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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  HTTP_SERVLET (3)

NAME

http_servlet - HTTP response generation API

CONTENTS

Library
Synopsis
Description
Return Values
See Also
History
Authors

LIBRARY

PDEL Library (libpdel, -lpdel)

SYNOPSIS


.In sys/types.h
.In stdio.h
.In netinet/in.h
.In openssl/ssl.h
.In pdel/http/http_defs.h
.In pdel/http/http_server.h
.In pdel/http/http_servlet.h

DESCRIPTION

The http_servlet API provides an interface for user code to generate HTTP responses for the http_server(3) HTTP server.

The PDEL library comes with these predefined servlets:

HTTP basic authentication: http_servlet_basicauth(3)
HTTP secure cookie authentication: http_servlet_cookieauth(3)
HTTP redirect servlet: http_servlet_redirect(3)
File servlet: http_servlet_file(3)
tmpl(3) template servlet: http_servlet_tmpl(3)
XML servlet: http_servlet_xml(3)
XML-RPC servlet: http_servlet_xmlrpc(3)

Servlets are registered by first constructing the servlet object and then invoking http_server_register_servlet. A servlet is represented by a struct http_servlet:

typedef int  http_servlet_run_t(struct http_servlet *servlet,
               struct http_request *req, struct http_response *resp);
typedef void http_servlet_destroy_t(struct http_servlet *servlet);

struct http_servlet { void *arg; /* servlet cookie */ struct http_servlet_hook *hook; /* server info */ http_servlet_run_t *run; /* execute method */ http_servlet_destroy_t *destroy; /* destructor */ };

The arg fields is private to the servlet itself and is ignored by the server.

The hook is an http_server(3) private pointer that should be initialized to NULL when the servlet is constructed. This pointer is set to a non- NULL value when the servlet is registered with a server. The servlet itself should not dereference or modify this field.

run executes the servlet for a single request/response pair. Each response is handled by the server in a separate thread, and several request/response pairs may exist at the same time for the same servlet object; i.e., servlets are multi-threaded. Synchronization is the responsibility of the servlet. The thread executing the servlet may be canceled at any cancellation point, e.g., if the requesting user-agent closes the connection before the response has been sent. This means that the servlet code may need to register thread cleanup hooks to avoid leaking memory or other resources.

destroy will be called when the servlet is being unregistered and destroyed (servlets can be registered only once; unregistering a servlet destroys it). It should free any resources allocated when the servlet was constructed. The http_server(3) code guarantees that when destroy is invoked, there will be no instances of the run method currently executing.

RETURN VALUES

If successful, run should return 1 to indicate that the response is complete, or 0 to indicate that the servlet did not generate a response and execution should continue with the next-best matching servlet. Zero return values are used by servlets that only generate a response conditionally, e.g., authorization servlets.

On failure run should -1 and set errno. In this case (typically due to a system error), if a response has not yet been sent, a generic "500 Internal Server Error" response will be automatically generated with the error string from strerror(3).

SEE ALSO

http_client(3), http_request(3), http_response(3), http_server(3), http_servlet_basicauth(3), http_servlet_cookieauth(3), http_servlet_file(3), http_servlet_redirect(3), http_servlet_tmpl(3), http_servlet_xml(3), http_servlet_xmlrpc(3), libpdel(3)
.Rs Hypertext Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1
.Re

HISTORY

The PDEL library was developed at Packet Design, LLC. http://www.packetdesign.com/

AUTHORS


.An Archie Cobbs Aq archie@freebsd.org
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