Quick Navigator

Search Site

Unix VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Contact Us
Online Help
Domain Status
Man Pages

Virtual Servers

Topology Map

Server Agreement
Year 2038

USA Flag



Man Pages

Manual Reference Pages  -  JOIN (3)


split, splitf, splitquotable, sjoin, join, split_network - split and join functions


See Also


.Fd #include <strfunc.h>

Split string and add tokens to the string array svect * split const char *string const char *delim int flags int splitf svect * const char *string const char *delim int flags int splitquotable svect * const char *string

Join the array tokens together char * join char ** const char *delimiter char * sjoin svect * const char *delimiter

Stand-alone network/mask splitting function int split_network const char *ip_mask unsigned int *ip unsigned int *mask


These routines allows to split or join strings by specified tokens.

int splitf svect * const char *string const char *delim int flags is the basic splitting function. string specifies the source string. delim specifies the delimiter to be used to split string into tokens. flags is the bitwise OR of the following values:
1 two or more joined delimiters will be considered to be distinct instead of assuming them as one delimiter and skipping.
2 delimiter will be considered as the pointer to delimiting string instead of assuming it as the pointer to character set.
4 delimiter is the regular expression. Regular expression can be prefixed with and followed by /’es if there is a need to put some flags after it. Refer to sf_sed(3) to obtain a flags and additional information about regular expressions. Setting this flag automaticaly discards 1 & 2.

Return value is the number of tokens recognized and added to the vector, or -1 in case of an error caused by memory shortage or regular expressions handling failure.

svect * split const char *string const char *set int flags is identical to the splitf in one exception that it will create a new svect * structure for you. The structure will always be allocated, but it can contain no data if splitf will be unable to find any tokens.

int splitquotable svect *sl const char *string is the function that recognizes single and double quotes and splits string according to them. There is a small hack that allows to know whether this or that piece of string (token) was originally inside the double or single quotes. The character (byte) right after the end of string within the list sl->list[N][sl->lens[N] + 1] will contain the ’ ’, ’\1’ or ’\2’ if the appropriate token was originaly found within the unquoted text, single or double quotes, respectively.

To join vector elements together, sjoin svect * const char *delimiter function may be called. Another call, join char **list const char *delimiter, may be required to join the char ** values together without using an intermediate svect * structure.

int split_network const char *ip_mask unsigned int *ip unsigned int *mask used to split IP/Mask strings to binary IP address and mask. Both ip and mask arguments should be supplied. They will be filled with recognized ip address and mask in network byte order. Refer to byteorder(3) or ntohl(3). split_network regognizes the standart forms of ip address/mask pairs:

        a.b.c.d 0xHEXMASK
        a.b.c.d a.b.c.d
        or, more common
        a[.[b[.c[.d]]]] a.b[.c[.d]]]


Example split function...

void removeMultipleSpaces(const char *string) {
        svect *sl;

        /* Split string="some bad string"          * and add tokens to the vector          */         sl = split(string, NULL, 0);

        /* And join them together to form          * "some bad string"          */         printf("%s\n", sjoin(sl, " "));

        /* Destroy the string vector */         sfree(sl); };

Split according to quotes void quotes(const char *string) {         svect *sl;         int i;

        /* Create new string vector */         sl = sinit();

        /* Split string=" one ’two three’ four          * and add tokens to the vector          */         sl = splitquotable(sl, string);

        /* And join them together to form          * "[one], [two three], [four], [five]"          */         printf("[%s]\n", sjoin(sl, "], ["));

        /* Single or double quoted? */         for(i = 0; i < sl->count; i++)                 printf("%s: %s\n", sl->list[i],                         (sl->list[i][sl->lens[i] + 1] == 0)?"plain text":                         ((sl->list[i][sl->lens[i] + 1] == 1)?"single quoted":                         ((sl->list[i][sl->lens[i] + 1] == 2)?"double quoted"))                 );

        /* Destroy the list */         sfree(sl); };


strfunc(3), sf_svect(3), sf_sed(3), byteorder(3).


.An Lev Walkin <>
Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section 3 |  Main Index

Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with manServer 1.07.