GSP
Quick Navigator

Search Site

Unix VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Support
Contact Us
Online Help
Handbooks
Domain Status
Man Pages

FAQ
Virtual Servers
Pricing
Billing
Technical

Network
Facilities
Connectivity
Topology Map

Miscellaneous
Server Agreement
Year 2038
Credits
 

USA Flag

 

 

Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  -  LWRES_GETIPNODEBYNAME (3)

NAME

lwres_getipnodebyname, lwres_getipnodebyaddr, lwres_freehostent - lightweight resolver nodename / address translation API

CONTENTS

SYNOPSIS

#include <lwres/netdb.h>

struct hostent * lwres_getipnodebyname(const char *name, int af, int flags, int *error_num);
struct hostent * lwres_getipnodebyaddr(const void *src, size_t len, int af, int *error_num);
void lwres_freehostent(struct hostent *he);

DESCRIPTION

These functions perform thread safe, protocol independent nodename-to-address and address-to-nodename translation as defined in RFC2553.

They use a struct hostent which is defined in namedb.h:

struct  hostent {
        char    *h_name;        /* official name of host */
        char    **h_aliases;    /* alias list */
        int     h_addrtype;     /* host address type */
        int     h_length;       /* length of address */
        char    **h_addr_list;  /* list of addresses from name server */
};
#define h_addr  h_addr_list[0]  /* address, for backward compatibility */

The members of this structure are:

h_name

The official (canonical) name of the host.

h_aliases

A NULL-terminated array of alternate names (nicknames) for the host.

h_addrtype

The type of address being returned - usually PF_INET or PF_INET6.

h_length

The length of the address in bytes.

h_addr_list

A NULL terminated array of network addresses for the host. Host addresses are returned in network byte order.

lwres_getipnodebyname() looks up addresses of protocol family af for the hostname name. The flags parameter contains ORed flag bits to specify the types of addresses that are searched for, and the types of addresses that are returned. The flag bits are:

AI_V4MAPPED

This is used with an af of AF_INET6, and causes IPv4 addresses to be returned as IPv4-mapped IPv6 addresses.

AI_ALL

This is used with an af of AF_INET6, and causes all known addresses (IPv6 and IPv4) to be returned. If AI_V4MAPPED is also set, the IPv4 addresses are return as mapped IPv6 addresses.

AI_ADDRCONFIG

Only return an IPv6 or IPv4 address if here is an active network interface of that type. This is not currently implemented in the BIND 9 lightweight resolver, and the flag is ignored.

AI_DEFAULT

This default sets the AI_V4MAPPED and AI_ADDRCONFIG flag bits.

lwres_getipnodebyaddr() performs a reverse lookup of address src which is len bytes long. af denotes the protocol family, typically PF_INET or PF_INET6.

lwres_freehostent() releases all the memory associated with the struct hostent pointer he. Any memory allocated for the h_name, h_addr_list and h_aliases is freed, as is the memory for the hostent structure itself.

RETURN VALUES

If an error occurs, lwres_getipnodebyname() and lwres_getipnodebyaddr() set *error_num to an appropriate error code and the function returns a NULL pointer. The error codes and their meanings are defined in <lwres/netdb.h>:

HOST_NOT_FOUND

No such host is known.

NO_ADDRESS

The server recognised the request and the name but no address is available. Another type of request to the name server for the domain might return an answer.

TRY_AGAIN

A temporary and possibly transient error occurred, such as a failure of a server to respond. The request may succeed if retried.

NO_RECOVERY

An unexpected failure occurred, and retrying the request is pointless.

lwres_hstrerror(3) translates these error codes to suitable error messages.

SEE ALSO

RFC2553(), lwres(3), lwres_gethostent(3), lwres_getaddrinfo(3), lwres_getnameinfo(3), lwres_hstrerror(3).

COPYRIGHT

Copyright © 2004, 2005, 2007, 2014 Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. ("ISC")
Copyright © 2000, 2001, 2003 Internet Software Consortium.
Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section 3 |  Main Index


BIND9 LWRES_GETIPNODE (3) June 18, 2007

Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with manServer 1.07.