g floats (%n)". However, "%o" is not equivalent to "%lx" because the first requires an integer and the second requires a long.
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