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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  FTOK (3)

NAME

ftok - create IPC identifier from path name

CONTENTS

Library
Synopsis
Description
Return Values
See Also
History
Authors
Bugs

LIBRARY


.Lb libc

SYNOPSIS


.In sys/types.h
.In sys/ipc.h key_t ftok const char *path int id

DESCRIPTION

The ftok function attempts to create a unique key suitable for use with the msgget(2), semget(2) and shmget(2) functions given the path of an existing file and a user-selectable id.

The specified path must specify an existing file that is accessible to the calling process or the call will fail. Also, note that links to files will return the same key, given the same id.

RETURN VALUES

The ftok function will return -1 if path does not exist or if it cannot be accessed by the calling process.

SEE ALSO

semget(2), shmget(2), msgget(2)

HISTORY

The ftok function originates with System V and is typically used by programs that use the System V IPC routines.

AUTHORS


.An Thorsten Lockert Aq tholo@sigmasoft.com

BUGS

The returned key is computed based on the device minor number and inode of the specified path in combination with the lower 8 bits of the given id. Thus it is quite possible for the routine to return duplicate keys.
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